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North and South (miniseries)

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Title: North and South (miniseries)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Jackie Collins, John Jakes, Sidney Sheldon, A Rumor of War (miniseries), Fatal Vision (miniseries)
Collection: 1980S American Television Miniseries, 1985 Television Films, 1986 Television Films, 1994 Television Films, American Broadcasting Company Network Shows, American Civil War Tv Series, American Television Miniseries, Fictional Depictions of Abraham Lincoln in Film, Fictional Depictions of Abraham Lincoln in Television, Films Based on Military Novels, Television Programs Based on Novels, Television Series by the Wolper Organization, Television Series Set in the 1840S, Television Series Set in the 1850S, Television Series Set in the 1860S, Television Shows Set in Charleston, South Carolina
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

North and South (miniseries)

North and South
Complete Collection DVD cover
Genre Historical fiction
Created by David L. Wolper
Based on North and South (trilogy) 
by John Jakes
Story by John Jakes
Theme music composer Bill Conti
Country of origin United States
Original language(s) English
No. of episodes
  • Book I: 6
  • Book II: 6
  • Book III: 3
Producer(s) Paul Freeman
Cinematography Stevan Larner, ASC
Running time 90 minutes/episode
Production company(s) David L. Wolper Productions
Warner Bros. Television
Original channel ABC
Original release
  • Book I: November 3, 1985
  • Book II: May 4, 1986
  • Book III: February 27, 1994

North and South is the title of three American television miniseries broadcast on the ABC network in 1985, 1986, and 1994. Set before, during, and immediately after the American Civil War, they are based on the 1980s trilogy of novels North and South by John Jakes.[1] The 1985 first installment, North and South, remains the seventh-highest rated miniseries in TV history.[2][3][4] North and South: Book II (1986) was met with similar success, while 1994's Heaven and Hell: North and South Book III was poorly received by both critics and audiences.[5][6]

The saga tells the story of the enduring friendship between Orry Main of Pennsylvania (James Read), who become best friends while attending the United States Military Academy at West Point but later find themselves and their families on opposite sides of the war.[1] The slave-owning Mains are rural planters, while the Hazards, who resided in a small Northern mill town, profit from ownership of manufacturing and industry capital, their differences reflecting the divisions between North and South that eventually led to the Civil War.[7]


  • Cast 1
  • Crew 2
  • Plot 3
    • Book I: North and South 3.1
    • Book II: Love and War 3.2
    • Book III: Heaven and Hell 3.3
  • Awards and nominations 4
  • Media 5
    • VHS and DVD releases 5.1
    • Soundtrack 5.2
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


