World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

National Bank of Austria

National Bank of Austria
Headquarters Vienna
Established 1 June 1816
President Ewald Nowotny
Central bank of Austria
Succeeded by European Central Bank (1999)1
1 The Österreichische Nationalbank still exists but many functions have been taken over by the ECB.
Count Johann Philipp von Stadion receives from Francis I (Franz I.), the first Emperor of Austria, the charter for the foundation of the National Bank of Austria in Vienna. Bronze medal to the 100th Anniversary on 1 June 1916, obverse. Medallist Stefan Schwartz.


  • History 1
  • Today 2
  • See also 3
  • External links 4
  • References 5


The Österreichische Nationalbank was started in 1816 by Johann Philipp Stadion, Count von Warthausen in the reign of Francis I (Franz I.), the first Emperor of Austria. The foundation of this bank followed a period of high currency devaluation in Austria during the war times when paper money was issued by the Habsburg state.[1]


The Österreichische Nationalbank (ÖNB) is the central bank of the Republic of Austria and, as such, an integral part of both the European System of Central Banks (ESCB) and the Eurozone. In the public interest, the National Bank of Austria contributes to monetary and economic policy decision-making in Austria and in the Euro area. In line with the Federal Act on the Österreichische Nationalbank, the ÖNB is a stock corporation. Given its status as a central bank, it is, however, governed by a number of special provisions, as laid down in the Nationalbank Act. The ÖNB's capital totals EUR 12 million. Since May 2010 this capital is entirely held by the state of Austria. Previously half of the capital was in the hands of employer and employee organizations as well as banks and insurance corporations.

The main tasks of the ÖNB center on contributing to a stability-oriented monetary policy within the Eurozone, safeguarding financial stability in Austria and supplying the general public and the business community in Austria with high-quality, i.e. counterfeit-proof, cash. In addition, the ÖNB manages reserve assets, i.e. gold and foreign exchange holdings, with a view to backing the euro in times of crisis, draws up economic analyses, compiles statistical data, is active in international organizations and is responsible for payment systems oversight. Furthermore, the ÖNB operates a payment system for the euro, promotes knowledge and understanding among the general public and decision makers owing to its comprehensive communication policy, and supports research in Austria.

Present Board of Directors[2]
Name Function
Ewald Nowotny Governor
Andreas Ittner Vice Governor
Peter Mooslechner Director
Kurt Pribil Director

See also

External links

  • (German) (English) National Bank of Austria


  1. ^ Österreichische Nationalbank in: de.WorldHeritage, German, retrieved 12 February 2014.
  2. ^ Direktorium ÖNB, German, retrieved 12 February 2014.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.