Operation munchen

Operation München
Part of the Eastern Front of World War II
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Romanian cavalryman escorting Soviet prisoners
Date July 2 to July 24, 1941
Location Bessarabia, Northern Bukovina
Result Axis victory
Belligerents
Soviet Union Germany
Commanders and leaders
Yakov Cherevichenko Eugen Ritter von Schobert
Units involved
Odessa Military District:
18th Army
Army Group Antonescu:
11th Army
Strength
364,700 troops
700 tanks
1,750 aircraft
5 divisions, 420 aircraft
Casualties and losses
Total: 17,893
8,519 killed/missing, 9,374 wounded
Total: 21,738
4,112 killed, 12,120 wounded, 5,506 missing[2]

To be distinguished from the German documentary film LH 615 – Operation München about the 1972 hijacking of a Lufthansa airliner.

Operation München (Operaţiunea München) was the Romanian codename of a joint German-Romanian offensive in World War II, with the primary objective of liberating Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, ceded by Romania to the Soviet Union a year before.[3] The operation concluded successfully after 24 days of fighting. Axis formations involved included the Third Army, the Fourth Army, and the Eleventh Army. In German this is simply described as the recapture of Bessarabia by the Romanian army, and was the beginning of genocide against the Jewish population of Bessarabia.[4][5]

Other "Operation Münchens"

Another "Operation München" took place in March 1942, in Lithuania.[6]

References

Bibliography

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