The initial 1985 miniseries cast

  • Episode 1 (June 1861 - July 21, 1861) - Orry and Charles, now officers in the Abraham Lincoln. Charles, a Confederate cavalry officer, meets Augusta Barclay, a Virginia belle who smuggles medicine for the southern soldiers. Virgilia wants to work as a nurse at a Washington, D.C. military hospital and asks Congressman Sam Greene, a fellow abolitionist, for help. Orry's cruel and manipulative sister Ashton meets her match in Elkanah Bent, who sees the Civil War as a great way to get rich by smuggling forbidden luxury goods through the U.S. Navy blockade of the South. Bent and Ashton quickly become lovers, while Ashton's politician husband, James Huntoon, is unaware of his wife's adultery. With Orry and Charles gone to war, Justin kidnaps Madeline from the Main family plantation and burns the cotton barn; Orry's mother is injured trying to stop the fire. The First Battle of Bull Run takes place with George and Constance getting caught up in the panicked aftermath as they reluctantly watch from a distance. The South is the winner.
  • Episode 2 (July 1861 - summer 1862) - Hearing about her mother's injury, Brett and one of the Main household servants, Semiramis, make the dangerous trip from Washington, D.C. to the Main plantation in South Carolina. Along the way, Semiramis is captured by Union soldiers, but rescued by Brett. Orry leaves Richmond and returns to South Carolina as well; he finds Madeline at Justin's plantation and kills Justin in a fight. Orry and Madeline finally get married. Orry discovers Bent's illegal smuggling enterprise and stops it by capturing Bent's blockade runners, arresting his men, and destroying most of his merchandise. Bent and Ashton vow revenge. Meanwhile, in Pennsylvania, George's older brother Stanley takes over the family's steel factories. His greedy wife Isabel talks him into profiteering from the war by using cheap, low-grade iron to make cannons for the U.S. Army; the cannons often explode and kill Northern soldiers. They forge George's name on the documents, in case the cannons are traced back to Hazard Iron.
  • Episode 3 (September 17, 1862 - spring 1864) - At the bloody battle of Antietam, Charles and Billy nearly kill each other, but each allows the other to escape. Charles's friend Ambrose is killed in the battle by one of the poor-quality cannons made by Hazard Iron. Afterwards, President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation frees the slaves in the rebel Southern states. Most of the slaves leave the Main plantation in South Carolina, but a few remain. Ashton visits her family's plantation, supposedly to see her recovering mother and sister Brett, but in reality to carry out Bent's revenge against Orry. Ashton tells Madeline that she knows that Madeline's mother was a high-priced, part-black prostitute in New Orleans, and that, unless Madeline leaves Orry with no explanation, she will reveal this secret and ruin Orry's public reputation. Madeline flees to Charleston where she is befriended by a suave gambler and begins working for the city's poor and orphans who are suffering from the war. Meanwhile, Bent — who has become increasingly psychotic and unstable — begins planning to assassinate Confederate President Jefferson Davis and become the dictator of the South. Following the Union victory at the Battle of Gettysburg, Billy, sick of not having seen his wife Brett for nearly two years, goes AWOL from the U.S. Army and makes his way to South Carolina, where he and Brett spend some time together. Ashton discovers Billy's presence and goes to tell the local authorities, but Billy is saved when Brett threatens her sister with a pitchfork long enough for Billy to escape.
  • Episode 4 (May 1864 - late autumn 1864) - When Billy returns to his regiment, his commanding officer threatens to court-martial and execute him if he ever leaves again. Billy is also placed in harm's way by being put in charge of the regiment's skirmishers. George is captured in a raid by Southern forces and taken to the dreaded Libby Prison in Richmond, where he is tortured by Captain Turner, the prison's psychotic commandant. Orry is shot and taken to the hospital where Virgilia works; despite her hatred of Southerners, she helps him recover and looks the other way allowing him to escape. Later, Virgilia is accused of allowing a wounded Southern soldier to die and is fired from the hospital. In a fit of rage, Virgilia pushes the elderly chief nurse Mrs. Neal causing her to lose her balance and tumble to the floor. Believing Mrs. Neal to be dead, Virgilia panics and flees the hospital. Desperate for money and a hiding place, she goes to Congressman Greene for help. He gives her money and protection in exchange for sex. Charles saves Augusta from being raped by Northern soldiers at her farm in Virginia, and the two become lovers.
  • Episode 5 (December 1864 - February 1865) - The war has turned against the South. Orry and Charles save George from Libby Prison, kill Turner in a fight, and allow George to return to the North. Madeline helps starving people in Charleston. Returning home, George learns of his brother and sister-in-law's illegal business schemes to use cheap iron to build cannon. He forces Stanley and Isabel to admit guilt. Bent tries to kill Madeline in Charleston, but she is rescued by her gambler friend, who saves Madeline but is fatally shot by Bent. Bent enlists James Huntoon for help in his plot to overthrow the Confederate government. Although he is still oblivious to Bent's and Ashton's affair, Huntoon acts as a double agent gathering intelligence on the planned coup d'état and reporting the activities to Jefferson Davis. The Confederate President orders Orry to squash the planned revolution. In a final fight, Orry and Huntoon attack Bent's hideout near Richmond. Bent is (apparently) killed when the ammunition he was hiding in a barn explodes. Ashton confesses her affair to James and tells Orry that she helped Bent drive Madeline away. Orry disowns Ashton and tells Huntoon that he never wants to see his sister again. Ashton begs Huntoon's forgiveness, but he tells her that it is too late.
  • Episode 6 (March 1865 - April 1865) - The fighting ends with a Northern victory. Orry and George lead troops against each other in the last major battle at

