World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000086449
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ogma  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Tuatha Dé Danann, Embraer, Elatha, The Dagda, De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk
Collection: Creators of Writing Systems, Irish Gods, Knowledge Gods, Tuatha Dé Danann
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Lee Lawrie, sculpted bronze figure of Ogma (1939). Library of Congress John Adams Building, Washington, D.C.

Ogma (modern spelling: Oghma) is a character from Irish mythology and Scottish mythology. A member of the Tuatha Dé Danann, he is often considered a deity and may be related to the Gallic god Ogmios.

He fights in the first battle of Mag Tuired, when the Tuatha Dé take Ireland from the Fir Bolg.[1] Under the reign of Bres, when the Tuatha Dé are reduced to servitude, Ogma is forced to carry firewood, but nonetheless is the only one of the Tuatha Dé who proves his athletic and martial prowess in contests before the king. When Bres is overthrown and Nuadu restored, Ogma is his champion. His position is threatened by the arrival of Lugh at the court, so Ogma challenges him by lifting a great flagstone, which normally required eighty oxen to move it, and hurling it out of Tara, but Lugh answers the challenge by hurling it back. When Nuadu hands command of the Battle of Mag Tuired to Lugh, Ogma becomes Lugh's champion, and promises to repel the Fomorian king, Indech, and his bodyguard, and to defeat a third of the enemy. During the battle he finds Orna, the sword of the Fomorian king Tethra, which recounts the deeds done with it when unsheathed. During the battle Ogma and Indech fall in single combat, although there is some confusion in the texts as in Cath Maige Tuired Ogma, Lugh and the Dagda pursue the Fomorians after the battle to recover the harp of Uaitne, the Dagda's harper.[2]

He often appears as a triad with Lugh and the Dagda (The Dagda is his brother and Lugh is his half-brother), who are sometimes collectively known as the trí dée dána or three gods of skill,[3] although that designation is elsewhere applied to other groups of characters. His father is Elatha and his mother is usually given as Ethliu,[4] sometimes as Étaín.[5] His sons include Delbaeth[6] and Tuireann.[7] He is said to have invented the Ogham alphabet, which is named after him.[8]

Scholars of Celtic mythology have proposed that Ogma represents the vestiges of an ancient Celtic god. By virtue of his battle prowess and invention of Ogham, he is compared with Ogmios, a Gaulish deity associated with eloquence and equated with Herakles. J. A. MacCulloch compares Ogma's epithet grianainech (sun-face) with Lucian's description of the "smiling face" of Ogmios, and suggests Ogma's position as champion of the Tuatha Dé Danann may derive "from the primitive custom of rousing the warriors' emotions by eloquent speeches before a battle",[9] although this is hardly supported by the texts. Scholars such Rudolf Thurneysen and Anton van Hamel dispute any link between Ogma and Ogmios.[8]


  1. ^ J. Fraser (ed. & trans.), "The First Battle of Moytura", Ériu 8, pp. 1-63, 1915
  2. ^ R. A. S. Macalister (ed. & trans.), Lebor Gabála Érenn: Book of the Taking of Ireland Part 4, Irish Texts Society, 1941; Whitley Stokes (ed. & trans), "The Second Battle of Moytura", Revue Celtique 12, pp. 52-130, 306-308, 1891; Vernam Hull (ed. & trans), "Cairpre mac Edaine's Satire Upon Bres mac Eladain" Zeitschrift für Celtische Philologie 18, 1930
  3. ^ Stokes 1891, pp. 81, 83, 109; A. H. Leahy (ed. & trans), "The Wooing of Étain" §18, Heroic Romances of Ireland Volume II, 1902
  4. ^ Fraser 1915, §49; Stokes 1891, p. 77
  5. ^ Stokes 1891, p. 69
  6. ^ Macalister 1941, §64
  7. ^ Tom Peete Cross & Clark Harris Slover (eds.), "The Fate of the Children of Turenn", Ancient Irish Tales, Henry Holt & Co, 1936, p. 49
  8. ^ a b James MacKillop, Dictionary of Celtic Mythology, Oxford University Press, 1998, p. 310
  9. ^ J. A. MacCulloch, The religion of the ancient Celts. New York: Dover Publications, 1911, Ch. V. ISBN 0-486-42765-X
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.