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Oglala Lakota County, South Dakota

Oglala Lakota County, South Dakota
Map of South Dakota highlighting Oglala Lakota County
Location in the state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded 1875
Named for Oglala Lakota
Seat none
Largest community Pine Ridge
Area
 • Total 2,097 sq mi (5,431 km2)
 • Land 2,094 sq mi (5,423 km2)
 • Water 2.8 sq mi (7 km2), 0.1%
Population
 • (2010) 13,586
 • Density 6.5/sq mi (3/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website .org.sdcountiesoglalalakota
Footnotes: Hot Springs in neighboring Fall River County serves as its administrative center

Oglala Lakota County, known as Shannon County until May 2015, is a

  • Oglala Lakota County Government Site

External links

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 30, 2015. 
  4. ^ "South Dakota Legislative Manual" (PDF). South Dakota Secretary of State. 2005. p. 597. Retrieved March 30, 2015. 
  5. ^ United States counties by per capita income
  6. ^ [2], accessed April 19, 2009.
  7. ^ David Montgomery, "Shannon County no more: Voters approve name change", Argus Leader, November 5, 2014.
  8. ^ Mercer, Bob (March 5, 2015). "It's official: Oglala Lakota County replaces Shannon County Name".  
  9. ^ "Governor's Executive Proclamation". Office of the Governor. 
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  14. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder".  

References

See also

The county is divided into two areas of unorganized territory: East Shannon and West Shannon.

Townships

Unincorporated community

Census-designated places

Town

Communities

The counties surrounding Oglala Lakota County are predominantly Republican, but like most Native American counties, Oglala Lakota is solidly Democratic, giving over 75 percent of the vote to every Democrats' presidential nominee in every election back to 1984. No Republican has carried the county in a presidential election since 1952.

Presidential elections results in Oglala Lakota County
Year Democratic Republican Others
2012 93.39% 2,937 5.98% 188 0.64% 20
2008 88.69% 2,971 9.88% 331 1.43% 48
2004 84.62% 3,566 12.48% 526 2.89% 122
2000 85.36% 1,667 12.90% 252 1.74% 34
1996 84.33% 1,926 11.08% 253 4.60% 105
1992 76.74% 1,267 13.63% 225 9.63% 159
1988 81.54% 1,206 17.31% 256 1.15% 17
1984 81.41% 1,489 17.71% 256 0.87% 16
1980 67.10% 1,132 25.96% 256 6.94% 117
1976 69.94% 756 27.84% 301 2.22% 24
1972 77.34% 1,246 22.10% 356 0.56% 9
1968 66.93% 1,202 29.68% 533 3.40% 61
1964 75.84% 1,748 24.16% 557
-
1960 63.41% 1,135 36.59% 655
-
1956 54.82% 949 45.18% 782
-
1952 44.71% 774 55.29% 957
-
1948 55.23% 803 44.09% 641 0.69% 10
1944 46.07% 480 53.93% 562
-

Politics

The median income for a household in the county was $20,916, and the median income for a family was $20,897. Males had a median income of $25,170 versus $22,594 for females. The per capita income for the county was $6,286. About 45.10% of families and 52.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 60.80% of those under age 18 and 36.00% of those age 65 or over.

In the county the population was spread out with 45.30% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 13.80% from 45 to 64, and 4.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females there were 99.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.60 males.

There are 2,785 households out of which 51.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.40% were married couples living together, 36.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.50% were non-families. 13.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.00% have someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.36 and the average family size was 4.72.

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 12,466 people, 2,785 households, and 2,353 families residing in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 3,123 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 4.51% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 94.20% Native American, 0.02% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.42% of the population.

Demographics

National protected area

Adjacent counties

Major highways

The county includes the headwaters of the Little White River.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,097 square miles (5,430 km2), of which 2,094 square miles (5,420 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (0.1%) is water.[10]

Geography

On November 4, 2014, voters in the county voted by a margin of 2,161 to 526 to rename Shannon County to Oglala Lakota County.[7] The name change was ratified by the state legislature on March 5, 2015.[8] May 1st, 2015 was proclaimed by the governor as the official day for renaming the county.[9]

[6] The county was originally named for

The place of the 1890 Wounded Knee Massacre is located in Oglala Lakota County.

History

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Major highways 2.1
    • Adjacent counties 2.2
    • National protected area 2.3
  • Demographics 3
  • Politics 4
  • Communities 5
    • Town 5.1
    • Census-designated places 5.2
    • Unincorporated community 5.3
    • Townships 5.4
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

The county's per-capita income makes it the poorest county in the United States.[5] It is the only dry county in South Dakota.

The county is entirely within the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation and contains part of Badlands National Park. It is one of five South Dakota counties entirely on an Indian reservation. (The others are Corson, Dewey, Todd, and Ziebach.)

. Pine Ridge Its largest community is [4][3]

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