    A soundtrack CD published by Varèse Sarabande in 1985 (VCD47250) contains tracks from the music scores of two Bill Conti films, North and South and The Right Stuff. It includes the following tracks from North and South:[12]


    The Region 2 DVD release contained only Books I and II at first, but eventually Book III also became available, with the bonus featurette included. All volumes were sold as separate boxes, but later on they were also available in one box.

    All three Books were released on Region 1 DVD in October 2004. This release also included a bonus featurette with John Jakes and David Wolper talking about the books and the miniseries; James Read, Lesley-Anne Down, and Patrick Swayze discussing their characters; general thoughts of other cast and crew members; plus information about the historical background and trials of its reconstruction for the miniseries.

    North and South Books I and II were released on NTSC VHS in the United States. Book III was never released on VHS in the United States. Books I, II and III were released on PAL VHS in Europe.

    VHS and DVD releases


    Year Award N/A Category/People
    1986 Golden Globes N David Carradine for Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role in a Series, Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for TV (N&S1)
    1986 Golden Globes N Lesley-Anne Down for Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in a Series, Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for TV (N&S1)
    1986 Emmy A many people for Outstanding Achievement in Costuming for a Miniseries or a Special (N&S1, ep.4)
    1986 Emmy N Virginia Darcy for Outstanding Achievement in Hairstyling for a Miniseries or a Special (N&S1, ep.1)
    1986 Emmy N many people for Outstanding Achievement in Makeup for a Miniseries or a Special (N&S1, ep.6)
    1986 Emmy N Bill Conti for Outstanding Achievement in Music Composition for a Miniseries or a Special (Dramatic Underscore) (N&S1, ep.1)
    1986 Emmy N Stevan Larner for Outstanding Cinematography for a Miniseries or a Special (N&S1, ep.6)
    1986 Emmy N many people for Outstanding Editing for a Miniseries or a Special - Single Camera Production (N&S1, ep.4)
    1986 Emmy N many people for Outstanding Sound Editing for a Miniseries or a Special (N&S1, ep.2)
    1986 Emmy N many people for Outstanding Achievement in Hairstyling for a Miniseries or a Special (N&S2, ep.1)
    1986 Emmy N Robert Fletcher for Outstanding Costume Design for a Miniseries or a Special (N&S2, ep.1)
    1986 Emmy N many people for Outstanding Sound Editing for a Miniseries or a Special (N&S2, ep.6)
    1995 ASC Award N Don E. FauntLeRoy for Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Mini-Series (N&S3, ep.3)

    The North and South miniseries were nominated (N) and awarded (A) with many different awards around the world, among which the most significant are :

