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Nelson's Band of Brothers

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Title: Nelson's Band of Brothers  
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Subject: Israel Pellew, Charles Tyler, Thomas Foley (Royal Navy officer), John Conn, Thomas Bladen Capel, Benjamin Hallowell Carew, George Blagdon Westcott, Davidge Gould, Ralph Willett Miller, Sir Thomas Thompson, 1st Baronet
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Nelson's Band of Brothers

Band of Brothers was a phrase used by Rear-Admiral Horatio Nelson to refer to the captains under his command just prior to and at the Battle of the Nile in 1798.[1] The phrase, taken from Shakespeare's Henry V, later came to be more generally applied to his relationship with the captains and men under his command, such as at the Battle of Trafalgar. The usage helped to popularise the phrase in reference to a close-knit group of fighting men.

The original Band of Brothers

One of Nelson's earliest uses of the phrase is in a letter written shortly after the Spanish entry into the war. Nelson, eager for action, had hoped to be given command of a squadron cruising off the Spanish coast, but was passed over. Dismayed he wrote of his indignation and disappointment, but added
Yet, if I know my own thoughts, it is not for myself, or on my own account chiefly, that I feel the sting and the disappointment! No! it is for my brave officers; for my noble-minded friends and comrades. Such a gallant set of fellows! Such a band of brothers! My heart swells at the thought of them![2]

Shortly afterwards, the French fleet sailed from Toulon under the command of Vice-Admiral Brueys, carrying Napoleon and a French invasion force bound for Malta and Egypt. The British commander-in-chief of the Mediterranean Fleet, Admiral Sir John Jervis reinforced Nelson with several ships of the line and sent him in search of the French. Nelson was initially unsuccessful, missing the French when they passed by, and invaded, Malta in June. They then sailed on to Egypt, and carried out a successful landing at Alexandria in early July. Nelson finally caught up with the French fleet on 1 August, anchored in Aboukir Bay. Nelson immediately prepared an attack, taking the French by surprise, and won a decisive victory, capturing or burning most of the fleet.[3]

The Nile captains

Under Nelson's command at this time were:

Commander Ship Notes
Capt. Edward Berry Vanguard Nelson's flag captain
Capt. Alexander Ball Alexander
Capt. Davidge Gould Audacious
Capt. Henry D'Esterre Darby Bellerophon
Capt. Thomas Troubridge Culloden
Capt. John Peyton Defence
Capt. Thomas Foley Goliath
Capt. George Blagdon Westcott Majestic Killed during the battle
Capt. Thomas Louis Minotaur
Capt. Sir James Saumarez Orion Nelson's second in command
Capt. Benjamin Hallowell Swiftsure
Capt. Ralph Willet Miller Theseus
Capt. Samuel Hood Zealous
Capt. Thomas Boulden Thompson Leander
Lt. Thomas Hardy Mutine

Of the brothers, Nelson had already served alongside several. Miller had been his flag captain at Cape St Vincent, where Troubridge had also commanded a ship. The Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife some months later reunited Miller and Troubridge, whilst Captains Hood and Thompson were also present.[3]

After the battle Nelson wrote a number of letters and dispatches, often using the term 'band of brothers' to refer to those who had fought alongside him. To his commanding officer, Lord St Vincent, he wrote, referring to Alexander Ball,
His activity and zeal are eminently conspicuous even amongst the Band of Brothers - each, as I may have occasion to mention them, must call forth my gratitude and admiration.[3]
He wrote another dispatch whilst at Naples on 8 January 1799 to Earl Howe, declaring 'I had the happiness to command a Band of Brothers...'[4]

Tactics and later brothers

Nelson's ability to inspire his captains, and to leave them free to fight their ships as they believed best in the heat of the battle was linked to his description of the captains as his 'band of brothers', and later came to be referred in a general manner to those under his command later in his career. His close consultation with them prior to actions was considered an important factor. When describing the preparations for Trafalgar, the Cambridge History of Warfare remarked '...Nelson consulted regularly with his captains until that 'band of brothers' understood his goals and methods...'.[5] Describing one of these conferences Nelson himself wrote
[W]hen I came to explain to them the 'Nelson Touch', it was like an electric shock. Some shed tears, all approved...and from Admirals downwards it was repeated - 'It must succeed, if ever they allow us to get at them! You are, my Lord, surrounded by friends whom you inspire with confidence.'[5]
Of the officers who served with him at the Nile, 13 would later reach flag rank. The exceptions were Westcott, killed during the battle, and Miller, who was killed during an accidental explosion aboard his ship in 1799.[3] Some of the surviving brothers would serve under Nelson again. At the Battle of Copenhagen in 1801, Hardy had command of his own ship, whilst Foley was Nelson's flag captain. Thompson was also present, losing a leg in the action. Hardy was Nelson's flag captain aboard HMS Victory at Trafalgar, where Berry also commanded a ship.[3]

Legacy

Nelson's inspirational and motivational abilities became the subject of later study.[6] Some analysts see the 'band of brothers' as 'implying social equality in the service of the country.'[6] The phrase 'band of brothers' has continued to be popular as a reference to a close-knit community, usually of military figures.

Notes

References

External links

  • Horatio Nelson's Band of Brothers
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