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Orava (county)

"Árva" redirects here. For other uses, see Arva.
Árva County
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
15th century–1920

Coat of arms

Capital Alsókubin
49°13′N 19°18′E / 49.217°N 19.300°E / 49.217; 19.300Coordinates: 49°13′N 19°18′E / 49.217°N 19.300°E / 49.217; 19.300

History
 -  Established 15th century
 -  Treaty of Trianon June 4 1920
Area
 -  1910 2,019 km2 (780 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 78,700 
Density 39 /km2  (101 /sq mi)
Today part of Slovakia, Poland
Dolný Kubín is the current name of the capital.

Árva (Slovak: Orava, Polish: Orawa, German: Arwa) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in northern Slovakia and southern Poland. Today, the Slovak name is only used as an informal designation of the corresponding territory (see Orava (region)).

Geography

In the past Árva county shared borders with the Austrian land Galicia and the Hungarian counties Trencsén (Trenčín), Turóc (Turiec) and Liptó (Liptov). The county's territory was situated along the Orava River between Zázrivá and the Tatra mountains. Its area was 2,019 km² around 1910. Now its territory is divided by the Polish-Slovakian border. The main Polish town of Orava is Jabłonka.

Capitals

The capital of the county was the Orava Castle, then Veličná and since the late 17th century Dolný Kubín.

History

Árva county as a Hungarian comitatus arose before the 15th century. In the aftermath of World War I, the area became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia, as recognized by the concerned states in the 1920 Treaty of Trianon. After a border dispute (treated in detail under Polish–Czechoslovak border conflicts) several villages in the north-east of the now defunct Árva county's territory were exchanged between Poland and Czechoslovakia.

During World War II, when Czechoslovakia was split temporarily, Orava was part of independent Slovakia. After World War II, Orava county was in Czechoslovakia again. In 1993, Czechoslovakia was split and Orava became part of Slovakia.

Demographics

In 1900, the county had a population of 850,09 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

In 1910, county had a population of 78,745 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Districts

In the early 20th century, the districts and their capitals were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Alsókubin Alsókubin, SK Dolný Kubín
Námesztó Námesztó, SK Námestovo
Trsztena Trsztena, SK Trstená
Vár Turdossin, SK Tvrdošín

References

External links

  • (Slovak) http://www.orava.sk
  • (Polish) http://skansen.nowotarski.pl Orawa Ethnographic Park
  • http://www.oravafoto.com
  • (Slovak) http://www.namestovo-orava.webnode.sk
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