    Awards and nominations

    • Episode 1 (summer 1865 - autumn 1865) - Elkanah Bent, having survived the explosion of his hidden ammunition depot near Richmond, becomes obsessed with getting "final revenge" on Orry and George, whom he blames for his failures in life. He begins his revenge by going to Richmond and murdering Orry Main with a single stab wound. Furious, Ashton tries unsuccessfully to kill Bent; she then moves to the West to start a new life. Heartbroken at Orry's death, Madeline tries to rebuild the Main family mansion at Mont Royal and helps local freed slaves, to the disapproval of most of her white neighbors. After learning of Orry's death, George goes to Mont Royal and helps Madeline. Charles Main, now a corporal in the U.S. Cavalry in the Old West, meets and romances Willa Parker. Ashton begins working as a buffalo soldiers. Cavalrymen massacre a Cheyenne village.
    • Episode 3 (spring 1866 - spring/summer 1866) - George arrives at Mont Royal to help Madeline, and they fall in love. Carrying out the final part of his revenge, Bent kidnaps Charles and Augusta's son Gus. When George learns of this, he goes West and finds Charles. Together the two men rescue Gus, hunt down Bent, and hang him. The hanging ends the personal war between Bent and the Main and Hazard families. When Ashton finally gets home, she weeps when she sees that Mont Royal has been burned. George and Charles return to Mont Royal to help Madeline and the freed slaves defeat the Ku Klux Klan. Cooper takes Madeline during the fight, and George rides after to save her. When Cooper is told by Gettys LaMotte to kill both Madeline and George, he refuses. Gettys LaMotte shoots Cooper and George kills Gettys. Charles says his goodbyes before returning to Willa and Gus, while George and Madeline plan for their future together.
    Heaven and HellBook III:
  • Main Title 3:45
  • Southern Life 1:38
  • Love In The Chapel 4:04
  • A Close Call 2:00
  • Returning Home 2:13
  • Last Embrace 2:57
  • Final Meeting 2:28
  • The Varèse Sarabande Soundtrack Club released the entire score to North and South (1985) in a four-CD box set on February 25, 2008.[13] The tracks in this set are the original recordings used in the production of the series. The entire score to North and South: Book II (1986) was released on October 3, 2008 and includes three CDs.[14]

    See also


    1. ^ a b (1982) North and South Editorial Review:.  
    2. ^ Bennett, Mark (August 11, 2007). bestseller list included boyhood years in Terre Haute"New York Times"John Jakes' journey to .  
    3. ^ Thompson, Bill (March 18, 2002). "Bestselling novelist penning saga of fictional Charleston family".  
    4. ^ Jones, Mary Ellen (November 30, 1996). "The People's Author: The Life of John Jakes". John Jakes: A Critical Companion.  
    5. ^ "North and South: Book III - Heaven and Hell - DVD review". 
    6. ^ "DVD Verdict Review - North And South: The Complete Collection". DVD Verdict. 
    7. ^ O'Connor, John J. (November 1, 1985). , A Mini-series"North and South"TV Weekend; .  
    8. ^ a b c Leonard, John (November 4, 1985). ) North and SouthSlavs, Slaves, and Shoulders (Review:.  
    9. ^ a b Leonard, John (May 5, 1986). ) North and South: Book IIThe Blue, The Gray, and the Déshabille (Review:. New York. p. 85. Retrieved January 7, 2010. 
    10. ^ O'Connell, Patricia (February 25, 1994). Heaven and Hell: North and South Part 3Review: John Jakes'.  
    11. ^ Allis, Tim (February 28, 1994). "The Spoils of War".  
    12. ^ It may be noted that the VCD47250 tracks are re-recordings, as the CD notes state that the tracks were recorded November 25, 1985, which was after North and South had originally aired.
    13. ^
    14. ^

