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People's Union (Belgium)

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People's Union (Belgium)

People's Union
Volksunie
Founded 1954
Preceded by Christian Flemish People's Union
Succeeded by New Flemish Alliance (right-wing faction) and Spirit (centre-left faction)
Ideology Flemish nationalism, federalism
European affiliation European Free Alliance
Politics of Belgium
Political parties
Elections

People's Union (Dutch: Volksunie, VU) was a Flemish nationalist[1][2][3] political party in Belgium, formed in 1954 as a successor to the Christian Flemish People's Union.[4]

The party initially proved successful and had members elected to the Chamber of Representatives (five) and the Senate (two) of the Belgian Federal Parliament in 1961. The party continued to grow in stature and reached the 11.0% at the national level in 1978 elections, gaining 21 representatives. Generally, however, the Volksunie preferred to position itself around the Centrism and saw itself as a coalition of various shades of Flemish thought.

The acceptance of Vlaams Blok, becoming a much stronger political force and surpassing Volksunie at the beginning of the 1990s (6.6% against VU's 5.9% in 1991 elections).

The Volksunie was a member of the European Free Alliance.[5][6]

Volksunie continued its decline (5.6% in 1999 elections against the 9.9% of the Blok), while the left-right struggle re-emerged in 2001, and finally the party split into the New-Flemish Alliance (the right-wing) and Spirit (the left-wing). Both parties were participating in federal and regional elections as part of a cartel, the New-Flemish Alliance forming an alliance with CD&V, and Spirit with the SP.a, but in the meantime these cartels split up.

Contents

  • Electoral results 1
    • Federal Parliament 1.1
    • Regional parliaments 1.2
      • Flemish Parliament 1.2.1
    • European Parliament 1.3
  • References 2
  • See also 3

Electoral results

Federal Parliament

Chamber of Representatives
Election year # of overall votes % of overall vote % of language
group vote
# of overall seats won # of language
group seats won
+/- Government Notes
1954 113,632 2.2 (#6)
1 / 212
in opposition
1958 104,823 2.0 (#5)
1 / 212
0 in opposition
1961 182,407 3.1 (#4)
5 / 212
4 in opposition
1965 346,860 6.7 (#4)
12 / 212
7 in opposition
1968 506,697 9.8 (#4)
20 / 212
8 in opposition
1971 586,917 11.1 (#3)
21 / 212
1 in opposition
1974 536,287 10.0 (#4)
22 / 212
1 in opposition
1977 559,567 10.0
20 / 212
2 in coalition
1978 388,762 7.0
14 / 212
6 in coalition
1981 588,436 9.8
20 / 212
6 in opposition
1985 477,755 7.9
16 / 212
4 in opposition
1987 495,120 8.1
16 / 212
0 in coalition
1991 363,124 5.9
10 / 212
6 in opposition
1995 283,516 4.7
5 / 150
5 in opposition
1999 345,576 5.6
8 / 150
3 in opposition

Regional parliaments

Flemish Parliament

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of language
group vote
# of
overall seats won
# of language
group seats won
+/– Government Notes
1995 338,173 9.0
9 / 124
in opposition
1999 359,226 9.3
11 / 124
2 in coalition

European Parliament

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of electoral
college vote
# of
overall seats won
# of electoral
college seats won
+/– Notes
1979 324,540 9.7
1 / 24
1 / 13
1984 484,494 13.9
2 / 24
2 / 13
1
1989 318,153 8.7
1 / 24
1 / 13
1
1994 262,043 7.1
1 / 25
1 / 14
0
1999 471,238 7.6 12.2
2 / 25
2 / 14
1

References

  1. ^ Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko; Matti Mälkiä (2007). Encyclopedia of Digital Government. Idea Group Inc (IGI). pp. 397–.  
  2. ^ Thomas Poguntke; Paul Webb (21 June 2007). The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies. Oxford University Press. pp. 158–.  
  3. ^ Alan T. Arwine; Lawrence C. Mayer (10 June 2013). The Changing Basis of Political Conflict in Advanced Western Democracies: The Politics of Identity in the United States, the Netherlands, and Belgium. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 83–.  
  4. ^ Sonia Alonso (26 April 2012). Challenging the State: Devolution and the Battle for Partisan Credibility: A Comparison of Belgium, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom. Oxford University Press. pp. 95–.  
  5. ^ Lucas F. Bruyning (1990). Italy - Europe. Rodopi. pp. 18–.  
  6. ^ Andrew C. Gould; Anthony M. Messina (17 February 2014). Europe's Contending Identities: Supranationalism, Ethnoregionalism, Religion, and New Nationalism. Cambridge University Press. pp. 132–.  

See also

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