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Otto Fritz Meyerhof

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Title: Otto Fritz Meyerhof  
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Subject: List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, George Wald, Frederick Gowland Hopkins, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research
Collection: 1884 Births, 1951 Deaths, American People of German-Jewish Descent, Deaths from Myocardial Infarction, Foreign Members of the Royal Society, German Biochemists, German Jews, German Jews Who Emigrated to the United States to Escape Nazism, German Nobel Laureates, Heidelberg University Alumni, Jewish American Scientists, Jewish Chemists, Jewish Emigrants from Nazi Germany to the United States, Jewish Physicians, Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine, People from Hanover, People from the Province of Brandenburg, People from the Province of Hanover, Scientists from Berlin, University of Kiel Faculty, University of Pennsylvania Faculty, University of Strasbourg Alumni
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Otto Fritz Meyerhof

Otto Fritz Meyerhof
Born (1884-04-12)12 April 1884
Hanover, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire
Died October 6, 1951(1951-10-06) (aged 67)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Nationality German
Fields Physics and Biochemistry
Alma mater University of Strasbourg
University of Heidelberg
Known for Relationship between the consumption of oxygen and the metabolism of lactic acid in the muscle
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1922[1]
Fellow of the Royal Society[2]

Otto Fritz Meyerhof ForMemRS[2] (April 12, 1884 – October 6, 1951) was a German physician and biochemist.[3][4]

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Biography

Meyerhof was born in Hildesheim,[5][6][7] the son of wealthy Jewish parents. Because Hildesheim is a smaller city, about half an hour south of Hannover, a number of biographies mistakenly list his birthplace as Hannover. He spent most of his childhood in Berlin, where he started his study of medicine. He continued these studies in Strasbourg and Heidelberg, from which he graduated in 1909, with a work titled "Contributions to the Psychological Theory of Mental Illness". In Heidelberg, he met Hedwig Schallenberg, who later became his wife. They had a daughter, Bettina Meyerhof and two sons, Gottfried (who referred to himself as Geoffrey) and Walter.[5]

In 1912, he moved to the University of Kiel, where he became professor in 1918. In 1922, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine, with Archibald Vivian Hill, for his work on muscle metabolism, including glycolysis.[8] In 1929 he became one of the directors of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research, a position he held until 1938. Fleeing the Nazi regime, he moved to Paris in 1938.[9] He then moved to the United States in 1940, where he became a guest professor at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.[5]

Meyerhof died in Philadelphia at the age of 67.[5][10]

See also

References

  1. ^ Raju, T. N. (1998). "The Nobel chronicles. 1922:  
  2. ^ a b  
  3. ^ Anon (1951). "Obituary: Otto Fritz Meyerhof". The Lancet 258 (6687): 790–792.  
  4. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1922".  
  5. ^ a b c d "Conversation with daughter, Bettina Meyerhof"
  6. ^ "Otto Fritz Meyerhof". Alenasites.com. Retrieved 2010-08-09. 
  7. ^ "Uni Kiel – Otto Fritz Meyerhof". Uni-kiel.de. 1951-10-06. Retrieved 2010-08-09. 
  8. ^ Kresge, N.; Simoni, R. D.; Hill, R. L. (2005). "Otto Fritz Meyerhof and the elucidation of the glycolytic pathway". The Journal of biological chemistry 280 (4): e3.  
  9. ^ Jean-Marc Chouraqui, Gilles Dorival, Colette Zytnicki, Enjeux d'Histoire, Jeux de Mémoire: les Usages du Passé Juif, Maisonneuve & Larose, 2006, p. 548 [2]
  10. ^ "Dr. Meyerhof, Winner Of 1923 Nobel Prize".  

External links

  • Meyerhof Curriculum Vitae and Obituary
  • National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoir
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