World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

North East Derbyshire

Article Id: WHEBN0000352461
Reproduction Date:

Title: North East Derbyshire  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Derbyshire, East Midlands, Dronfield, Barlow, Derbyshire, Brackenfield
Collection: Local Government Districts of the East Midlands, Local Government in Derbyshire, Non-Metropolitan Districts of Derbyshire
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

North East Derbyshire

North East Derbyshire District
Shown within Derbyshire
Shown within Derbyshire
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region East Midlands
Ceremonial county Derbyshire
Admin. HQ Wingerworth
 • Type North East Derbyshire District Council
 • Leadership: Leader & Cabinet
 • Executive: Liberal Democrat (council NOC)
 • MPs: Natascha Engel, Dennis Skinner
 • Total 16.14 sq mi (41.81 km2)
Area rank 285th
Population (mid-2014 est.)
 • Total 63,176
 • Rank Ranked 309th
 • Density 3,900/sq mi (1,500/km2)
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) British Summer Time (UTC+1)
ONS code 17UJ (ONS)
E07000038 (GSS)
Ethnicity 98.9% White

North East Derbyshire is a local government district in Derbyshire, England. It borders the districts of Chesterfield, Bolsover, Amber Valley and Derbyshire Dales in Derbyshire, and Sheffield and Rotherham in South Yorkshire. The district council is now a non-constituent partner member of the Sheffield City Region Combined Authority.

The council's head office was originally based outside the district, in the town of Chesterfield, which the district surrounds on three sides, and thus acts as the shopping and work centre for much of the district. However the council relocated to District Council Offices, Mill Lane, Wingerworth, within its own administrative area, in April 2015.

Settlements in the district include:

The district was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972. It was a merger of the Clay Cross and Dronfield urban districts along with all but one parish of Chesterfield Rural District.

Coal mining

The district, along with the district of Bolsover and much of the surrounding area of South Yorkshire, was a major producer of coal when a large seam was discovered during the building of the Clay Cross railway tunnel. Coal mining became the main industry of the region. During the 1980s the Conservative government closed down many of the mines after a dispute between the government and the National Union of Mineworkers, which is known as the miners' strike.

The strike began when the government reneged on previous declarations and announced the closure of the majority of pits due to unprofitability and inefficiency. The strike lasted for a year between 1984 and 1985. The strike was observed by approximately 70% of miners in North East Derbyshire. It caused massive social upheaval as traditionally close-knit communities became divided between those who worked and those who didn't. Striking miners went unpaid and were not entitled to state welfare benefits, meaning that thousands of families relied on handouts and poverty became rife.

The strike was resolved by the spring of 1985, when the government effectively defeated the NUM and continued its policy of mine closures. The closure of the pits resulted in the closure of many associated industries, which decimated the local communities. Many former pit villages have struggled to recover. There are now no deep pit mines left in North East Derbyshire.


Following the closure of the pits there were large areas of the district left derelict, with old mine workings and spoil tips from the last 150 years of industrialisation. Over the last few years these sites have been re mediated and regenerated by open cast mining the remaining surface deposits and reclamation of coal from the old spoil heaps. The sites have then being restored as a mix of parkland, business parks and housing sites. A lot of the work being part funded by EEC Coalfield community regeneration grants, to provide money to help clean up the environmental legacy and fund the creation of job opportunities by providing the infrastructure for developments. This has resulted in several large and some smaller business parks, now providing jobs for thousands of people. But not of the same skill level of the old engineering jobs lost. A lot being warehousing and distribution, as opposed to the old engineering trades.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.