    External links

Book II: Love and War

  • Episode 1 (summer 1842 - summer 1844) - Young Southerner Orry Main, the son of a wealthy South Carolina plantation owner, goes to sadistic Salem Jones as the plantation overseer. Orry stops Jones from using a bullwhip to "punish" a slave. After Orry sees Madeline get married, they find out that Madeline's father has been hiding Orry's letters so that she would marry Justin. However that same day right after the wedding, Justin rapes Madeline leaving her broken.
  • Episode 2 (autumn 1844 - spring 1848) - Bent continues his cruelty towards George, Orry, and their friends. The men, with some help from other cadets, arrange for Bent to be caught with a prostitute and he is forced to leave the Academy. When Bent learns of George and Orry's involvement, he promises them he will have revenge. George and Orry graduate from West Point. They leave to fight in the John Brown. In 1859 Brown makes his famous raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia, to arm and free the slaves there. The U.S. Army stops the raid, Virgilia's husband Grady and Priam are killed, and Brown is captured. Virgilia escapes, but is more bitter than ever towards Southerners. Abraham Lincoln is elected President; several Southern states make plans to secede from the U.S. and establish themselves as a separate nation.
  • Episode 6 (November 6, 1860 - April 1861) - Having argued with Orry and fled to Ashton's house in Charleston, Brett meets Billy who is stationed at Fort Sumter. George visits Orry and the two apologize to each other. Orry gives Brett permission to marry Billy. South Carolina secedes from the Union, infuriating Orry. Brett and Billy get married. Ashton schemes to have Billy killed, partly out of jealously, and partly because Billy is now a "Yankee" enemy. She fails, thanks to the drugged Madeline, who overhears Ashton and Justin's scheme and informs Orry. Orry is enraged at Ashton and tells her that she is no longer a member of the Main family. Madeline leaves Justin and takes refuge with Orry at his family's plantation. Now off the drugs, Madeline plans to divorce Justin and marry Orry. Orry goes to the Hazard's mansion near Philadelphia to give George his part of their cotton mill money. When he arrives, Orry discovers that George and Constance have a baby girl named Hope. Virgilia finds out that Orry is present and tries to have him killed by forming a lynch mob which threatens the Hazard estate; the mob's leaders demand that George give them the "rebel traitor", there is little doubt that they intend to kill Orry. George and Orry face down the mob with shotguns and Orry boards a train to return to South Carolina. The two friends part, unsure if they will ever see each other again. The Civil War begins.

Book I: North and South


North and South (1985) was directed by Richard T. Heffron, from a script adaptation by Patricia Green, Douglas Heyes, Paul F. Edwards, and Kathleen A. Shelley. It was produced by David L. Wolper, Paul Freeman, Rob Harland, and Chuck McLain, with music by Bill Conti and Stevan Larner as cinematographer. Wolper also produced 1986's North and South: Book II with his son Mark Wolper, as well as Stephanie Austin and Robert Papazian. Conti returned as composer, with Kevin Connor directing, Jacques R. Marquette as cinematographer, and a script by Heyes and Richard Fielder. Heaven and Hell: North and South Book III (1994) was directed by Larry Peerce from a script by Suzanne Clauser. Hal Galli produced the miniseries, with music by David Bell and Don E. FauntLeRoy as cinematographer.


Character North and South
North and South: Book II
Heaven and Hell:
North and South Book III

Orry Main Patrick Swayze Patrick Swayze Patrick Swayze (archive/uncredited)
George Hazard James Read James Read James Read
Madeline Fabray Lesley-Anne Down Lesley-Anne Down Lesley-Anne Down
Constance Flynn Wendy Kilbourne Wendy Kilbourne Wendy Kilbourne
Virgilia Hazard Kirstie Alley Kirstie Alley
Ashton Main
   Young Ashton
   Young Ashton
Terri Garber
Temi Epstein (Ep. 1)
Stephanie Jolluck (Ep. 2)
Terri Garber

Terri Garber

Brett Main
   Young Brett
   Young Brett
Genie Francis
Nikki Creswell (Ep. 1)
Melissa Manley (Ep. 2)
Genie Francis

Genie Francis

Elkanah Bent Philip Casnoff Philip Casnoff Philip Casnoff
Charles Main Lewis Smith Lewis Smith Kyle Chandler
Billy Hazard
   Young Billy
John Stockwell
Cary Guffey (Ep. 1)
Parker Stevenson

