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National Parks of India

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Title: National Parks of India  
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Subject: Maharashtra, Kaziranga National Park, Sultanpur National Park, Singalila National Park, Hemis National Park, Private protected areas of India, Kazinag National Park
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National Parks of India

National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. India's first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park. By 1970, India only had five national parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species. Further federal legislation strengthening protections for wildlife was introduced in the 1980s. As of April 2012, there were 102 national parks. All national park lands then encompassed a total 39,919 km2 (15,413 sq mi) km², comprising 1.21% of India's total surface area.

A total of 166 national parks have been authorized. Plans are underway to establish the remaining scheduled parks. All of India's national parks are listed below alongside their home state or territory, area and the date that they were established. See Protected areas of India for an overview of all Indian protected areas.

List of national parks

Tal parks of India.

No Name State Established Area (in km²) Notable flora and fauna
1 Anshi National Park Karnataka 2013 250 Bengal tiger, Black panther and Indian elephant, among other distinctive fauna
2 Balphakram National Park Meghalaya 2013 220 Wild water buffalo, Red panda, Elephant and eight species of cats including Tiger and Marbled cat
3 Bandhavgarh National Park Madhya Pradesh 2013 448.85
4 Bandipur National Park Karnataka 1974 874.20
5 Bannerghatta National Park Karnataka 1974 106.27
6 Vansda National Park Gujarat 1979 23.99
7 Betla National Park Jharkhand 1986 231.67
8 Bhitarkanika National Park Odisha 1988 145
9 Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar Gujarat 1976 34.08
10 Buxa Tiger Reserve West Bengal 1992 117.10
11 Campbell Bay National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1992 426.23
12 Chandoli National Park Maharashtra 2004 317.67
13 Jim Corbett National Park Uttarakhand 1936 1318.5
14 Dachigam National Park Jammu and Kashmir 1981 141 Only area where Kashmir Stag is found
15 Darrah National Park Rajasthan 2004 250
16 Desert National Park Rajasthan 1980 3162
17 Dibru-Saikhowa National Park Assam 1999 340
18 Dudhwa National Park Uttar Pradesh 1977 490.29
19 Eravikulam National Park Kerala 1978 97
20 Mandla Plant Fossils National Park Madhya Pradesh 1983 0.27
21 Galathea National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1992 110
22 Gangotri National Park Uttarakhand 1989 1552.73
23 Gir Forest National Park Gujarat 1965 258.71 Asiatic lion
24 Gorumara National Park West Bengal 1994 79.45
25 Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary Uttarakhand 1990 472.08
26 Great Himalayan National Park Himachal Pradesh 1984 754.40
27 Gugamal National Park Maharashtra 1987 361.28
28 Guindy National Park Tamil Nadu 1976 2.82
29 Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch Gujarat 1980 162.89
30 Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park Tamil Nadu 1980 6.23
31 Hemis National Park Jammu and Kashmir 1981 4400
32 Harike Wetland Punjab 1987 86
33 Hazaribagh National Park Jharkhand 1954 183.89
34 Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park Tamil Nadu 1989 117.10
35 Indravati National Park Chhattisgarh 1981 1258.37
36 Jaldapara National Park West Bengal 2012 216
37 Ntangki National Park Nagaland 1993 202.02
38 Kalesar National Park Haryana 2003 100.88
39 Kanha National Park Madhya Pradesh 1955 940
40 Kanger Ghati National Park Chhattisgarh 1982 200
41 Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park Andhra Pradesh 1994 1.42
42 Kaziranga National Park Assam 1905 471.71 Indian rhinoceros
43 Keibul Lamjao National Park Manipur 1977 40
44 Keoladeo National Park Rajasthan 1981 28.73
45 Khangchendzonga National Park Sikkim 1977 1784
46 Kishtwar National Park Jammu and Kashmir 1981 400
47 Kudremukh National Park Karnataka 1987 600.32
48 Madhav National Park Madhya Pradesh 1959 375.22
49 Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1983 281.50
50 Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park Andhra Pradesh 1994 14.59
51 Manas National Park Assam 1990 500
52 Mathikettan Shola National Park Kerala 2003 12.82
53 Middle Button Island National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1987 0.64
54 Mollem National Park Goa 1978 107
55 Mouling National Park Arunachal Pradesh 1986 483
56 Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary Rajasthan 1960 288.84
57 Mount Harriet National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 46.62
58 Mrugavani National Park Andhra Pradesh 3.5
59 Mudumalai National Park Tamil Nadu 1940 321.55
60 Mukurthi National Park Tamil Nadu 2001 78.46
61 Murlen National Park Mizoram 200
62 Namdapha National Park Arunachal Pradesh 1974 1985.24
63 Nameri National Park Assam 1978 137.07
64 Nanda Devi National Park Uttarakhand 1982 630.33
65 Nandankanan Zoological Park Odisha 1960 4.006
66 Navegaon National Park Maharashtra 133.88
67 Neora Valley National Park West Bengal 1986 88
68 Nokrek National Park Meghalaya 47.48
69 North Button Island National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1979 144
70 Orang National Park Assam 1999 78.81
71 Palani Hills National Park Tamil Nadu 736.87
72 Panna National Park Madhya Pradesh 1981 542.67
73 Pench National Park Madhya Pradesh 1977 758
74 Periyar National Park Kerala 1982 305
75 Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park Mizoram 1992 50
76 Pin Valley National Park Himachal Pradesh 1987 807.36
77 Rajaji National Park Uttarakhand 1983 820
78 Nagarhole National Park Karnataka 1988 643.39
79 Rani Jhansi Marine National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1996 256.14
80 Ranthambore National Park Rajasthan 1981 392
81 Saddle Peak National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 32.55
82 Salim Ali National Park Jammu and Kashmir 9.07
83 Sanjay National Park² Madhya Pradesh 1981 466.7
84 Sanjay Gandhi National Park Maharashtra 1969 104
85 Sariska Tiger Reserve Rajasthan 1955 866
86 Satpura National Park Madhya Pradesh 1981 524
87 Silent Valley National Park Kerala 1980 237
88 Sirohi National Park Manipur 1982 41.30
89 Simlipal National Park Odisha 1980 845.70
90 Singalila National Park West Bengal 1986 78.60
91 South Button Island National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 5
92 Sri Venkateswara National Park Andhra Pradesh 1989 353
93 Sultanpur National Park Haryana 1989 1.43
94 Sundarbans National Park West Bengal 1984 1330.12
95 Tadoba National Park Maharashtra 1955 625
96 Valley of Flowers National Park Uttarakhand 1982 87.50
97 Valmiki National Park Bihar 461.6
98 Papikonda National Park Andhra Pradesh 2008 1012.85

Proposed and commissioned national parks

Several new national parks have been proposed by State Governments in India, and are pending an approval, after which they will be commissioned, and demarcated. Important national parks which have already been commissioned include :

  • Qazinag National Park
  • Dharmendra National Park
  • Nagari Nath National Park

Footnotes

1The Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh parts of the Pench National Park are administered separately.

2The Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh parts of the Sanjay National Park are administered separately.

References

  • Directory of Wildlife Protected Areas in India
  • ENVIS Centre, WII, Dehradun
  • List of Proposed National Parks

External links

  • National Parks in India
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