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Peter Green (musician)

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Title: Peter Green (musician)  
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Subject: The Green Manalishi, Fleetwood Mac, John Mayall, Bobby Tench, Albatross (instrumental)
Collection: 1946 Births, 20Th-Century English Singers, 21St-Century English Singers, Blues Harmonica Players, Blues Rock Musicians, Blues Singer-Songwriters, British Blues (Genre) Musicians, British Blues Musicians, British Harmonica Players, British Rhythm and Blues Boom Musicians, Contemporary Blues Musicians, Electric Blues Musicians, English Blues Guitarists, English Blues Musicians, English Blues Singers, English Expatriates in Sweden, English Guitarists, English Jews, English Male Singers, English Rock Guitarists, English Rock Musicians, English Rock Singers, English Singer-Songwriters, English Songwriters, Epic Records Artists, Fleetwood Mac Members, Jewish English Musicians, Jewish Musicians, Jewish Singers, John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers Members, Lead Guitarists, Living People, People from Bethnal Green, People with Schizophrenia, Reprise Records Artists, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductees, Singers from London
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Peter Green (musician)

Peter Green
Green with harmonica and guitar (Bilston, England 17 December 2009)
Background information
Birth name Peter Allen Greenbaum
Born (1946-10-29) 29 October 1946
Bethnal Green, London, England
Genres Blues rock, blues, rock
Occupation(s) Musician, songwriter
Instruments Vocals, guitar, bass guitar, harmonica
Years active 1966–present
Labels Epic, Reprise, PVK, Creole
Associated acts John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers, Fleetwood Mac, Peter Green Splinter Group, Gass, Peter B's Looners, Otis Spann, Willie Dixon, B.B. King
Notable instruments
Gibson Signature Les Paul model
Fender Stratocaster
Gibson Howard Roberts Fusion

Peter Green (born Peter Allen Greenbaum; 29 October 1946)[1] is a British blues rock guitarist and the founder of the band Fleetwood Mac. Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998 for his work with the group, Green's songs such as "Albatross", "Black Magic Woman", "Oh Well" and "Man of the World" have been recorded by artists such as Santana, Aerosmith, Status Quo,[2] Black Crowes, Midge Ure,[3] Tom Petty,[4] Judas Priest[5] and Gary Moore, who recorded Blues for Greeny, a covers album of Green's compositions.

A major figure and bandleader in the "second great epoch"[6] of the British blues movement, Green inspired B.B. King to say, "He has the sweetest tone I ever heard; he was the only one who gave me the cold sweats."[7][8] Eric Clapton and Jimmy Page have both lauded his guitar playing.[9] Green's playing was noted for its idiomatic string bending and vibrato[6] and economy[10] of style.

He was ranked 38th in Rolling Stone's list of the "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time".[11] His tone on the Bluesbreakers instrumental "The Supernatural" was rated as one of the 50 greatest of all time by Guitar Player.[12] In June 1996 Green was voted the third-best guitarist of all time in Mojo magazine.[13][14]


  • Career 1
    • Early years 1.1
    • John Mayall's Bluesbreakers 1.2
    • Fleetwood Mac 1.3
    • Post-Fleetwood Mac 1.4
    • Illness and first re-emergence 1.5
    • Peter Green Splinter Group 1.6
  • Playing style and song writing 2
  • Equipment 3
  • Influence 4
  • Personal life 5
  • Discography 6
    • Solo albums 6.1
  • References 7
  • Further reading 8
  • External links 9


Early years

Green was born in Bethnal Green, London. He first played in a band called Bobby Dennis and the Dominoes, which performed pop chart covers and rock 'n' roll standards, including Shadows covers. He later stated that Hank Marvin was his guitar hero and he played the Shadows song Midnight on the 1996 tribute album "Twang." He went on to join rhythm and blues outfit the Muskrats, then a band called The Tridents in which he played bass. In 1966, Green played lead guitar in Peter Bardens' band "Peter B's Looners", where he met drummer Mick Fleetwood. It was with Peter B's Looners that he made his recording début with the single "If You Wanna Be Happy" with "Jodrell Blues" as a B-side.[15] His recording of "If You Wanna Be Happy" was an instrumental cover of a song by Jimmy Soul.[16]

John Mayall's Bluesbreakers

After three months with Bardens' group, Green had the opportunity to fill in for Eric Clapton in John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers for three concerts. Soon after, when Clapton left the Bluesbreakers, he became a full-time member of Mayall's band.[6]

