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Neenah, Wisconsin

City of Neenah
Nickname(s): Paper City
Neenah is located in Wisconsin
Location within the state of Wisconsin
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Winnebago
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Mayor Dean R. Kaufert
 • Total 9.61 sq mi (24.89 km2)
 • Land 9.23 sq mi (23.91 km2)
 • Water 0.38 sq mi (0.98 km2)
Elevation 750 ft (230 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 25,501
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 25,763
 • Density 2,762.8/sq mi (1,066.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 54956
Area code(s) 920
Website .us.wi.neenah.ciwww

Neenah is a city in Winnebago County, Wisconsin, United States. It is situated on the banks of Lake Winnebago, Little Lake Butte des Morts, and the Fox River. The city is bordered by the Town of Neenah. The city of Neenah is the southwestern-most of the Fox Cities of northeast Wisconsin. It is the smaller of the two principal cities of the Oshkosh-Neenah, Wisconsin Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah Combined Statistical Area. Its population was 25,501 at the 2010 census. Neenah is sometimes referred to as a twin city of the City of Menasha, with which it shares Doty Island.


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
    • 2010 census 3.1
    • 2000 census 3.2
  • Economy 4
  • Culture 5
  • Notable people 6
  • Images 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9


Neenah was named by Governor James Duane Doty for the Winnebago word for "water" or "running water".[4] It was the site of a Ho-Chunk village in the late 18th century. It is Nįįňą in the Hoocąk language.[5]

The area was first designated an industrial and agricultural mission to the Menominee Indians in 1835, and early settlement by Americans of European descent began a few years later, stimulated in large part by the proximity of the area to the Fox River.[6]

A major paper mill was established here in 1873.[7] Kimberly-Clark corporation was formed here in 1872.[8]


Neenah is located at (44.174035, -88.468508).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.61 square miles (24.89 km2), of which, 9.23 square miles (23.91 km2) is land and 0.38 square miles (0.98 km2) is water.[1]


Neo-classical style Equitable Fraternal Union Building with the old City Hall clock tower behind it on S. Commercial St. (Wisconsin Highway 114).
The Neenah Public Library, the clock tower, Shattuck Park, and the Neenah Centers.

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 25,501 people, 10,694 households, and 6,700 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,762.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,066.7/km2). There were 11,313 housing units at an average density of 1,225.7 per square mile (473.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.7% White, 1.3% African American, 0.7% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 1.3% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.

There were 10,694 households of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.3% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 37.1 years. 25% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.6% were from 25 to 44; 27% were from 45 to 64; and 12.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.

2000 census

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 24,507 people, 9,834 households and 6,578 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,971.7 people per square mile (1,146.9/km²). There were 10,198 housing units at an average density of 1,236.6 per square mile (477.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.08% White, 0.34% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.86% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. 2.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Thirty-five percent of the households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,773, and the median income for a family was $55,329. Males had a median income of $39,140 versus $25,666 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,280. About 3.3% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.


Neenah hosts significant steel and paper industries. Some paper companies include Clearwater Paper, SCA Tissue, Kimberly-Clark and Neenah Paper. Kimberly-Clark was founded in Neenah and maintains significant operations there, though its headquarters moved to Irving, Texas, in the 1980s. Manhole covers manufactured at Neenah Foundry can be found throughout the central United States and parts of Europe. Another big company in Neenah is Prolamina.

Neenah is the headquarters of Plexus, a developer and manufacturer of electronic products, which also has engineering and manufacturing operations in the city. Also headquartered in Neenah are Cobblestone Hotel Group, Bemis Co, Inc., Miron Construction, Menasha Corporation, Theda Clark Hospital, Alcan Packaging, NM Transfer and Checker Logistics. Business process outsourcing organizations also contributed to the economy of the city.


Founded in 1959, Neenah's Bergstrom-Mahler Museum has a collection of glass art comprising over 3,000 pieces, concentrating in historic paperweights and Germanic glasswork.[13]

Bergstrom-Mahler Museum

Notable people



  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  4. ^ Neenah [origin of place name]
  5. ^ Physical Spatial Place. (2010, June 1). Hocąk Teaching Materials Volume 1, p. 454.
  6. ^ "City of Neenah, Wisconsin: Heritage"
  7. ^ Neenah Paper history
  8. ^ articleDictional of Wisconsin History
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  13. ^ "Inspiring Glass Stories". Bergstrom-Mahler Museum of Glass. 2014. Retrieved September 9, 2015. 
  14. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1875,' Biographical Sketch of Nathaniel S. Robinson, pg. 338

External links

  • City of Neenah
  • Neenah Public Library Local History Collection at the University of Wisconsin Digital Collections center
  • Sanborn fire insurance maps at the Wisconsin Historical Society
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