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Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam

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Title: Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam  
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Subject: Ved Prakash Malik, Sundararajan Padmanabhan, India in World War II, Bikram Singh (general), D. S. Joshi
Collection: 1913 Births, 2000 Deaths, Chiefs of Army Staff (India), Companions of the Distinguished Service Order, Escapees from Italian Detention, Graduates of the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, Indian Army Personnel of World War II, Indian Escapees, Indian Prisoners of War, Kumaramangalam Family, Members of the Order of the British Empire, People Educated at Eton College, Recipients of the Padma Vibhushan, World War II Prisoners of War Held by Germany, World War II Prisoners of War Held by Italy
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Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam

P.P. Kumaramangalam
MBE DSO
Born (1913-07-01)1 July 1913
Kumaramangalam, Madras Presidency, British Raj
Died 13 March 2000(2000-03-13) (aged 86)
Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Buried at Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Allegiance  British India (till 1947)
 India (after 1947)
Service/branch Indian Army
Years of service 1933–1969
Rank General
Battles/wars World War II
Indo-Pakistan War of 1947
Sino-Indian War
Indo-Pakistan War of 1965
Awards Padma Vibhushan
Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE)
Relations Mohan Kumaramangalam (brother)

General Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam, PV, DSO, MBE (Tamil: பரமசிவ பிரபாகர் குமாரமங்கலம்) (July 1, 1913 – March 13, 2000) was the 7th Chief of Staff of the Indian Army in the period (1967–1970). He was the last of the King's Commissioned Indian Officers trained at Sandhurst in the Indian Army.

Contents

  • Early life and education 1
  • Military life 2
    • World War II 2.1
    • Positions held 2.2
    • Views on America 2.3
  • Other interests 3
  • Family 4
  • Death 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7

Early life and education

P.P. Kumaramangalam was born to the Former Chief Minister of Madras Presidency Dr. P. Subbarayan in the zamindari family of Kumaramangalam in Tamil Nadu. He had his secondary education at Eton College and graduated from the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich in England. He was commissioned into the Regiment of Artillery in 1933. He was the second Indian Officer to be commissioned into the Regiment of Artillery,[1] and was promoted to Lieutenant in 1935.[2]

Military life

World War II

During World War II, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) as a Major for action in Libya on 27 May 1942.[3] He was taken Prisoner of War (PoW) in Italy in 1942. He escaped; however he was captured again and imprisoned, this time in Germany, where he was transferred to Stalag Luft III a high security camp for PoWs. At the end of the war in 1945, he returned to India. In 1946, he was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire.[4] He became a Brigadier in 1948.

Positions held

General Kumaramangalam took over as 1965 War. He served in the Indian Army with distinction for 36 years until his retirement on 7 June 1969. He received the Padma Vibushan in 1970.

Views on America

General Kumaramangalam trained at the artillery school in Fort Sill, Oklahoma. From his letters it is evident he wasn't very impressed with the Americans. He saw them as suffering from an "aggressive inferiority complex" and cautioned a newly independent India against coming under American influence. The following is an excerpt from a letter written by him to C. Rajagopalachari in 1947:

"This country is not one that I will ever get fond of. I have not got a very high opinion of them. The people that I have to deal with are very kind, hospitable and have been very good to the two of us. But somehow I feel there is a trace of artificiality in that and also it is the result of trying to impress one. They I think are very jealous of the old world and its background and culture and this results in an aggressive inferiority complex. As for their state of morality, there is none. People seem to delight in trying to outwit each other by any means, mainly crooked. The politicians are racketeers and big business has a tight grip on everything in the country. The small country trader and the farmer I think have their hands securely tied by the big men. I do hope that our country proceeds with caution and doesn't get entirely under the influence of the States."[5]

Other interests

He was also a polo player, horseman, show jumper, and cricketer. He was a member of the Marylebone Cricket Club, a fellow of the Royal Horticultural Society, and president of Indian Polo Association and Equestrian Federation of India. On retirement as army chief, he was elected President of the World Wildlife Fund - India (WWF-India) during its formative stages.

Family

His brother was the renowned politician Mohan Kumaramangalam.

Death

He died following a heart attack on 13 March 2000.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/33974/pages/5733
  2. ^ http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/34173/pages/4012
  3. ^ http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/35665/pages/3543
  4. ^ http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/37536/supplements/1949
  5. ^ P.P. Kumaramangalam to C. Rajagopalachari, 22 December 1947, in File 82, Fifth Installment, C. Rajagopalachari Papers, NMML.
Military offices
Preceded by
Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri
Chief of Army Staff
1966–1969
Succeeded by
Sam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw
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