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Pawhuska, Oklahoma

Pawhuska, Oklahoma
Historic Downtown Pawhuska
Historic Downtown Pawhuska
Location of Pawhuska, Oklahoma
Location of Pawhuska, Oklahoma
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Osage
 • Total 3.8 sq mi (9.7 km2)
 • Land 3.8 sq mi (9.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 820 ft (250 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,584
 • Density 966.4/sq mi (373.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 74009, 74056
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-57600[1]
GNIS feature ID 1096476[2]

Pawhuska is a city in and the county seat of Osage County, Oklahoma, United States,[3] and the capital of the federally recognized Osage Nation. It is in the Tulsa metropolitan area, which includes part of Osage County.

The population of the city was 3,589 at the 2010 census, a decline of 1.2 percent from 3,629 at the 2000 census.[4] It was named after the 19th-century Osage chief, Paw-Hiu-Skah, which means "White Hair" in English.[5]


  • Pawhuska Chamber of Commerce
  • Pawhuska Public Schools
  • Osage Nation official site
  • Pawhuska Dot Com

External links

  • Kenny A. Franks, The Osage Oil Boom (Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Heritage Association, 1989). *Osage County Profiles (Pawhuska, Okla.: Osage County Historical Society, 1978).
  • "Pawhuska," Vertical File, Research Division, Oklahoma Historical Society, Oklahoma City.
  • Les Warehime, History of Ranching the Osage (Tulsa, Okla.: W. W. Publishing, 2000).

Further reading

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ MuniNet Guide: Pawhuska, Oklahoma.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture.Jon D. May, "Pawhuska." Acccessed 30 Jan 2010
  6. ^ .Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and CultureJon D. May, "Osage County", Retrieved September 25, 2011.
  7. ^ "Major General Clarence L. Tinker", Retrieved January 17, 2012.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ Osage County Historical Museum
  11. ^ "Osage historian, lecturer Louis Burns dies at 92". Pawhuska Journal-Capital (Osage Nation Museum). 2012-05-22. Retrieved 2012-06-09. 
  12. ^ "Lucy Tayiah Eads". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 


Sister cities

Notable people

The 2013 film, August: Osage County, was set in Osage County.

KPGM Radio, 1500 AM featuring local news until 8:00am and the Sports Animal Format out of Oklahoma City.


The first Church of England.[10] On Independence day weekend 2009, the Pawhuska boy scout troop celebrated its centennial with a mini-jamboree attended by over 300 scouts from across the United States.


Tracy Letts' Pulitzer Prize-winning play August: Osage County (2007) is set in a country house near Pawhuska.

Pawhuska City Hall in 2007


Pawhuska has a home rule charter form of government.[5]


The median income for a household in the city was $25,156, and the median income for a family was $31,599. Males had a median income of $25,682 versus $17,690 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,916. About 13.7% of families and 17.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 14.9% of those age 65 or over.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.2 males.

There were 1,513 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.02.

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 3,629 people, 1,513 households, and 954 families residing in the city. The population density was 966.4 people per square mile (372.7/km²). There were 1,802 housing units at an average density of 479.9 per square mile (185.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.98% White, 2.78% African American, 25.46% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.52% from other races, and 6.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.85% of the population.


The Tallgrass Prairie Preserve is north of the town.[5]

Pawhuska is located at (36.669194, -96.333048).[8] It is 57 miles (92 km) northwest of Tulsa.[5] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2), all of it land.


Other than cattle ranches nearby, local employment consisted primarily of a brick plant, a creamery, an ice factory, and a rock crusher.[5] The Osage Nation has opened a gaming casino here, hoping to generate revenue for the tribe.

During the Osage oil boom of the 1910s and 1920s, Pawhuska was the site of public lease options. The population grew to 6,414 by 1920. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad extended its line from Owen, a community in Washington County, to Pawhuska in 1923. As the oil boom declined and the Great Depression set in, the population declined. The steady decline has continued through each census to the present.

The Midland Valley Railroad reached Pawhuska in September 1905. By the time of statehood in 1907, the town population was 2,407.[5]

The town, originally known as Deep Ford,[6] was established in 1872 with the reservation for the Clarence L. Tinker, highest-ranking Native American officer in the US Army.[7] The first post office opened in 1876.[5]

The Osage tribal museum is in a building constructed in 1872 of local limestone.



  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Government 4
  • Literature 5
  • Scouting 6
  • Media 7
  • Notable people 8
  • Sister cities 9
  • References 10
  • Further reading 11
  • External links 12


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