Mike Vernon, a producer at Decca, recalls Green's début with the Bluesbreakers:

Green made his recording debut in 1966 with the Bluesbreakers on the album A Hard Road (1967),[17] which featured two of his own compositions, "The Same Way" and "The Supernatural". The latter was one of Green's first instrumentals, which would soon become a trademark. So proficient was he that his musician friends bestowed upon him the nickname "The Green God".[18]

In 1967, Green decided to form his own blues band and left the Bluesbreakers.[6]

Fleetwood Mac

Peter Green, 18 March 1970

Green's new band, with ex-Bluesbreaker Mick Fleetwood on drums and Jeremy Spencer on guitar, was initially called "Peter Green's Fleetwood Mac featuring Jeremy Spencer". Bob Brunning was temporarily employed on bass guitar, as Green's first choice Bluesbreakers' bassist John McVie was not yet ready to join the band.[19] Within a month they played at the Windsor National Jazz and Blues Festival in August 1967 and were quickly signed to Mike Vernon's Blue Horizon label. Their repertoire consisted mainly of blues covers and originals, mostly written by Green but some by slide guitarist Spencer. The band's first single, "I Believe My Time Ain't Long" with "Rambling Pony" as a B-side, did not chart but their eponymous debut album made a significant impression, remaining in the British charts for over a year. By September 1967, John McVie had replaced Brunning.

Although classic blues covers and blues-styled originals remained prominent in the band's repertoire through this period, Green rapidly blossomed as a writer and contributed many successful original compositions from 1968 onwards. The songs chosen for single release showed Green's style gradually moving away from the group's blues roots into new musical territory. Their second studio album Mr. Wonderful was released in 1968 and continued the formula of the first album. In the same year they scored a hit with Green's "Black Magic Woman" (later covered more successfully by Santana), followed by the guitar instrumental "Albatross" (1969), which reached number one in the British singles charts. More hits written by Green followed, including "Oh Well", "Man of the World" (both 1969) and the ominous "The Green Manalishi" (1970).[16] The double album Blues Jam in Chicago (1969)[20] was recorded at the Chess Records Ter-Mar Studio in Chicago. There, under the joint supervision of Vernon and Marshall Chess, they recorded with some of their American blues heroes including Otis Spann, Big Walter Horton, Willie Dixon, J.T. Brown and Buddy Guy.

In 1969, after signing to Immediate Records for one single (prior to that label's collapse) the group signed with Warner Bros. Records' Reprise Records label and recorded their fourth studio album Then Play On, prominently featuring the group's new third guitarist Danny Kirwan. Green had first seen Kirwan in 1967, playing with his blues trio Boilerhouse, with Trevor Stevens on bass and Dave Terrey on drums.[21] Green was impressed with Kirwan's playing and used the band as a support act for Fleetwood Mac, before finally recruiting Kirwan to his own band. Spencer, however, made virtually no contribution to Then Play On, owing to his reported refusal to play on any of Green's original material.

Beginning with "Man of the World"'s melancholy lyric, Green's bandmates began to notice changes in his state of mind. He was taking large doses of LSD, grew a beard and began to wear robes and a crucifix. Mick Fleetwood recalls Green becoming concerned about wealth: "I had conversations with Peter Green around that time and he was obsessive about us not making money, wanting us to give it all away. And I'd say, 'Well you can do it, I don't wanna do that, and that doesn't make me a bad person".[16]

While touring Europe in late March 1970, Green took LSD at a party at a commune in Munich, an incident cited by Fleetwood Mac manager Clifford Davis as the crucial point in his mental decline.[22] Communard Rainer Langhans mentions in his autobiography that he and Uschi Obermaier met Green in Munich, where they invited him to their Highfisch-Kommune. Their real intention was to persuade Green to help arrange for Jimi Hendrix and The Rolling Stones to perform as headline acts at a Woodstock-styled festival in Bavaria. Fleetwood Mac roadie Dinky Dawson remembers that Green went to the party with another roadie, Dennis Keane, and that when Keane returned to the band's hotel to explain that Green would not leave the commune, Keane, Dawson and Mick Fleetwood travelled there to fetch Green.[23] By contrast, Green stated that he had fond memories of jamming at the commune when speaking in 2009: "I had a good play there, it was great, someone recorded it, they gave me a tape. There were people playing along, a few of us just fooling around and it was... yeah it was great." He told Jeremy Spencer at the time "That's the most spiritual music I've ever recorded in my life." After a final performance on 20 May 1970, Green left Fleetwood Mac.[24]

