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Nixon goes to China

Richard Nixon (right) meets with Mao Zedong in 1972.

The phrase "Nixon goes to China", "Nixon to China", or "Nixon in China"[1] is a historical reference to United States President Richard Nixon's 1972 visit to the People's Republic of China, where he met with Chairman Mao Zedong. The metaphor is often expressed as the observation "Only Nixon could go to China" or "It took Nixon to go to China".

As a political metaphor, it refers to the ability of a politician with an unassailable reputation among his or her supporters for representing and defending their values to take actions that would draw their criticism and even opposition if taken by someone without those credentials. Although the example is that of a hardliner taking steps toward peace with a traditional enemy, and this is the most common application of the metaphor, it could also be applied to a reputedly cautious diplomat defying expectations by taking military action, or a political leader reforming aspects of the political system of which they have been strong supporters.

Contents

  • Context 1
  • Popular culture 2
  • Similar historical events 3
  • References 4

Context

Nixon's visit to China was of particular significance because it marked the beginning of a process of thawing in Sino-American relations — the two countries had been estranged for many years, as the U.S. was ardently anti-Communist and refused to recognize its government (maintaining relations with the anticommunist Republic of China in Taiwan to that point), and China had viewed the United States as its top enemy. Because Nixon had an undisputed reputation of being a staunch anti-Communist, he was largely immune to any criticism of being "soft on Communism" by figures on the Right-wing politics of American politics.

The phrase originated prior to Nixon's actual visit to China. An early use of the phrase is found in a December 1971 U.S. News & World Report interview with then-United States Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield, in a section summary lead that read "'Only a Nixon' Could Go to China". The actual quote from Mansfield (which he prefaces by noting he had heard it said before) was "Only a Republican, perhaps only a Nixon, could have made this break and gotten away with it."[2]

Popular culture

A popular use of the expression came in the 1991 film Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country, where "only Nixon could go to China" is quoted by Spock as "an old Vulcan proverb". In the context of the film, it is given as a reason why James T. Kirk, a character with a history of armed conflict with the Klingons and a personal enmity for them, should escort their chancellor to Earth for peace negotiations with the Federation.

Similar historical events

References

  1. ^ Naím, Moisés (September 1, 2003). "Berlusconi Goes to China". Foreign Policy. Retrieved September 8, 2011. 
  2. ^ "A Size-Up of President Nixon: Interview with Mike Mansfield, Senate Democratic Leader".  
  3. ^ The Presidents- Andrew Johnson to Arthur 1865–1885.  
  4. ^ Karabell, Zachary (2004). Chester Alan Arthur. The American Presidents Series. New York: Times Books – via Google Books. 
  5. ^ a b c Elkin, Larry M. (September 12, 2011). "On Social Security, A Nixon-To-China Moment". Wall Street Pit. 
  6. ^ Greenway, HDS (April 28, 2009). "Hitting the 'Reset' Button". GlobalPost. 
  7. ^ Sunstein, Cass R. (October 8, 2012). "In Praise of Turncoats, Richard Nixon to John Roberts". Bloomberg. 
  8. ^ Hoagland, Jim (September 14, 2002). "Bush Delivers on All Counts in Speech, Now It's Up to UN". Eugene Register-Guard – via  
  9. ^ Chapman, Steve (February 17, 2007). "George W. Bush's 'Nixon to China' Moment".  
  10. ^ "American's Nuclear Deal with India: Time to Decide".  
  11. ^ Krauthammer, Charles (June 28, 2012). "Why Roberts Did It".  
  12. ^ Luers, William H.; Pickering, Thomas R. (Feb 3, 2012). "Envisioning a Deal With Iran".  
  13. ^ Hirsh, Michael (Nov 24, 2013). "The Iran Deal: Is This Nixon Goes to China? Could be…".  
  14. ^ Smith, Noah (Sep 9, 2014). "Obama Should Play Nixon and Go to Iran".  
  15. ^ Ganji, Akbar (March 9, 2015). "Obama's 'Nixon Goes to China' Moment?".  
  16. ^ Musfan, Steven (March 14, 2015). "Is Obama’s Iran overture like Nixon’s opening to China?".  
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