Stanley Hazard Jonathan Frakes Jonathan Frakes Jonathan Frakes
Isabel Truscott Hazard Wendy Fulton Mary Crosby Deborah Rush
Justin LaMotte David Carradine David Carradine
Clarissa Gault Main Jean Simmons Jean Simmons
Maude Hazard Inga Swenson Inga Swenson
Burdetta Halloran Morgan Fairchild Morgan Fairchild
Congressman Sam Greene David Ogden Stiers David Ogden Stiers
James Huntoon Jim Metzler Jim Metzler
Salem Jones Tony Frank Tony Frank
Priam David Harris David Harris
Semiramis Erica Gimpel Erica Gimpel
Cuffey Forest Whitaker Forest Whitaker
Ned Fisk Andrew Stahl Andrew Stahl
Maum Sally Olivia Cole
Madam Conti Elizabeth Taylor
Garrison Grady Georg Stanford Brown
Tillet Main Mitchell Ryan
William Hazard John Anderson
Ironworker Ray Spruell
Barman Ronnie Stutes
Augusta Barclay Kate McNeil
Rafe Baudeen Lee Horsley
Miles Colbert James Stewart
Mrs. Neal Olivia de Havilland
Rose Sinclair Linda Evans
Captain Thomas Turner Wayne Newton
Colonel Hiram Berdan Kurtwood Smith
Ezra Beau Billingslea
Lt. Rudy Bodford Michael Dudikoff
Lt. Stephen Kent Whip Hubley
Hope Hazard uncredited Jennifer and Michele Steffin Mary Elizabeth McCae
Sam Trump Peter O'Toole
Adolphus Rip Torn
Cooper Main Robert Wagner
Judith Stafford Main Cathy Lee Crosby
Gus Main uncredited Cameron Finley
Scar Gregory Zaragoza
Running Wolf Ted Thin Elk
Gettys LaMotte Cliff De Young
Jack Quinlan Woody Watson
Isaac Stan Shaw
Jane Sharon Washington
Historical figures
Person Book I
Book II
Book III
Abraham Lincoln Hal Holbrook Hal Holbrook
Mary Todd Lincoln Rachel Jakes (uncredited)
Ulysses S. Grant Mark Moses Anthony Zerbe Rutherford Cravens
Frederick Douglass Robert Guillaume
John Brown Johnny Cash
George B. McClellan Chris Douridas
George Pickett Cody W. Hampton
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson William Preston Daly
Jefferson Davis Lloyd Bridges
Robert E. Lee William Schallert
Dorothea Dix Nancy Marchand
Francis Cardozo Billy Dee Williams
Major Anderson James Rebhorn

Filming of the miniseries resulted in four marriages among the cast and crew. James Read and Wendy Kilbourne fell in love while shooting scenes where their characters, George Hazard and Constance Flynn Hazard, fell in love. They were married in 1988 and now have two children. Jonathan Frakes and Genie Francis, who had previously played opposite each other on the failed NBC soap Bare Essence, eventually married in 1988. Lesley-Anne Down married assistant cameraman Don E. FauntLeRoy in 1986. When they met during filming of Book 1, both were married to someone else, but eventually obtained divorces.[11] Terri Garber married North and South cameraman Chris Hager in 1985. The couple divorced four years later, and have a daughter named Molly.

North and South (1985) also featured many well-known actors as guest stars, including David Ogden Stiers as Congressman Sam Greene, and Olivia Cole as Madeline's devoted but doomed servant Maum Sally.[8] John Jakes' wife Rachel also made an appearance in Episode 6 as Lincoln's wife Mary. North and South: Book II (1986) saw the return of Carradine as LaMotte, Holbrook as Lincoln, and Stiers as Congressman Greene, as well as new guests Lloyd Bridges as Jefferson Davis, Anthony Zerbe as Ulysses S. Grant, Nancy Marchand as Dorothea Dix, James Stewart as Miles Colbert, Wayne Newton as Captain Thomas Turner, and William Schallert as Robert E. Lee,[9] with Linda Evans as Rose Sinclair and Olivia de Havilland as Mrs. Neal. 1994's Heaven and Hell featured Peter O'Toole as "louche actor" Sam Trump[10] and Billy Dee Williams as Francis Cardozo.


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