Post-Fleetwood Mac

In late June 1970, Green appeared at the jam session entitled The End of the Game. In 1971 he had a brief reunion with Fleetwood Mac, helping them to complete a US tour after guitarist Jeremy Spencer had left the group, under the pseudonym Peter Blue.[25] He recorded two tracks for the album Juju with Bobby Tench's band Gass;[26] a solo single and another with Nigel Watson, sessions with B. B. King in London in 1972 and an uncredited appearance on Fleetwood Mac's Penguin LP in 1973, on the song "Night Watch". Green's mental illness and drug use had become entrenched at this time and he faded into professional obscurity.[16]

In the early 2000s there were rumours of a reunion of the early line-up of Fleetwood Mac, involving Peter Green and Jeremy Spencer. The two guitarists and vocalists were apparently unconvinced of the merits of such a project,[27] but in April 2006, during a question-and-answer session on the Penguin Fleetwood Mac fan website, bassist John McVie said of the reunion idea:

"If we could get Peter and Jeremy to do it, I'd probably, maybe, do it. I know Mick would do it in a flash. Unfortunately, I don't think there's much chance of Danny doing it. Bless his heart."[28]

Illness and first re-emergence

Green was eventually diagnosed with schizophrenia and spent time in psychiatric hospitals undergoing electroconvulsive therapy during the mid-1970s. Many sources attest to his lethargic, trancelike state during this period.[29] In 1977, he was arrested for threatening his accountant Clifford Davis with a shotgun. The exact circumstances are the subject of much speculation, the most popular being that Green wanted Davis to stop sending money to him. In the 2011 BBC documentary "Peter Green: Man Of The World",[30] he stated that at the time he had just returned from Canada needing money and that, during a telephone conversation with his accounts manager, he alluded to the fact that he had brought back a gun from his travels. His accounts manager promptly called the police who surrounded Green's house.[31] After this incident he was sent to a psychiatric institution in London.

Green performing on 30 May 1983

In 1979 Green began to re-emerge professionally. With the help of his brother Michael he was signed to Peter Vernon-Kell's PVK label, and produced a string of solo albums starting with 1979's In the Skies. He also made an uncredited appearance on Fleetwood Mac's double album Tusk, on the song "Brown Eyes", released the same year.

In 1981, he contributed to "Rattlesnake Shake" and "Super Brains" on Mick Fleetwood's solo album The Visitor. He recorded various sessions with a number of other musicians notably the Katmandu album A Case for the Blues with Ray Dorset of Mungo Jerry, Vincent Crane from The Crazy World of Arthur Brown and Len Surtees of The Nashville Teens. Despite attempts by Gibson Guitar Corporation to start talks about producing a "Peter Green signature Les Paul" guitar, Green's instrument of choice at this time was a Gibson Howard Roberts Fusion.[32] In 1986 Peter and his brother Micky contributed to the album A Touch of Sunburn by Lawrie 'The Raven' Gaines (under the group name 'The Enemy Within').[33] This album has been re-issued many times under such titles as "Post Modern Blues" and "Peter Green and Mick Green – Two Greens Make a Blues", often crediting Pirates guitarist Mick Green.

Peter Green Splinter Group

Green formed the Peter Green Splinter Group in the late 1990s, with the assistance of Nigel Watson and Cozy Powell. The Splinter Group released nine albums between 1997 and 2004.

Early in 2004, a tour was cancelled and the recording of a new studio album stopped when Green left the band and moved to Sweden.[34] Shortly afterwards he joined The British Blues All Stars, for a tour scheduled for the next year. However, this tour was cancelled after the death of saxophonist Dick Heckstall-Smith. At the time, Green stated that the medication he was taking to treat his psychological problems was making it hard for him to concentrate and sapped his desire to play guitar.

In February 2009 he began playing and touring again, this time as Peter Green and Friends. In May 2009 he was the subject for the BBC Four documentary "Peter Green: Man of the World", produced by Henry Hadaway. Green and the band subsequently played a tour of Ireland, Germany and England. They went on to play several dates in Australia during March 2010, including the Byron Bay Bluesfest. The band were supported by singer-songwriter Garron Frith on their UK tour dates during May 2010.

