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Pagri

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Pagri

Pagri
Phari
Tibetan transcription(s)
 • Tibetan ཕག་རི
 • Wylie transliteration phag ri
Chinese transcription(s)
 • Traditional 帕里镇
 • Simplified 帕里镇
 • Pinyin Pàlǐ zhèn
Pagri is located in Tibet
Pagri
Pagri
Location in Tibet
Coordinates:
Country People's Republic of China
Region Tibet Autonomous Region
Prefecture Shigatse Prefecture
County Yadong
Population (2004)
 • Total 2,121
Time zone CST (UTC+8)

Pagri or Phari (Tibetan: ཕག་རི; Chinese: 帕里镇) is a town in Yadong County in the Tibet Autonomous Region, China, near the border with Bhutan. Population 2121 (2004).[1] It is one of the highest towns in the world, being about 4,300 m (14,100 ft) above sea-level.

History

Thomas Manning, the first Englishman to reach Lhasa, visited Pagri from 21 September until 5 November 1811 and had this to say about his room: "Dirt, dirt, grease, smoke. Misery, but good mutton.", a verdict which probably could have applied to the whole town.[2] Pagri was of some military importance in the early 20th century when it was occupied by the British expedition under Francis Younghusband in 1904. The Pagri Fortress (Dzong) was located here and was important for the government as it stood between Tibet and Bhutan. Pagri was a staging area en route to Gyantse and ultimately Lhasa.

During the summer of 1912, the 13th Dalai Lama met Agvan Dorzhiev at Phari Dzong and then accompanied him to the Samding Monastery, before returning to Lhasa after his exile in India.

Thubten Ngodup, the current Nechung Oracle, was born in Phari in 1957.

Environment

The houses are mostly made of Tibetan traditional stone and wood. The Pagri Valley lies in an alpine steppe zone on the south side, with an average annual temperature -0.2 ℃, and an extreme maximum temperature of 19.3 ℃.[1] Annual precipitation is about 380 mm, snow and ice melt forming rich water resources, shrubs and meadows development, a good place for the development of animal husbandry. Pagri is rich in minerals, wild animals, plants, and tourism resources. It is also a trading centre but due to geographical location is prone to natural disasters.[1] Summer flash floods, mudslides, winter avalanches, snowstorms, etc. are common, and poor facilities makes it vulnerable to disaster.[1] During the rainy season, water levels rise causing serious flooding, reducing soil quality and arable land every year, damaging the ecological environment and a threat to the inhabitants of Pagri.[1] To the northeast of Pagri is Mount Jomolhari.

Climate

Owing to its extreme altitude, Pagri has an alpine climate (Köppen ETH) that is too cold to permit the growth of trees, even though the altitude is still marginally too low for the formation of permafrost. The winter is severe in spite of the fact that no month has daytime maxima below 0 °C (32 °F), and also very dry and long, extending as late as May. Snowfall, however, is rare because of the dryness. Summers, during which the great majority of precipitation occurs, are cool even at their warmest and consistently damp even though the Himalayas prevent falls from ever being heavy.

Climate data for Pagri
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.7
(58.5)
13.8
(56.8)
15.4
(59.7)
16.6
(61.9)
16.5
(61.7)
18.1
(64.6)
18.6
(65.5)
17.3
(63.1)
16.4
(61.5)
16.8
(62.2)
16.4
(61.5)
13.2
(55.8)
18.6
(65.5)
Average high °C (°F) 0.9
(33.6)
1.4
(34.5)
3.9
(39)
7.0
(44.6)
10.0
(50)
12.5
(54.5)
12.8
(55)
12.7
(54.9)
11.4
(52.5)
8.2
(46.8)
5.3
(41.5)
3.2
(37.8)
7.4
(45.4)
Average low °C (°F) −17.2
(1)
−15
(5)
−10.4
(13.3)
−5.5
(22.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
3.0
(37.4)
4.4
(39.9)
4.0
(39.2)
1.8
(35.2)
−4.9
(23.2)
−11.7
(10.9)
−16.1
(3)
−5.7
(21.7)
Record low °C (°F) −28.7
(−19.7)
−28.4
(−19.1)
−29.8
(−21.6)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−12.5
(9.5)
−5.7
(21.7)
−1.1
(30)
−2.1
(28.2)
−6.5
(20.3)
−21.5
(−6.7)
−26.2
(−15.2)
−27.4
(−17.3)
−29.8
(−21.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5.0
(0.197)
8.8
(0.346)
21.8
(0.858)
27.9
(1.098)
31.0
(1.22)
57.1
(2.248)
104.8
(4.126)
95.7
(3.768)
54.2
(2.134)
27.9
(1.098)
4.5
(0.177)
2.8
(0.11)
441.5
(17.38)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.8 4.9 9.4 12.9 17.4 21.7 27.3 27.4 21.5 7.1 1.9 1.4 155.7
Source: Weather China [3]

References

Phari Dzong, 1938

External links

 

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