World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

No. 302 Polish Fighter Squadron

No. 302 (City of Poznan) Polish Fighter Squadron
Active 13 July 1940 – 18 December 1946
Country United Kingdom
Allegiance Polish Government in exile
Branch Royal Air Force
Role Fighter and escort
Part of RAF Fighter Command
Nickname(s) Dywizjon Myśliwski "Poznański"
Aircraft Hawker Hurricane
Supermarine Spitfire
North American P-51 Mustang
Engagements Battle of Britain
Mopping-up over France
Defence of Exeter
Convoy escort
Operation Jubilee
Bomber escort
Battle of Normandy
Crossing the Rhine
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Wacław Król
Insignia
Squadron Codes WX (Oct 1941 - Jan 1945)
QH (Jan 1945 - Dec 1946)

No. 302 (City of Poznan) Polish Fighter Squadron RAF (Polish: 302 Dywizjon Myśliwski "Poznański") was a Polish fighter squadron formed in Great Britain as part of an agreement between the Polish Government in Exile and the United Kingdom in 1940. It was one of several Polish fighter squadrons fighting alongside the Royal Air Force during World War II.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Commanders 2
  • Aircraft operated 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
    • Notes 5.1
    • Bibliography 5.2
  • External links 6

History

It inherited the traditions, along with the emblem and a large part of the initial crew, of the pre-war Polish III/3 Fighter Squadron composed of the 131st and 132nd Fighter Escadrilles.

The Squadron was one of the four Polish-cored Royal Air Force squadrons that participated in the Battle of Britain. It consisted mostly of Polish pilots, many of whom were veterans. The backbone of the squadron was formed by 13 pilots who served with the I/145 Polish Fighter Squadron and were evacuated from France during the last stages of the German invasion of France.

The squadron was formed on 10 July 1940. They piloted some Hawker Hurricanes and were put under the No. 12 Group RAF. As the combat became more fierce, the 302 was moved to RAF Duxford, north of London, where the squadron operated from 14 September through 25 September. Having enjoyed some success on East Coast patrols following the Battle of Britiain, No. 302 Squadron re-located to RAF Jurby, Isle of Man, where they commenced night flying training and low level work. At some point afterwards the squadron operated from Chailey. On 11 June 1944, 302 became the first Polish Squadron to land in France, five days after D-Day. It was fighting as part of No. 131 Polish Fighter Wing when its airfield was attacked by Jagdgeschwader 1 during Operation Bodenplatte in January 1945.

No. 302 Polish Squadron lost 20 pilots killed, 12 missing and 9 taken prisoners, 63 aircraft destroyed and 43 damaged by the enemy’s air defense.

It was disbanded on 18 December 1946,[1][2] at RAF Hethel.[3] A replica Hurricane in 302 squadron markings is the gate guardian at the Imperial War Museum Duxford.

Commanders

  • overall general command (British) 13 July 1940 - Squadron Leader William A. J. Satchell
  • 1 January 1941 S/Ldr (kpt.) Piotr Łaguna
  • 13 July 1940 - S/Ldr (mjr) Mieczysław Mümler
  • 7 December 1940 - S/Ldr (kpt.) Piotr Łaguna
  • 19 May 1941 - F/Lt (kpt.) (15 June 1941 - Acting S/Ldr) Stefan Witorzeńc
  • 28 November 1941 - S/Ldr (kpt.) Julian Kowalski
  • 25 August 1942 - S/Ldr (kpt.) Stanisław Łapka
  • 16 May 1943 - S/Ldr (kpt.) Wieczysław Barański
  • 18 October 1943 - S/Ldr (kpt.) Wacław Król
  • 7 July 1944 - S/Ldr (kpt.) Marian Duryasz
  • 30 January 1945 - S/Ldr (kpt.) Zygmunt Bieńkowski
  • 24 February 1945 - S/Ldr (kpt.) Ignacy Olszewski
  • 24 March 1945 - S/Ldr (kpt.) Bolesław Kaczmarek
  • 1 August 1945 - S/Ldr (kpt.) Jerzy Szymankiewicz (until disbanding)

Aircraft operated

Aircraft[1][2][3]
From To Aircraft Version
July 1940 March 1941 Hawker Hurricane Mk.I
March 1941 May 1941 Hawker Hurricane Mk.IIa
May 1941 July 1941 Hawker Hurricane Mk.I
July 1941 October 1941 Hawker Hurricane Mk.IIb
October 1941 September 1943 Supermarine Spitfire Mks.Vb, Vc
September 1943 February 1945 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IX
February 1945 December 1946 Supermarine Spitfire Mk.XVI

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b Halley 1988, p. 356.
  2. ^ a b Rawlings 1978, pp. 388-389.
  3. ^ a b Jefford 2001, p. 86.

Bibliography

  • Cynk, Jerzy B. The Polish Air Force at War: The Official History, 1939-1943. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing, 1998. ISBN 0-7643-0559-X.
  • Cynk, Jerzy B. The Polish Air Force at War: The Official History, 1943-1945. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing, 1998. ISBN 0-7643-0560-3.
  • Gretzyngier, Robert. Poles in Defence of Britain: A Day-by-Day Chronology of Polish Day and Night Fighter Operations, July 1940 - June 1941. London: Grub Street, 2001. ISBN 1-902304-54-3.
  • Gretzyngier, Robert. Polskie Skrzydła 4: Hawker Hurricane, część 1 (in Polish). Sandomierz, Poland: Stratus, 2005. ISBN 83-89450-37-2.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918 -1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G. MBE, BA, RAF (Retd.). RAF Squadrons, A Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1998 (Second edition 2001). ISBN 978-1-84037-141-3.
  • Lisiewcz, M. et al. Destiny Can Wait: The Polish Air Force in the Second World War. Nashville, Tennessee: Battery Press, 1988. ISBN 0-89839-113-X.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 1969 (new edition 1976, reprinted 1978). ISBN 0-354-01028-X.
  • Zamoyski, Adam. The Forgotten Few: The Polish Air Force in the Second World War. New York: Hippocrene Books Inc., 1995. ISBN 978-0-7818-0421-9.

External links

  • [2]
  • Photo Gallery of 302 Squadron
  • Personnel of the Polish Air Force in Great Britain 1940-1947
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.