World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Old Woman Mountains Wilderness

Old Woman Mountains Wilderness
IUCN category Ib (wilderness area)
Map showing the location of Old Woman Mountains Wilderness
Map of the state of California
Location San Bernardino County, California USA
Nearest city Needles, California
Coordinates
Area 163,120 acres (660.1 km2)
Established 1994
Governing body Bureau of Land Management

Old Woman Mountains Wilderness is a wilderness area located south of Essex, California. This 163,120-acre (660 km2)[1] wilderness was established in 1994 and is managed by the Bureau of Land Management. The 1975 discovery of the Old Woman Meteorite is located in the Old Woman Mountains and is the largest meteorite found in California and the second largest in the United States.[2]

The area consists of bajadas (extensive flat aprons of alluvium) and the massive, fault-lifted Old Woman Mountains that extend some 35 miles (56 km) north-south and up to 28 miles (45 km) in an east-west direction. The elevations within the wilderness range from 800 feet (240 m) in the drainage bottoms to over 5,300 feet (1,600 m) at the top of Old Woman Peak. The mountains take their name from a granite monolith resembling the figure of an old woman, known as the Old Woman Statue (5,000 feet high).

The Old Woman Mountains Wilderness falls within a transition zone between the Lower Colorado and Mojave deserts and encompasses many different habitat types. Creosote bush scrub dominates the lower elevations, grading into mixed desert scrub at middle elevations with juniper-pinyon woodland at the higher elevations. The dry washes are characterized by catclaw acacia, cheesebush, desert lavender, little-leaf ratany, and desert almond.

Wildlife is typical for the Mojave Desert; including a permanent population of bighorn sheep, mule deer, bobcat, cougar, coyote, black-tailed jackrabbit, ground squirrels, kangaroo rats, quail, chuckar, roadrunners, rattlesnakes, and several species of lizards. Numerous raptor species are likely to be found in the area; including prairie falcons, red-tailed hawks, golden eagles, Cooper's hawks, American kestrels, as well as several species of owls. The washes and canyons provide good habitat for several species of songbirds, and the bird densities and diversity is further enhanced by the presence of the known 24 springs and seeps.

The bajadas provide excellent desert tortoise habitat; 49,683 acres (201 km2) of the wilderness area have been identified as critical habitat for the threatened desert tortoise.

Notes

  1. ^ BLM webpage on Old Woman Mountains Wilderness Accessed 31 Dec.2008
  2. ^ BLM webpage on Old Woman Mountains Wilderness Accessed 31 Dec.2008

References

  • Part of this article incorporates text from the Bureau of Land Management, which is in the Public domain.
  • "Old Woman Mountains Wilderness", Bureau of Land Management
  • "Old Woman Mountains Wilderness", Wilderness.net
  • Adventuring in the California Desert, Lynne Foster, Sierra Club Books, 1987 (ISBN 0-87156-721-0)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.