World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Peace through strength

"Peace through strength" is an ancient phrase and concept implying that strength of arms is a necessary component of peace. The phrase is quite old; it has famously been used by many leaders from Sebastian, Florida, claimed a trademark of the phrase.[2] The trademark was cancelled in 2013 as part of a lawsuit settlement.[3]


  • History 1
    • America 1.1
      • Ronald Reagan and Republican Party 1.1.1
  • Criticism 2
  • Trademark dispute 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5


The phrase and concept date to ancient times. Roman Emperor Hadrian (AD 76-138) is said to have sought "peace through strength or, failing that, peace through threat."[4] Hadrian's Wall was a symbol of this policy.[5]


Peace Through Strength (1952) is the title of a book about a defense plan by Bernard Baruch, a World War II adviser to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, published by Farrar, Straus and Young.[6] During the 1964 American Presidential campaign, the Republican party spent about $5 million on "Peace through Strength" TV spots.[7] For supporters of the MX missile in the 1970s, the missile symbolized "peace through strength."[8]

Ronald Reagan and Republican Party

In 1980, Ronald Reagan used the phrase during his election challenge against Jimmy Carter, accusing the incumbent of weak, vacillating leadership that invited enemies to attack the USA and its allies.[9][10] Reagan later considered it one of the mainstays of his foreign policy as President.[11] In 1983, he explained it thus:

"We know that peace is the condition under which mankind was meant to flourish. Yet peace does not exist of its own will. It depends on us, on our courage to build it and guard it and pass it on to future generations. George Washington's words may seem hard and cold today, but history has proven him right again and again. "To be prepared for war," he said, "is one of the most effective means of preserving peace." Well, to those who think strength provokes conflict, Will Rogers had his own answer. He said of the world heavyweight champion of his day: "I've never seen anyone insult Jack Dempsey."[12]

The approach was credited by many for forcing the Soviet Union to lose the arms race and end the Cold War.[13] "Peace Through Strength" is the official motto of the Nimitz-class nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, USS Ronald Reagan (CVN-76).[14]

"Peace Through Strength" appeared in the Republican Party platforms of 1980,[15] 1984,[16] 1988,[17] 1992,[18] 1996,[19] 2000,[20] 2008[21] and 2012.[22][23][24][25]


For Andrew Bacevich, "belief in the efficacy of military power almost inevitably breeds the temptation to put that power to work. 'Peace through strength' easily enough becomes 'peace through war.'"[26]

Jim George of

  1. ^ Bruce Russett (2009). World Politics: The Menu for Choice. Cengage Learning. p. 325. 
  2. ^ a b Sommer, Will (September 14, 2012). "No Peace for Hawkish Think Tanks Over Reagan Slogan". Washington City Paper. 
  3. ^ a b  
  4. ^ Elizabeth Speller (Oct 14, 2004). Following Hadrian?. Oxford University Press. p. 69. 
  5. ^ Martin Wainwright (14 March 2010). "Legions of sightseers attend Hadrian's Wall illumination". Retrieved September 15, 2012. Designed as a symbol of Hadrian's contemporary-sounding policy of "peace through strength", the wall marked the northern frontier of the Roman empire. 
  6. ^
  7. ^ Steven A. Seidman (2008). Posters, Propaganda, and Persuasion in Election Campaigns Around the World and Through History. Peter Lang. p. 76. 
  8. ^  
  9. ^  
  10. ^ "Peace Through Strength (1980 Political Commercial)".  
  11. ^  
  12. ^
  13. ^ Jeffrey Arthur Larsen (2005). "Peace through Strength". Historical Dictionary Of Arms Control And Disarmament. Scarecrow Press. p. 168. 
  14. ^ Peace Through Strength' - The Official Web Site of CVN 76 USS Ronald Reagan"'". United States Navy. Retrieved October 12, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Republican Party Platform of 1980". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved October 12, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Republican Party Platform of 1984". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved October 12, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Republican Party Platform of 1988". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved October 12, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Republican Platform of 1992". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved October 12, 2012. 
  19. ^ "Republican Party Platform of 1996". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved October 12, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Republican Party Platform of 2000". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved October 12, 2012. 
  21. ^ "2008 Republican Party Platform". The American Presidenty Project. Retrieved October 12, 2012. 
  22. ^ Republican Platform. "We Believe in America". Republican National Committee. Retrieved October 12, 2012. 
  23. ^ Huntley, Steve (October 8, 2012). "Romney's Foreign Policy: Peace Through Strength". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved October 12, 2012. 
  24. ^ Editorial (October 8, 2012). "Romney's Peace Through Strength". Washington Times. Retrieved October 12, 2012. 
  25. ^ Walshe, Shushannah (September 12, 2012). "'"Paul Ryan Describes Mitt Romney Foreign Policy as the 'Peace Through Strength Doctrine. The Note, ABC News. 
  26. ^  
  27. ^ Jim George (June 2005). "Leo Strauss, Neoconservatism and US Foreign Policy: Esoteric Nihilism and the Bush Doctrine". International Politics (Palgrave Macmillan) 42 (2): 174–202.  
  28. ^ John Lofland (1993). Polite Protesters: The American Peace Movement of the 1980s. Syracuse University Press. pp. 103–104. 
  29. ^ Eric Appleman, ed. (2008). The Race for the 2008 Democratic Nomination: A Book of Editorial Cartoons. Pelican Publishing. p. 29. 
  30. ^ "The American Security Council Mission Statement". Retrieved 9 August 2010. 
  31. ^  
  32. ^ "Peace Through Strength". United States Patent and Trademark Office. April 5, 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2012. 
  33. ^ "American Security Council Foundation v. Center for Security Policy, Inc. et al". District of Columbia District Court. Justia. September 7, 2012. 


See also

[3] Following a counterclaim by the CSP alleging that the trademark application had been fradulent, on August 5, 2013, the ACSF announced that it had settled the lawsuit with the CSP and would cancel their trademark claim.[2] article 'Peace through strength' so that it was "drenched in .. ASCF references."WorldHeritage to ridicule ASCF's Director of Operations, Gary James, who had apparently been editing the online encyclopedia Washington City Paper prompting the [33],Frank Gaffney In September 2012, ASCF filed a trademark infringement lawsuit against CSP and [32] The ASCF registered a trademark for the phrase in April 2011.[31] (CSP) have also used the term in print.Center for Security Policy and the Heritage Foundation The [30] During Reagan's presidency, the non-profit

Trademark dispute

The mock inversion "strength through peace" has been used on occasion to draw criticism to the militaristic system of diplomacy advocated by "peace through strength".[28] Ohio Congressman Dennis Kucinich adopted the slogan "Strength Through Peace" during his 2008 Presidential run, as part of his platform as a peace candidate in opposition to the Iraq War.[29]


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.