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Nizhnekolymsky District

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Title: Nizhnekolymsky District  
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Subject: Administrative divisions of the Sakha Republic, Haplogroup A (mtDNA), Haplogroup D (mtDNA), Chersky (settlement), Haplogroup Y (mtDNA), Haplogroup G (mtDNA), Allaikhovsky District, Srednekolymsky District
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Nizhnekolymsky District

Nizhnekolymsky District
Нижнеколымский улус (Russian)
Аллараа Халыма улууhа (Sakha)

Location of Nizhnekolymsky District in the Sakha Republic

Coordinates: 71°25′N 136°10′E / 71.417°N 136.167°E / 71.417; 136.167Coordinates: 71°25′N 136°10′E / 71.417°N 136.167°E / 71.417; 136.167

Coat of arms
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative structure (as of June 2009)
Administrative center settlement of Chersky[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Settlements 1
Rural okrugs 3
Inhabited localities:[2]
Urban-type settlements 1
Rural localities 12
Municipal structure (as of December 2008)
Municipally incorporated as Nizhnekolymsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[4]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 3
Statistics
Area (June 2009) 87,100 km2 (33,600 sq mi)[2]
Population (2010 Census) 4,664 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 61.3%
- Rural 38.7%
Density 0.05 /km2 (0.13 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone MAGT (UTC+12:00)[7]
Established May 20, 1931[8]

Nizhnekolymsky District (Russian: Нижнеколы́мский улу́с; Sakha: Аллараа Халыма улууһа) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion, or ulus), one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the republic and borders with Allaikhovsky District in the west, Srednekolymsky District in the south, and with Bilibinsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in the east. The area of the district is 87,100 square kilometers (33,600 sq mi).[2] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a settlement) of Chersky.[2] Population: 5,932 (2002 Census);[9] 13,692 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Chersky accounts for 61.3% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography

The district is washed by the East Siberian Sea in the north. The main river in the district is the Kolyma. Other rivers include the Alazeya and the Chukochya. There are many lakes in the district, among them Lake Nerpichye, Lake Chukochye, Lake Bolshoye Morshoye, and Lake Ilyrgyttyn.

Climate

Average January temperature ranges from −32 °C (−26 °F) in the north to −38 °C (−36 °F) in the south and average July temperature ranges from +4 °C (39 °F) in the north to +12 °C (54 °F) in the south.[8] Annual precipitation is 150–200 millimeters (5.9–7.9 in).[8]

History

The district was established on May 20, 1931.[8]

Demographics

As of the 1989 Census, the ethnic composition was as follows:[8]

Economy

The economy of the district is mostly based on agriculture and fishing.[8]

References

Notes

Sources

  • Верховный Совет Республики Саха (Якутия). 4 апреля 1992 г. «Конституция (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Конституционного закона №1077-З №1035-IV от 8 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Конституцию (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)». Опубликован: "Якутские ведомости", №7, 26 апреля 1992 г. (Supreme Council of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. April 4, 1992 Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Constitutional Law #1077-Z No. 1035-IV of June 8, 2012 On Amending and Supplementing the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ).

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