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Old Grey Whistle Test

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Old Grey Whistle Test

The Old Grey Whistle Test
File:StarKicker.jpg
Starkicker logo
Format Rock music magazine programme
Created by Rowan Ayers
Presented by Richard Williams, Ian Whitcomb, Bob Harris, Anne Nightingale, Andy Kershaw, David Hepworth, Mark Ellen, Richard Skinner and Ro Newton
Country of origin United Kingdom
Production
Executive producer(s) Mike Appleton
Broadcast
Original channel BBC2
Original run 21 September 1971 – 1 December 1987

The Old Grey Whistle Test (usually abbreviated to Whistle Test or OGWT) is an influential BBC2 television music show that ran from 1971 to 1987. It took over the BBC2 late night slot from "Disco Two", which had been running since January 1970, while continuing to feature non-chart music. It was devised by BBC producer Rowan Ayers. According to presenter Bob Harris, the programme derived its name from a Tin Pan Alley phrase from years before. When they got the first pressing of a record they would play it to people they called the old greys—doormen in grey suits. The songs they could remember and whistle, having heard it just once or twice, had passed the old grey whistle test.[1]

History

The show's focus on "serious" rock music rather than chart hits was emphasised by a lack of showbiz glitter: bands would often perform their songs in front of either the bare studio walls or plain wooden boards (actually the backs of set walls from other programmes filmed in the same studio). As with many BBC productions, this was (initially at least) as much a matter of money as of style; other late night shows of the time, having only 'minority' appeal, also had to be content with spartan sets. Another factor was that the programme was originally made in a studio known as "Pres B", which had been originally intended for in-vision continuity. The studio was only 32 by 22 feet (10 m × 7 m)[2] feet (a little under 10 × 7 metres) which left little room for a set once the cameras and band were in.

The series' opening titles consisted of an animation of a male figure (known as the 'Star Kicker') made up of stars dancing. The programme's title music, with its harmonica theme, was a track called "Stone Fox Chase" by a Nashville band, Area Code 615 (once played live on the show, in 1978, by Val Doonican and Charlie McCoy).[3]

The first host was Richard Williams, features editor of Melody Maker, the music weekly. From 1972, the programme was presented by Disc jockey Bob Harris (nicknamed "Whispering Bob Harris", because of his quiet voice and "laid back" style). He later became notorious among the younger generation for calling the New York Dolls "mock rock" and left OGWT in 1978.

Anne Nightingale took over as host in 1978.


In December 1980 Nightingale presented the show in the immediate aftermath of the shooting of John Lennon (who had himself appeared on the show in 1975). This particular episode consisted almost entirely of interviews with various people about Lennon's life and career.

In the early 1980s, Andy Kershaw, David Hepworth, Mark Ellen and Richard Skinner also took turns as presenters. The same four presenters co-presented The BBC's Television coverage of Live Aid.

In 1983, the programme was moved to a live mid-evening slot. The title was abridged to Whistle Test and the title credits and music were changed. The programme's run ended with a live New Year's Eve special broadcast through to the early hours of New Year's Day 1988; material included "Hotel California" by The Eagles, live from 1977, and "Bat Out of Hell" by Meat Loaf.

The executive producer of The Old Grey Whistle Test was Mike Appleton. Tom Corcoran, was the studio director. Derek Burbidge and Kate Humphreys directed, the series location inserts. The audio was always of prime importance. Gregg Baily was the recordist for the show on location. Researcher Alma Player. P.A. Rosa Rudsinska (spelling needs confirming).

Many viewers assumed the bands were always playing live. However, owing to technical issues during the show's early years, and the need to ensure performances were controlled, the bands often recorded the instrumental tracks the day before. The vocals were then performed live, "99 per cent" of the time. However, after 1973, the show changed to an entirely-live paradigm.[4]

Other directors and camera operators were Martin Pitts in the USA, and for England, John Metcalfe and Tim Pope, John Burrowes in the UK along with David Croft.[5] Location shoots all over the world were an essential part of the programme.

Influence

The programme hosted many seminal acts of the era, including the first British TV performance of Bob Marley and the Wailers as well as then little-known acts of whom any early footage is now considered precious, such as Billy Joel, Judas Priest with a long haired Rob Halford, Judee Sill, Heart, and Lynyrd Skynyrd.

The Whistle Test was also the British television debut of the American glam punk band New York Dolls. Although host Bob Harris derided the group as "mock rock," comparing them unfavourably to The Rolling Stones, their performance influenced the following Punk Rock scene such as the Sex Pistols and The Clash as well as alternative bands like R.E.M. and The Smiths and the Glam metal scene of the 80s.

The show become the template for many successive "serious" British music programmes, such as The Tube, Later with Jools Holland and From the Basement.

In a list of the 100 Greatest British Television Programmes drawn up by the British Film Institute in 2000, voted for by industry professionals, The Old Grey Whistle Test was placed 33rd.

A parody of the show as part of Rutland Weekend Television in 1975, featuring Eric Idle as Harris, is the first known mention of fictional band, Toad The Wet Sprocket – a later reference on a Monty Python album gave rise to the band of the same name. The parody also featured "all-dead" musician Stan Fitch, whose silent, motionless performance was treated with quick zooms, closeups, and other visual effects typical of shows like Whistle Test.

The show was parodied on an episode of "The Benny Hill Show", originally aired on 24 September 1975, being called "Old Grey Whistle Tester".[6]

The show's title was parodied in the comedy series Father Ted, in the episode "The Old Grey Whistle Theft".

The series was also parodied on The Fast Show, with Jazz Club, hosted by the eccentric (but quiet) Louis Balfour (a play on Bob Harris).[7][8]

In 2006, the series was parodied in the sketch comedy show Snuff Box. The host was played by Richard Ayoade.

The Jon Holmes radio show on BBC Radio 6 Music has a feature called the Old Gay Whistle Test, a parody where a homosexual pensioner whistles a tune for the listeners to guess.

DVD series

In 2006, the BBC released three DVDs. The first concentrated on the early and mid 70's. The second DVD completed the timeline, as it dealt with the late 70s and 80s. The third DVD, however, covered the entire history. The DVDs also featured spoken intros by the presenters introducing the songs.

Billy Joel included his 1978 performance on the show as part of The Stranger 30th Anniversary Edition DVD.

See also

  • Alright Now, was a short-lived rock music television series made by Tyne Tees Television for ITV in 1979–1980.
  • Revolver, was a British music TV series on ITV that ran for one series only, of eight episodes, in 1978 that featured Punk and New Wave acts.
  • Sounds of the Seventies a 1970s late night BBC radio show which concentrated on albums rather than singles, and rock rather than pop.
  • Top of the Pops, a British music chart television programme, made by the BBC and originally broadcast weekly from 1 January 1964 to 30 July 2006.

References

External links

  • Internet Movie Database
  • TV.com
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