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Nok and Mamproug Cave Dwellings

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Title: Nok and Mamproug Cave Dwellings  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Caves, List of caves in Belize, List of caves in Lebanon, List of caves in Switzerland, Speleogenesis
Collection: Cave Dwellings, Togolese Culture
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Nok and Mamproug Cave Dwellings

Located in the Tandjouaré Prefecture in the Savanes Region of northern Togo, Africa, the caves of Nôk and Mamproug contain shelter and refuge structures built between the 17th and 19th centuries mainly for defensive purposes.[1]


  • Site description 1
  • World Heritage status 2
  • Archaeology 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5

Site description

In total, the caves contain over 300 structures: roughly 134 structures in Nôk, 113 in Mamproug and 70 in Bopak. The structures, mostly cylindrical and oblong in shape, open upwards and can stand two and a half meters high. Mostly made from local materials such as clay, straw, and stones, the structures allow their builders to protect their precious crop harvest from being plundered. The Konkomba, Moba, and Mamprussi are among the peoples are believed to be the builders of the cave structures.

World Heritage status

This site was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on December 12, 2000 in the Cultural category.[2]


Still intact upon discovery, the caves contained many specimens of bows, arrows, and quivers.


  1. ^ Les Greniers des Grottes de Nok et de Mamproug - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  2. ^ Les Greniers des Grottes de Nok et de Mamproug - UNESCO World Heritage Centre


  • Les Greniers des Grottes de Nok et de Mamproug - UNESCO World Heritage Centre Accessed 2009-02-26.
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