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Nassour Guelendouksia Ouaido

Nassour Guelendouksia Ouaido
Born 1947
Gounou Gaya
Nationality Chadian
Occupation Chadian politician

Nassour Guelendouksia Ouaido (born 1947) is a Chadian politician who was Prime Minister of Chad from 1997 to 1999 and was President of the National Assembly of Chad from 2002 to 2011. He has been Secretary-General of the Economic Community of Central African States since 2012.

Career

A southerner,[1] he was born in 1947 at Gounou Gaya.[2]

A demographer specialising in Sub-Saharan Africa, he started his studies in N'Djamena, where he obtained his baccalauréat, and after that took a diplôme d'Ingénieur at Abidjan's School of Statistics. He later completed his education by receiving a diploma at Yaoundé and, lastly, at the Paris Demography Institute. Ouaido began his working career as co-director of the projected 1974-75 Chadian national census. He successively worked at the Permanent Interstate Committee for drought control in the Sahel, becoming in 1988 the interim director of one of its structures, the Centre d'Etudes et de Recherche sur la Population pour le Développement.[2]

Since 1995 Ouaido has been in politics under the banner of President Idriss Déby's party, the Patriotic Salvation Movement (MPS), serving as Minister of Education and Minister of Planning and Cooperation.[2] He was Secretary-General at the President's Office when, following the resignation of Koibla Djimasta's cabinet, he was appointed by the President on May 17, 1997 as the new Prime Minister.[3] This change originated from the rallying to the government of the opposition leader Wadel Abdelkader Kamougué, who was thus elected President of the National Assembly with the support of the MPS on May 9. Ouaido's new cabinet included representatives of several parties, even if the key posts were kept by the MPS;[1][4][5] it was appointed on May 21.[6]

Ouaido was eventually replaced two years later, on December 13, 1999, and succeeded by Nagoum Yamassoum,[7][8] also of the ruling party and considered a close aide of Déby. It is believed that Ouaido's expected removal was motivated by two main reasons: the failure to quell the insurgency led by the former Minister of Interior Youssouf Togoïmi and the difficulties with the Doba oilfield project, abandoned by the oil companies Elf Aquitaine and Royal Dutch Shell.[9] Another element was the fall of cotton prices, which affected the country's first source of exports and thus increased the deficit.[10]

In the April 2002 parliamentary election, Ouaido was elected to the National Assembly as an MPS candidate from Gounou Gaya constituency in Kabia Department.[11] When the new National Assembly first met on June 10, 2002, he was elected as the President of the National Assembly.[12][13]

On February 29, 2008,[14] Ouaido was appointed by Déby to head an international commission of inquiry into the disappearances of opposition leaders who were allegedly arrested by the government earlier in the month.[14][15] However, there were concerns from the opposition and non-governmental organizations that this commission would not act independently, and it was subsequently replaced by another commission, which was viewed more favorably[16] and was not headed by Ouaido, on April 2.[17]

References

  1. ^ a b African News Bulletin - Bulletin d'Information Africaine, "Nouveau Premier ministre", 22-05-1997.
  2. ^ a b c Diplomat Investissement: Journal de la diplomatie et des affaires, March–April 2006, "Un parlement jeune et démocratique"
  3. ^ May 1997, Rulers.org.
  4. ^ MAR | Data | Chronology for Southerners in Chad
  5. ^ Africa South of the Sahara 2004, page 223.
  6. ^ "May 1997 - Chad", Keesing's Record of World Events, volume 43, May 1997, page 41,626.
  7. ^ "Dec 1999 - Chad", Keesing's Record of World Events, volume 45, December 1999, page 43,300.
  8. ^ December 1999, Rulers.org.
  9. ^ "New PM for Chad", BBC News, December 14, 1999.
  10. ^ Cherif Ouazani, "Déby dans la tourmente", Jeune Afrique, December 21, 1999 (French).
  11. ^ List of members of the National Assembly (following 2002 election), ialtchad.com (French).
  12. ^ "Jun 2002 - Chad", Keesing's Record of World Events, volume 48, June 2002, page 44,829.
  13. ^ Page on 2002 parliamentary election, IPU-PARLINE.
  14. ^ a b "Decret N°325/PR/2008", website of the Chadian presidency, February 29, 2008 (French).
  15. ^ "Wife of missing Chadian opposition leader snubs meeting with Pres. Deby", African Press Agency, February 28, 2008.
  16. ^ "Tchad: la commission d'enquête sur les opposants disparus lance enfin ses travaux", AFP, May 9, 2008 (French).
  17. ^ "Decret N°526/PR/2008", website of the Chadian presidency, April 2, 2008 (French).
Preceded by
Koibla Djimasta
Prime Minister of Chad
May 17, 1997 – December 13, 1999
Succeeded by
Nagoum Yamassoum
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