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New Cumberland, West Virginia

New Cumberland, West Virginia
City
Oliver S. Marshall House
Location of New Cumberland, West Virginia
Location of New Cumberland, West Virginia
Coordinates:
Country United States
State West Virginia
County Hancock
Area[1]
 • Total 1.86 sq mi (4.82 km2)
 • Land 1.22 sq mi (3.16 km2)
 • Water 0.64 sq mi (1.66 km2)
Elevation 722 ft (220 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,103
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,087
 • Density 904.1/sq mi (349.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 26047
Area code(s) 304
FIPS code 54-58372[4]
GNIS feature ID 1555205[5]

New Cumberland is a city in and the county seat of Hancock County, West Virginia, United States,[6] along the Ohio River. It is part of the Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, a subsection of the Pittsburgh Tri-State. The population was 1,103 as of the 2010 census. It was also known historically as Cuppy Town and Vernon.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Demographics 3
    • 2010 census 3.1
    • 2000 census 3.2
  • Notable people 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

History

Clay mines in New Cumberland, 1907

In 1900, 2,198 people lived in New Cumberland; in 1910, 1,807; and in 2000, 1,099. Local industry in the past involved the manufacture of fire and paving brick, sewer pipe, glassware, foundry and machine-shop products, and tiling. There were also coal mines and mills for the pulverization of fire clay for use in ironworks.

The First National Bank-Graham Building and Marshall House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[7]

Geography

Clifton Sewer Pipe yard, 1907

New Cumberland is located at (40.499146, -80.607960).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.86 square miles (4.82 km2), of which, 1.22 square miles (3.16 km2) is land and 0.64 square miles (1.66 km2) is water.[1] Due to the relative proximity of the Ohio River, New Cumberland has been the victim of several floods. Notable floods include 1959, where approximately 60 families were evacuated.[9]

Climate

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, New Cumberland has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[10]

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,103 people, 526 households, and 289 families residing in the city. The population density was 904.1 inhabitants per square mile (349.1/km2). There were 583 housing units at an average density of 477.9 per square mile (184.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.6% White, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 526 households of which 21.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.1% were non-families. 40.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.83.

The median age in the city was 47.3 years. 18.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22% were from 25 to 44; 32.6% were from 45 to 64; and 20.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,099 people, 513 households, and 286 families residing in the city. The population density was 897.6 people per square mile (347.8/km²). There were 568 housing units at an average density of 463.9 per square mile (179.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.27% White, 0.27% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.09% of the population.

There were 513 households out of which 20.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.1% were non-families. 39.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city the population was spread out with 19.1% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 21.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 84.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,529, and the median income for a family was $37,589. Males had a median income of $30,625 versus $20,536 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,109. About 6.2% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

New Cumberland
New Cumberland

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  9. ^ http://www.laurelhollowpark.net/elo/newcumberlandwv-p2.html
  10. ^ Climate Summary for New Cumberland, West Virginia
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
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