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National Assembly (Laos)

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National Assembly (Laos)

National Assembly
Sapha Heng Xat
Coat of arms or logo
Seats 132
National Assembly of Laos seating.svg
Political groups

     Lao People's Revolutionary Party (128)

     Independents (4)
Last election
30 April 2011
Meeting place
Vientiane, Laos

The National Assembly (Laotian: Sapha Heng Xat) is the unicameral parliament of Laos. The National Assembly meets in Vientiane.

Laos is a single-party state. This means that only one political party, the Revolutionary People's Party of Laos, is legally allowed to hold effective power. Most of the National Assembly's actions simply rubber stamp the party's decisions. Efforts have been made to increase the capacity of its members, aiming to strengthen their legislative, oversight, and representational capacities.[1]


The National Assembly was established in its current form by the Lao Constitution of 1991,[2] replacing the Supreme People's Assembly (the latter also formerly known as the Supreme People's Council). After the December 1997 elections, the number of seats were increased to 99, a new structure was announced and Samane Vignaket was elected as its president.


Parliamentary committees of the National Assembly currently include:[3]

  • Law Committee
  • Economy, Planning and Finance Committee
  • Cultural and Social Committee
  • Ethnic Affairs Committee
  • National Defence and Security Committee
  • Foreign Affairs Committee

Latest election

 Summary of 30 April 2011 National Assembly of Laos election results
Lao People's Revolutionary Party (Phak Paxaxôn Pativat Lao) 128
Non-partisans 4
Total 132

See also


  1. ^ UNDP Governance Support
  2. ^ Constitution of the Lao PDR
  3. ^ National Assembly, 'Status and Roles of the Committees of the National Assembly'

External links

  • Official website
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