World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Norzang

Article Id: WHEBN0028414645
Reproduction Date:

Title: Norzang  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Rinpungpa
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Norzang

Norzang (? – 1466), in full Norbu Zangpo (Nor bu bzang po), was the founder of the power of the Rinpungpa Dynasty in Central Tibet.

Religious activities

Norzang was the son of Namkha Gyalpo, the chief of the Rinpung fief in Tsang (West Central Tibet). Namkha Gyalpo was one of the principal ministers of the Phagmodrupa dynasty, and the patron of the Tsangrong monastery. Norzang inherited his functions and completed the construction of the Chamchen temple. In religious matters he favoured the Sakya and Kagyud sects of Buddhism. According to a somewhat doubtful story a Sakya cleric, the Choje of Ngor, gave religious instructions to Norzang in return for the promise that the Rinpung lord would fulfil three wishes of the Choje. These were to force all members of the rival Geden sect to yield to Sakya, to put an end to the construction of a monastery directed by Gedun Drub (posthumously counted as the first Dalai Lama), and to supply provisions for the female servants of the new monastery at Ngor. Norzang refused the requests since they would cause disturbances.[1]

Taking power

When the king Drakpa Gyaltsen died in 1432 the succession of the Phagmodrupa thone was in doubt. The influential Norzang recommended that a revered abbot who was a member of the dynasty, the Chenga of Thel, should make the decision. The latter pointed out Drakpa Jungne, nephew of the deceased ruler.[2] In 1434 the old Chenga himself died and the Phagmodrupa were wrecked by a violent internal conflict when Drakpa Jungne’s father Sangye Gyaltsen tried to secure power at the expense of his own son. The disturbances enabled the Rinpungpa to take control over the strategic town Shigatse in Tsang in 1435. The place was headed by Norzang’s son Dondup Dorje.[3] Seeing this as an act of open defiance against the Phagmodrupa, the elites of Tsang began to ally with the Rinpungpa. Norzang brought various Tibetan petty princes under his authority.

Later years

In spite of the violent expansion of Norzang’s power, he continued to pay formal homage to the Phagmodrupa monarchs Drakpa Jungne (1432-45) and Kunga Lekpa (1448-81). A Rinpungpa lady was given to Kunga Lekpa as his wife. However, the marriage was unhappy, and Kunga Lekpa felt dissatisfied with Norzang’s behaviour when he made a tour in Tsang.[4] Norzang had five sons, namely Upasika, Kunzang, Dondup Dorje, Tsokye Dorje and Shakya Gyaltsen.[5] He died in 1466, and his death caused a temporary downturn in the fortunes of the Rinpungpa.[6]

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.