Open-face Chinese poker

Open-face Chinese poker
Standard Chinese poker hand
Origin Finland
Alternative name(s) Open Face Chinese, OFC, OFCP
Players 2 - 4
Skill(s) required Tactics, strategy
Cards 52
Deck French
Play Clockwise
Card rank (highest to lowest) A K Q J 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
Playing time 5 -10 min. per round
Random chance Medium to High
Related games
Chinese poker
Pai gow poker

Open-face Chinese poker, OFCP, commonly known as Open Face Chinese or OFC, is a variant of Chinese poker where players receive five cards to start and then one card at a time until each player has a 13 card hand legal or not. The game originated in Finland during the mid-2000s and spread to Russia a few years later. Professional poker player, Alex Kravchenko, credited with introducing the game to the Russian high stakes community describes the game as "spreading like a virus".[1] The game was introduced to the United States in 2012 and has since become a sensation among gamblers.[2]

Gameplay

Open-face Chinese poker is typically played as a two to three person game, though it can also be played with four people. Each player must use thirteen cards consisting of 3 cards in the front hand, 5 cards in the middle hand, and 5 cards in the back hand. Play is in clockwise order and starts with the player left of the dealer. Same as in standard Chinese poker the back hand must be stronger than or equal to the middle hand and the middle hand must be stronger than or equal to the front hand. The strength of the hand is determined by poker hand rankings. The middle and back can make the best five card poker hand while the front hand can only make the best three card hand. The best front hand is AAA. Straights, flushes, and straight flushes are not legal front hands.[3]

Objective

The goal of the game is to achieve more units (also known as points) than your opponents by winnings more hands also known as rows and/or by collecting royalties on premium hands without fouling. See fouling for more details.

To win rows, your hand ranking must be higher than your opponents' in that same row, for example:

Ivey Hellmuth Winner
Front 6 6 4 A K Q Ivey
Middle 10 10 9 Q 8 9 9 5 5 4 Hellmuth
Back 3 3 3 2 2 K J 9 8 7 Ivey

Ivey would win the front row and back row, but lose the middle row. See scoring for more details.

Fouling

Fouling also known as mis-setting is when an illegal hand is made and as a result, the hand is forfeited. The back hand must be stronger than or equal to the middle and the front, the middle must be stronger or equal to the front, otherwise, the hand is not legal and is considered fouled. In this case the player who fouled loses six points (one point per line plus three point scoop bonus) per non-fouling player and each non-fouling player gains six points. Players who fouled can lose additional units if players with legal hands achieved royalties. Opponents with legal hands gains six points plus any royalties in their hands, but not the royalties in fouled hands. When a hand is fouled the fouling players loses all royalties in their hands as well. If more than one player foul, then the players who foul tie other players who foul and no points are gained or lost between players with fouled hands. Unlike standard Chinese poker, players do not receive all thirteen cards at once. Therefore fouling plays a large factor, and strategies are devised to avoid it.[3]

Legal hand structure
Row/Hand Strength of hand
Front (3 cards) 3rd / Weakest hand
Middle (5 cards) 2nd / Stronger
Back (5 cards) 1st / Strongest

Dealing

Unlike standard Chinese poker where all thirteen cards are dealt at once, in open face Chinese each player is dealt five cards in the beginning and then one card at a time until thirteen card hands are made (8 deals after 5 cards are dealt). The cards are all set face up. The dealer deals clockwise with the player to the left of the dealer acting first. In the beginning it is not necessary to set cards in each row. Players can set all cards in three or fewer rows depending on their preference. For example if a player receives A 2 3 4 5 as the first five cards he or she can set them all on the back or middle row if desired. Once a row has been completed (e.g. 3 cards in the front or 5 cards in the middle or back) then another open row must be picked. Once a card has been set it cannot be moved to a different row.

Fantasy Land

Fantasy land is a special bonus awarded to players that make a hand that has a pair of queens (QQx) or stronger in the front hand and does not foul. When fantasy land is achieved, the next hand, the player receives all thirteen cards dealt at once while other players must play out the hand as standard open face. Players in fantasy land sets their hand face down when it is their turn to act. Players can fantasy land repeatedly if they are able to make the required hand. If a player makes fantasy land while already in fantasy land, he or she must declare it to all opponents.[3] However, to remain in fantasy land while in fantasy land requires higher royalties, one or more of the following conditions must be met:

Remain in Fantasy Land
Row/Hand Strength of hand
Front (and/or) Any three of a kind
Middle (and/or) Full house or higher
Back (and/or) Four of a kind or higher

More than one player can achieve fantasy land. Another way of stating how to stay in fantasy land would be one must score a 10-point royalty or higher in any sub-hand.

Shooting the moon

If a player has J-high in the back hand and does not foul he or she receives 20 units from all other players. Shooting the moon is rarely found in open face chinese poker games, and is generally reserved for kitchen table home games.

