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Neurotypical

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Neurotypical

Neurotypical or NT, an abbreviation of neurologically typical, is a neologism originating in the autistic community as a label for people who are not on the autism spectrum.[1] However, the term eventually became narrowed to refer to those with strictly typical neurology. In other words, this refers to anyone who does not have any developmental disabilities such as autism, dyslexia, developmental coordination disorder, or ADHD. The term was later adopted by both the neurodiversity movement and the scientific community.[2][3][4]

Neurotypical has been replaced by some with "allistic", or "nypical"[5] which has the same meaning as "neurotypical" did originally.[6] That is, these terms refer to those who are not autistic, even if they are neurologically atypical in some other way, such as having dyslexia.

The National Autistic Society of the United Kingdom recommends the use of the term "neurotypical" in its advice to journalists.[7]

References

  1. ^ Sinclair, Jim (1998). "A note about language and abbreviations". Archived from the original on June 6, 2006. Retrieved January 31, 2015. 
  2. ^ Hare, D. J.; Jones, S.; Evershed, K. (November 2006). "A comparative study of circadian rhythm functioning and sleep in people with Asperger syndrome". Autism 10 (6): 565–575.  
  3. ^ O’Connor, K.; Hamm, J. P.; Kirk, I. J. (October 2005). "The neurophysiological correlates of face processing in adults and children with Asperger's syndrome" (PDF).  
  4. ^ Myles, Brenda Smith; Huggins, Abigail; Rome-Lake, Maleia; Hagiwara, Taku; Barnhill, Gena P.; Griswold, Deborah E. (December 2003). "Written language profile of children and youth with Asperger syndrome: From research to practice" (PDF). Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities 38 (4): 362–369. 
  5. ^ Robison, John Elder (2011). Be Different: My Adventures with Asperger's and My Advice for Fellow Aspergians, Misfits, Families, and Teachers (1st ed.). New York: Broadway Paperbacks.  
  6. ^ Cashin, A.; Sci, D. A. (2006). "Two terms—one meaning: the conundrum of contemporary nomenclature in autism". Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing 19 (3): 137–144.  
  7. ^ "How to talk about autism".  
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