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Nemėžis

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Title: Nemėžis  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Lipka Tatars, Vilnius County, Elektrėnai Municipality, Karmazinai, Pabradė
Collection: Lipka Tatars, Villages in Vilnius County, Vilnius District Municipality
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Nemėžis

Nemėžis
Village
Tatar mosque in the Tatar cemetery of Nemėžis
Tatar mosque in the Tatar cemetery of Nemėžis
Nemėžis is located in Lithuania
Nemėžis
Nemėžis
Location of Nemėžis
Coordinates:
Country  Lithuania
County Vilnius County
Municipality Vilnius district municipality
Eldershhip Nemėžis eldership
Capital of Nemėžis eldership
First mentioned 1496
Population (2001)
 • Total 2,601
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Nemėžis (Polish: Niemież) is a village in the Vilnius district municipality, Lithuania. It is located south-east of Vilnius along a railway.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Lipka Tatars 2
  • Nemėžis estate 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

It is believed that there was a castle in Nemėžis during the reign of Vytautas the Great (1392–1430). The settlement was first mentioned in written sources in 1496 when Grand Duke of Lithuania Alexander Jagiellon welcomed his future wife Helena of Moscow here.[1]

On 3 November 1656, the Truce of Vilna between Tsardom of Russia and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth was signed in the Nemėžis estate, then owned by Lew Sapieha.

Lipka Tatars

Nemėžis is one of several Lithuanian settlements where Lipka Tatars live. Brought as prisoners of war, Tatars were allowed to settle here in 1397 after Vytautas' expeditions against the Golden Horde (see the Battle of Blue Waters). Up until this day they have preserved their traditions and Islamic religion. At first Tatars served as personal guards for the Grand Duke of Lithuania, but later took up more civil professions: breeding horses, tanning, gardening. Eventually Tatars became known as excellent gardeners, growing eggplants, tomatoes, and other vegetables.[2] Even today Nemėžis is known for its numerous greenhouses.[2]

The first wooden mosque in Nemėžis was built in 1684. It burned down but a new one was built in 1909. During the Soviet times it was turned into a warehouse. After Lithuania declared independence, the mosque was returned to the community and it continues to be used for religious services. In 1993 it was restored. It is used for prayer only on Fridays, young moon. On that occasion a mullah comes from Vilnius. Nemėžis mosque is one of four operational mosques in Lithuania. Nemėžis also has an operational Tatar cemetery and a Tatar school.[2]

Nemėžis estate

Nemėžis estate in 2007

The Nemėžis estate, located approximately 1 km outside the village, was established in the 16th century. At first it belonged to the Pac family, but changed hands frequently. Its owners at different times were the Radziwiłł family, Jan Kazimierz Sapieha, Jan Karol Chodkiewicz, Lew Sapieha, and the Ogiński family. Until the 19th century the manor was of a wooden construction. In 1828 the place was bought by the Tyszkiewicz family and Michał Tyszkiewicz rebuilt the manor in bricks in 1836–1856. The park of the estate was destroyed while building a road, connecting Vilnius with Minsk.

References

  1. ^ "Nemėžio dvaras". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  2. ^ a b c Daraškevičius, Rytis (2007-08-06). "Totoriai Lietuvoje".  

External links

  • (Lithuanian) Nemėžis village
  • (Lithuanian) Nemėžis manor and the park
  • (Lithuanian) Nemėžis tatar community website
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