Scoring

The stakes played for in Chinese poker are known as units or points: an amount of money agreed on per unit before the game starts. Basic scoring rules dictate that a player collects one unit from each opponent whose front, middle or back hand is beaten by his own corresponding hand. Thus, unlike most poker games, being second-best at the table is good enough to win money. In some variants players are also paid an additional unit if they win in two or three of the hands. In other variants players only get an additional unit if they win all three hands (known as a scoop). Also, due to the head-to-head nature of the comparisons, it is possible for different players to play for different stakes. For example, A and B could play for $10 per unit versus each other, while all other player pairings play for $1 per unit. Many variations of scoring are in common use; refer to the external links for more information.

The most common scoring system used in Open-face Chinese poker is the 1-6 scoring method.

In the 1-6 method the players receives 1 unit for each hand they win, and 3 bonus units if they win all three hands from a player known as a scoop. Players lose 1 unit for each hand they lose to each player and lose 3 bonus units to each player who scoops them.

In the example above, Hellmuth would pay Ivey 4 units, as Hellmuth scored 5 units, while Ivey scored 9. The difference is 4, and therefore Hellmuth would pay Ivey 4 units. Hellmuth received 5 units by scoring 1 unit for winning the middle hand, and 4 units for a flush royalty in the back. The total becomes 5. Ivey scored 9 units by scoring 1 unit for the winning the top, 1 unit for a pair of 6 royalty up top, 1 unit for winning the bottom, and 6 units for a full house royalty on the bottom. The total becomes 9.

Points are added to the winner and subtracted from the loser as the game progresses. If a game has more than two players, players gain a point for each hand/row they win from each player and lose a point for each hand/row they lose from each player. Royalty points are also scored based on the number of players involved. For example, a player with a completed back hand flush in a three player game would receive an 8 point bonus, 4 per player excluding royalties in any non-fouled opponents' hands. If other players do not have royalties, they would lose 4 points each otherwise, players would calculate the difference between the royalties achieve in their own legal hands.

Royalties

Royalties, or bonuses as they are sometimes called, are extra units that may be awarded to players with particularly strong hands. Hands that qualify for royalties in Open-face Chinese are lower than that of standard Chinese poker as hands formed are generally weaker.

Open Face Chinese poker royalties[4]
Front Units Middle Units Back Units
66 1 Three of a kind 2 Straight 2
77 2 Straight 4 Flush 4
88 3 Flush 8 Full house 6
99 4 Full house 12 Four of a kind 10
TT 5 Four of a kind 20 Straight flush 15
JJ 6 Straight flush 30 Royal flush 25
QQ 7 Royal flush 50
KK 8
AA 9
222 10
333 11
444 12
555 13
666 14
777 15
888 16
999 17
TTT 18
JJJ 19
QQQ 20
KKK 21
AAA 22

Other variations play with naturals and can be scored the same as standard Chinese poker or to the players preference.

Unlike standard Chinese poker, in open face Chinese royalties cancel out. For example if one player has 7777x in the back and another has 6666x in the back, the player with 7777x would win 1 unit for the back hand/row but not the royalty units. Even if a player loses a hand/row he is eligible for the royalties in the hand as long as it is not fouled.

Current status

Open face Chinese poker is often played as a side game in large poker tournaments. Some high stakes poker players are known to play as high as $500 or $1,000 per unit. Some even go as high as $5,000.

The Venetian, Bellagio and Wynn casinos in Las Vegas, Nevada have been known to spread Chinese poker at their poker tables.

The game has been popular among poker players such as Daniel Negreanu,[1] Jason Mercier, Barry Greenstein, Shaun Deeb, and others.[5]

Variations

  • Pineapple Open Face Chinese poker (POFC) — For a maximum of three players. Each player is dealt five cards to start. Instead of being dealt one at a time players are dealt three cards at a time. Players set two cards and discard one until 13 card hands are made. If a player achieves fantasyland the player receives 14 cards and discard one. Traditional OFC rules apply to enter fantasyland. Some players suggest AA+ as a minimum requirement. To remain in fantasyland requires three of a kind on top and/or four of a kind or better on the bottom. Full house in the middle does not qualify. POFC is considered 400 trillion times more mathematically complex than traditional OFC.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b Dave Behr (2012-12). "Not just another pretty face". Bluff Magazine. 
  2. ^ Jennifer Shahade (2012-10-18). "How to Play Open-Face Chinese Poker". Card Player. 
  3. ^ a b c "Chinese Poker". PokerNews. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  4. ^ "2013 Carnivale of Poker $5000 Open Face Chinese Poker Official Medaillion Event". World Series of Poker. 2013-07-13. Retrieved 2014-03-12. 
  5. ^ Chad Holloway (2014-01-09). "Shaun Deeb Wins 2014 PCA Open-Face Chinese Poker Event for $32,380". PokerNews. Retrieved 2014-06-11. 
  6. ^ "Pineapple Open Face". Open Face Odds. 
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