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Parishes of Jamaica

Parishes of Jamaica
Category Unitary state
Location Jamaica
Number 14 Parishes
Populations 68,000 (Hanover) – 541,000 (Saint Andrew)
Areas 25 km2 (9.7 sq mi) (Kingston) - 1,213 km2 (468 sq mi) (Saint Ann)
Government Parish government, National government
Subdivisions Cities, Towns, Villages
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Jamaica

Administratively, Jamaica is divided into fourteen parishes. They are grouped into three historic counties, which have no administrative relevance. Every parish has a coast; none are landlocked.

The traditional county towns were Savanna-la-Mar for Cornwall County, Spanish Town for Middlesex County, and Kingston for Surrey County.


  Parish Area
km²
Population
Census 2011
Capital
Cornwall County
1 Hanover 450.4 69,533 Lucea
2 Saint Elizabeth 1,212.4 150,205 Black River
3 Saint James 594.9 183,811 Montego Bay
4 Trelawny 874.6 75,164 Falmouth
5 Westmoreland 807.0 144,103 Savanna-la-Mar
Middlesex County
6 Clarendon 1,196.3 245,103 May Pen
7 Manchester 830.1 189,797 Mandeville
8 Saint Ann 1,212.6 172,362 Saint Ann's Bay
9 Saint Catherine 1,192.4 516,218 Spanish Town
10 Saint Mary 610.5 113,615 Port Maria
Surrey County
11 Kingston Parish(1) (2) 21.8 89,057 Kingston
12 Portland 814.0 81,744 Port Antonio
13 Saint Andrew(1) 430.7 573,369 Half Way Tree
14 Saint Thomas 742.8 93,902 Morant Bay
  Jamaica 10,991.0 2,697,983 Kingston

(1) The parishes of Kingston and Saint Andrew together form the Kingston and St. Andrew Corporation.
(2) The parish of Kingston does not encompass all of the city of Kingston. Most of the city is in the parish of St. Andrew.


Map of the parishes of Jamaica.

Former Parishes

Parishes have been a feature of local administration in Jamaica since the island was captured by the English in 1655.[1] The number has varied over time and some no longer exist having either been absorbed into or divided between neighbouring parishes.[1] At the peak, 1841–1865, there were 22 (the current 14 plus those listed below).[1]

The current set of parishes was established in 1866 with the elimination of the 8 listed below (roughly by county):[1]

Surrey:

  • Port Royal (now divided between Kingston and Saint Andrew)
  • Saint George (now divided between Saint Mary and Portland)
  • Saint David (now part of Saint Thomas)

Middlesex:

  • Metcalfe (now part of Saint Mary)
  • Saint Dorothy (now part of Saint Catherine)
  • Saint John (now part of Saint Catherine)
  • Saint Thomas in the Vale (now part of Saint Catherine) – note that the current Saint Thomas used to be named "Saint Thomas in the East" to differentiate between the two parishes at the time.
  • Vere (now part of Clarendon)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Prestwidge, Bill. "Jamaican Parish Reference". Retrieved 2009-10-24. 

External links

  • Jamaican Parish Reference, a concise and well illustrated history of parish naming in Jamaica.
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