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Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen

Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen
Background information
Also known as NHØP, The Great Dane with
the Never-Ending Name
Born (1946-05-27)27 May 1946
Osted, Zealand, Denmark
Died 19 April 2005(2005-04-19) (aged 58)
Ishøj, Zealand
Genres Jazz, bebop, hard bop, avant-garde jazz
Occupation(s) Musician, composer
Instruments Upright bass
Years active 1960s–2005
Associated acts Archie Shepp, Ben Webster

Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen (Danish pronunciation: , 27 May 1946 – 19 April 2005) was a Danish jazz upright bassist known for his technique and musical approach.[1][2]

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Death 2
  • Honors 3
  • Discography 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Biography

Ørsted Pedersen was born in upright bass and at the age of 14, while studying, he began his professional jazz career in Denmark with his first band, Jazzkvintet 60 (Danish for 'Jazz Quintet 60'). By the age of fifteen, he had the ability to accompany leading musicians at nightclubs, working regularly at Copenhagen's Jazzhus Montmartre, after his debut there on New Year's Eve 1961, when he was only 15. When seventeen, he had already turned down an offer to join the Count Basie orchestra, mainly because he was too young to get legal permission to live and work as a musician in the United States.

The Montmartre was a regular stop-off for touring American Jazz stars, and as a member of the house band, the young Ørsted Pedersen performed with saxophonists such as Sonny Rollins, Dexter Gordon, Rahsaan Roland Kirk and Stan Getz, and pianist Bill Evans, with whom he toured in Europe in 1965. During the 1960s, Ørsted Pedersen played with a series of other important American jazzmen who were touring or resident in Denmark, including Ben Webster,[3] Brew Moore, Bud Powell, Count Basie, Roy Eldridge, Dizzy Gillespie, Jackie McLean, and vocalist Ella Fitzgerald. He also played with Jean-Luc Ponty, and became the bassist of choice whenever a big-name musician was touring Copenhagen.

He was awarded Best Bass Player of the Year by Downbeat Critics' Poll in 1981.[4]

Ørsted Pedersen worked in duo and trio arrangements with pianist Kenny Drew, recording over 50 albums together. He also worked with Stéphane Grappelli and Joe Pass and recorded extensively as a leader. His best known songs are "My Little Anna", "Jaywalkin'", and "The Puzzle", as well as jazz arrangements of traditional Danish folk songs. A duo performance with Rune Gustafsson at Vossajazz 1980, concluded on the album Just The Way You Are on the label Sonet Gramofon, recorded half a year after this first meeting. He was awarded the Nordic Council Music Prize in 1991. This was the first time this prize for composition was awarded to a performing musician, and this must be ascribed to his great international standing. He was presumably the most sought-after Danish instrumentalist internationally ever, and has travelled and recorded with a series of the greatest jazz soloists internationally.

Ørsted Pedersen also had a particular ability to interpret Danish songs and folk melodies. He often played within trio ensembles, partly collectively with the trumpeter Kenneth Knudsen, and partly under his own name, usually with guitarists like Philip Catherine and Ulf Wakenius. In 1999, he co-led a duo with pianist Mulgrew Miller, touring Europe, Japan, Australia, and Korea. This format was later enlarged into a trio featuring drummer, Alvin Queen. This trio remained intact until Pedersen's death.[1]

Death

Ørsted Pedersen died of heart failure in 2005 at the age of 58 in Copenhagen, Denmark. He was survived by his wife, Solveig, and his three children.[5] Oscar Peterson wrote:

After hearing this phenomenal talent on bass, I realized that somehow, someday we should meet, thereby giving me the opportunity to also play with him. This vision and thought took place in the early 1970s, when I was fortunate enough to be able to invite him to join my then trio.

Allow me to express my reaction to his playing this way: First and foremost, he never got in my way--but he also had such a great musical perception of what I was trying to do that he served to greatly inspire me from a spontaneous aspect. I came off walking on Cloud 3000 that evening because of Niels' musical contribution. He had the most phenomenal technique, coupled with incredible harmonic perception, along with impeccable time. I shall never forget that evening.

Almost from that evening on, we became very close friends, not just musically but most certainly personally, for I developed a great admiration for the depth of Niels' political, geographical and personal understandings. He was a man who had an almost unbelievable wealth of historic cognizance pertaining to European history. He also had a very kindred spirit as a human being, always able to easily make good friends, should he care to do so.

Oscar Peterson, writing in Jazztimes.[6]

Honors

  • 1974: Grammy Award. Best Jazz Performance by a Group, The Trio - Oscar Peterson, Joe Pass and Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen
  • 1981: Best Bass Player of the Year by Downbeat Critics' Poll[4]
  • 1991: Nordic Council Music Prize

Discography

As leader

  • 1976: Jaywalkin' (SteepleChase)
  • 1976: Double Bass (SteepleChase) with Sam Jones
  • 1976: Pictures (SteepleChase), with Kenneth Knudsen
  • 1979: Dancing on the Tables (SteepleChase)
  • 1981: Just The Way You Are (Sonet), with Rune Gustafsson
  • 1983: The Viking (Pablo), with Philip Catherine
  • 1984: The Eternal Traveller (Pablo Records)
  • 1992: Scandinavian Wood (Caprice Records)
  • 1992: Uncharted Land (Pladecompagniet)
  • 1993: Ambiance (Dacapo)
  • 1993: To A Brother (Pladekompagniet), NHØP Trio including with Ulf Wakenius & Adam Nussbaum
  • 1995: Scandinavian Wood (Caprice Records)
  • 1996: Those Who Were (Polygram)
  • 1997: Friends Forever (Milestone)
  • 1998: This Is All I Ask (Verve)
  • 1998: In The Name of Music (BMG Denmark), NHØP & Trio Rococo
  • 2005: Friends Forever (Sony BMG Music Entertainment Denmark), compilation
  • 2007: The Unforgettable NHØP Trio Live (ACT Music), including with Ulf Wakenius & Jonas Johansen

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Bassisten Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen er død" (in Danish).  
  2. ^ Yanow, Scott. "Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen". Biography.  
  3. ^ "Ørsted Pedersen Recording With Ben Webster 1965–71". Danish National Library, statsbiblioteket.dk. Retrieved 2010-10-13. 
  4. ^ a b "1981 DownBeat Critics Poll". Downbeat.com. 31 August 1981. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  5. ^ "N-H. Orsted Pedersen, 58, Bassist in Danish Jazz Scene, Dies" (21 April 2005) New York Times
  6. ^ Peterson, Oscar (2006). "Niels-Henning Orsted Pedersen (5.27.46–4.19.05)". Jazztimes.com. Retrieved 2010-12-09. 

References

  • "Scandinavian Wood": The musical career of Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen in the light of his discography by Jørgen Mathiasen. Books on Demand 2010. ISBN 978-3-8423-5157-8.

External links

  • Niels-Henning Orsted Pedersen – Danish virtuoso bassist who kept pace with Oscar Peterson by John Fordham, 21 May 2005, at The Guardian
  • Profile and discography at allmusic.com
  • Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen Autumn Leaves on YouTube
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