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National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam


National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam

The Communist Party of Vietnam is organized according to the Leninist principle of Democratic centralism.

The supreme party organ is the National Congress, which has been held every five years since 1976. Due to war footing during the time of wars against France and the United States, the first four congresses were not fixed according to a common time schedule. Since the Foundation Conference, 10 national CPV congresses have been held:

The National Congress elects the Central Committee, consisting of 160 full members and 21 candidates. The Central Committee usually meets twice a year.


No. Began Ended Delegates Location Party members General Secretary
1st 27 March 30 March 1935 13 Macau, China 600 Lê Hồng Phong
2nd 11 February 19 February 1951 158 (53 alternates) Vinh Quang, Tuyên Quang 766,349 Trường Chinh
3rd 5 September 1960 12 September 1960 525 (51 alternates) Hanoi, Vietnam 500,000 Lê Duẩn
4th 14 December 1976 20 December 1976 1,008 Hanoi, Vietnam 1,550,000 Lê Duẩn
5th 27 March 31 March 1982 1,033 Hanoi, Vietnam 1,727,000 Lê Duẩn
6th 15 December 18 December 1986 1,129 Hanoi, Vietnam ~1,900,000 Nguyễn Văn Linh
7th 24 June 27 June 1991 1,176 Hanoi, Vietnam 2,155,022 Đỗ Mười
8th 28 June 1 July 1996 1,198 Hanoi, Vietnam 2,130,000 Lê Khả Phiêu
9th 19 April 22 April 2001 1,168 Hanoi, Vietnam 2,479,719 Nông Đức Mạnh
10th 18 April 25 April 2006 1,176 Hanoi, Vietnam ~3,100,000 Nông Đức Mạnh
11th 12 January 19 January 2011 1,377 Hanoi, Vietnam ~3,600,000 Nguyễn Phú Trọng


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