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Petar Svačić

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Title: Petar Svačić  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ladislaus I of Hungary, Battle of Gvozd Mountain, Coloman, King of Hungary, Kingdom of Croatia (925–1102), Croatian nobility
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Petar Svačić

Death of the Last Croatian King, by Oton Iveković
King of Croatia (nominal)
Reign 1093–1097
Predecessor Stephen II
Successor Coloman
Died 1097
Mount Gvozd
House House of Snačić
King Petar Snačić monument on the Miljevci plateau above Visovac island in the Krka National Park

Petar Snačić (Svačić) was a feudal lord, notable for being one of the claimants of the Croatian throne during the wars of succession (c. 1093–1097). It is assumed that he began as a Krka canyon), Croatia. He died in 1097 and was the last native king of Croatia (reigned 1093–1097).

Struggle for the succession

Croatian Kingdom during Petar Snačić reign.

He assumed the throne amid deep tension throughout the Kingdom. His predecessor, Stjepan II (1089–1091) died without leaving an heir, sparking a major political crisis. Jelena or Ilona, the widow of King Dmitar Zvonimir (1074–1089) supported her brother, King Ladislaus I of Hungary, in the inheritance of the throne of Croatia. Meanwhile, as a part of Croatia's dignitaries and clergy did not support Ladislaus' claim, they elected nobleman Petar as King, who immediately deployed the military to defend Croatia's borders from Hungarian attack. However it was too late. Ladislaus, who had probably devised a military strategy two years earlier, launched an offensive and managed to breach Croatian lines along the Drava River. The well-prepared Hungarians soon occupied the entire province of Slavonia but were halted by the Croats at Mount Gvozd (nears today's Karlovac).

Shortly after his army's success, Ladislaus died (1095), leaving his nephew Coloman to continue the campaign. King Petar's troops maintained their resistance repelling Hungarian assaults for nearly two years. Coloman grew frustrated at his army's impotence and in 1097 assembled an enormous force at the eastern foot of Mount Gvozd. The subsequent offensive was brutal and absolute, resulting in Petar's death. His heroism was commemorated in the renaming of Mount Gvozd

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