World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Palatine Bridge, Salford

Palatine Bridge
Carries Chapel Street
Crosses River Irwell
Locale Salford, England
Opened 24 August 1864

Palatine Bridge is a wrought-iron road bridge in Greater Manchester. Opened in 1864 and rebuilt in 1911, it crosses the River Irwell between Salford and Manchester.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Background 1.1
    • Construction and design 1.2
    • Repairs 1.3
  • See also 2
  • References 3

History

Background

A bridge between Chapel Street in Salford and Hunts Bank in Manchester was first proposed in 1858, as a means of improving road links between Salford and Manchester Victoria station, each separated by the River Irwell. When the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway applied to Parliament to build a railway link between Salford (New Bailey Street) station and Victoria, Salford Corporation opposed the bill, citing the township's poor access to Victoria Station. The railway company was forced by parliamentary committee to compensate the Corporation to the tune of £25,000, to be used to improve the aforementioned transport links.[1]

Construction and design

The land required on Chapel Street for the Salford approach to the proposed bridge was donated by Samuel Brooks, who as part of the deal insisted that a 150-foot abutment was built on the Salford bank of the river, to improve the rateable value of nearby properties.[1]

Designed by W. Radford, Palatine Bridge comprises a single span (125 feet on the south side, 88 feet on the north side), built from twelve wrought-iron box girders attached to stone abutments. Fixed to these girders, wrought-iron road joints support iron covering plates, which themselves support the pavements and road surface, the latter formed from 4-inch granite cubes. The gradient 1 in 30. The bridge parapets are cast iron and terminate in stone blocks. W. and J. Galloway supplied the ironwork, while A. Pilling supplied the road surface and masonry. The total cost was about £20,000. Toll-free, the bridge was opened on 24 August 1864 by the ex-mayor of Salford, James Worrall.[1]

Repairs

By 1908 the bridge's condition had deteriorated to a point where the ends of some of its corroded girders could be "turned up like bits of tin." There was some argument as to who should pay for the bridge to be repaired; a clause in the original Act requires that Salford maintain the structure in perpetuity, and Manchester therefore refused to contribute any funds.[2] A bill sent to Parliament by Salford, to enable it to undertake the work required, contains a clause forcing Manchester to contribute half the cost, but this was struck out by a parliamentary committee.[3][4]

Repairs and strengthening work were made in 1911,[5] by Heenan and Froude of Newton Heath.[6]

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ a b c Opening of the Salford Bridge, The Manchester Guardian, hosted at search.proquest.com, 25 August 1864, p. 3 
  2. ^ Salford Council: Condition of Palatine Bridge, The Manchester Guardian, hosted at search.proquest.com, 3 September 1908, p. 4 
  3. ^ Salford Public Works, The Manchester Guardian, hosted at search.proquest.com, 14 January 1909, p. 3 
  4. ^ Palatine Bridge a Salford Charge, The Manchester Guardian, hosted at search.proquest.com, 5 May 1909, p. 8 
  5. ^ Manchester in 1911: Improvement Work, The Manchester Guardian, hosted at search.proquest.com, 29 December 1911, p. 10 
  6. ^ A Night Watchman's Fall, The Manchester Guardian, hosted at search.proquest.com, 5 September 1911, p. 9 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.