World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

New Zealand one-dollar coin

Article Id: WHEBN0021276285
Reproduction Date:

Title: New Zealand one-dollar coin  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: New Zealand two-dollar coin, New Zealand five-cent coin, New Zealand one-cent coin, New Zealand two-cent coin, New Zealand one hundred-dollar note
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

New Zealand one-dollar coin

One dollar
New Zealand
Value 1.00 New Zealand dollars
Mass 8.00 g
Diameter 23.00 mm
Thickness 2.74 mm
Edge Intermittently milled
Composition Copper-Aluminium-Nickel (Cu 92%, Al 6%, Ni 2%)
Years of minting 1990 - present
Catalog number -
Design Elizabeth II, Queen of New Zealand
Designer Ian Rank-Broadley
Design date 1999
Design A kiwi surrounded by silver fern fronds
Designer Robert Maurice Conly
Design date 1990

The New Zealand one-dollar coin ($1) is a coin of the New Zealand dollar. The current circulating coin was introduced on 11 February 1991 to replace the existing $1 note. There had previously been occasional issues of commemorative "silver dollars", but they are rarely seen in circulation.

The depiction of a kiwi on the reverse helps give the New Zealand dollar the colloquial name "Kiwi (dollar)", although the term was in use before the $1 coin was introduced.

Current circulating coin (1991 - present)

The current coin replaced the New Zealand one dollar note in use since New Zealand's currency was decimalised on 10 July 1967. The reason for replacing the note was due to inflation making the note more expensive to produce, and notes had to be replaced regularly due to wear and tear. The $1 coins, and $2 coins, were first minted in 1990 but circulated in 1991. The $1 notes were withdrawn later that year.

The new $1 coin was made of aluminium bronze, and was 23.0 mm in diameter, 2.74 mm thick, and 8.0 g in weight.[1] The edge of the coin consisted of eight sections, alternating between milling and plain sections. The reverse of the coin was designed by Robert Maurice Conly,[2] and depicted two symbols of New Zealand: a kiwi facing left in the centre, surrounded by four fronds of the silver fern (Cyathea dealbata). Both the kiwi and the silver ferns sat above the legend reading the denomination "ONE DOLLAR". The obverse consisted of Raphael Maklouf's portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, the Queen of New Zealand, with the legend reading "ELIZABETH II NEW ZEALAND [year of minting]".

In 1999, the obverse of all new $1 coins was changed with the addition of Ian Rank-Broadley's portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, and the legend was rearranged to read "NEW ZEALAND ELIZABETH II [year of minting]".

In 2006 the Reserve Bank of New Zealand replaced the 10c, 20c and 50c coins in circulation with smaller, lighter ones, and removed the 5c coin from circulation. The $1 remained the same as it was relatively new (the oldest $1 coins were only 14 years old), they circulated well, and the extra expense of adapting machines that only took $1 coins. Another reason for the change in size was that the 10c and $1 coin were very similar in size, being only 0.62 mm different in diameter.


Year Coins minted[3]
1990 40,000,000
1991 10,000,000
1992-99 none
2000 5,000,000
2001 none
2002 8,000,000
2003 4,000,000
2004 2,700,000
2005 2,000,000
2006-07 none
2008 11,000,000
2009 none
2010 10,000,000
Total 92,700,000


  1. ^ "New Zealand coinage specification".  
  2. ^ "History of New Zealand coinage".  
  3. ^ "Mintings of New Zealand coins".  

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.