Playing style and song writing

Green has been praised for his swinging shuffle grooves and soulful phrases and favoured the minor mode and its darker blues implications.[6] His distinct tone can be heard on "The Super-Natural", an instrumental written by Green for John Mayall and the Bluesbreakers' 1967 album A Hard Road. This song demonstrates Green's control of harmonic feedback.[6] The sound is characterized by a shivering vibrato, clean cutting tones and a series of ten-second sustained notes. These tones were achieved by Green controlling feedback on a Les Paul guitar.[12] Perhaps the best example of Green's economy and sense of proportion – alongside an exquisite tone – is found on John Mayall's recording of the Elmore James classic 'It Hurts Me Too'.

Green remains ambivalent about his songwriting success and more recently stated to Guitar Player magazine:


Early in his career he played a Harmony Meteor, a cheap hollow-body guitar, but quickly started playing a Gibson Les Paul with The Bluesbreakers, a guitar which was often referred to as his "magic guitar". In 2000 he told Guitar Player magazine: "I never had a magic one. Mine wasn't magic...It just barely worked." In part, his unique tone derived from the neck pickup having been installed with the magnet in reverse at the factory, resulting in an out of phase sound. On stage with Fleetwood Mac, he used a Fender amplifier with a spring reverb effect. Though he played other guitars, he is best known for deriving a unique tone from his 1959 Gibson Les Paul.[8][35]

In the early 1970s he sold his signature 1959 Gibson Les Paul Standard guitar to Northern Irish guitarist Gary Moore.[18]

In the 1990s he played a 1960s Fender Stratocaster and his Gibson Howard Roberts Fusion, using Fender Blues DeVille and Vox AC30 amplifiers.[6]

In 2000s he began to play his ebony coloured Gibson Les Paul guitar again. Green signed and sold this guitar, which had been customised to sound similar to his "Green Burst Les Paul", which is now owned by Metallica's lead guitarist Kirk Hammet.

In more recent years Green reverted to playing his Gibson Howard Roberts Fusion guitar.[32]


Many rock guitarists have cited Peter Green as an influence, most notably Gary Moore,[36] Aerosmith guitarist Joe Perry,[37] Steve Hackett and Wishbone Ash guitarist Andy Powell.[38] Green was The Black Crowes' Rich Robinson's pick in Guitar World's "30 on 30: The Greatest Guitarists Picked by the Greatest Guitarists" (2010). In the same article Robinson cites Jimmy Page, with whom the Crowes toured: "...he told us so many Peter Green stories. It was clear that Jimmy loves the man’s talent".[9]

In an interview with Dan Forte from Guitar World magazine, which was reprinted in Guitar Legends in 1993, Eric Clapton acknowledged Green's skills as a guitar player when recalling a chance meeting with him in the mid-1980s:

. In the same interview Clapton stated "He is one of the best. It's all there".. In an interview with Guitar Player in 2000, Green acknowledged Clapton's influence, stating:


Personal life

Green was born into a Jewish family,[39] the youngest of Joe and Ann Greenbaum's four children. His brother Michael taught him his first guitar chords and by age of eleven, Peter was teaching himself and began playing professionally by age fifteen.

Enduring periods of mental illness and destitution throughout the 1970s and 1980s he moved in with his eldest brother Len and his wife Gloria, and his mother in their house in Great Yarmouth, where a process of recovery began.[16][40]

He married Jane Samuels in January 1978; the couple divorced in 1979. They have a daughter, Rosebud Samuels-Greenbaum (born 1978).[41]


Solo albums


  1. ^ "Peter Green". Retrieved 9 January 2010. 
  2. ^ "Ma Kelly's Greasy Spoon - Status Quo". 
  3. ^ "Midge Ure delights fans with Airdrie show".  
  4. ^ "Readers' Poll: The 10 Best Fleetwood Mac Songs. No. 7. Oh Well". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 29 October 2014
  5. ^ "The Tragic Tale of the Green God " Media Wah Wah". Archived from the original on 2012-03-21. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Marshall, Wolf (September 2007). "Peter Green: The Blues of Greeny".  
  7. ^ "Fleetwood Mac, Peter Green, The Band,The Music, The Legacy". Retrieved 23 September 2009. 
  8. ^ a b "15 Iconic Les Paul Players". Retrieved 23 September 2009. 
  9. ^ a b "Guitar World: 30 on 30: The Greatest Guitarists Picked by the Greatest Guitarists". Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  10. ^ "Thirty Great Guitarists – Including Steve Vai, David Gilmour and Eddie Van Halen – Pick the Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  11. ^ "38: Peter Green". The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time. Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 19 July 2012. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  12. ^ a b Blackett, Matt (October 2004). "The 50 Greatest Tones of All Time".  
  13. ^ "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time".  
  14. ^ "Mojo – 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Retrieved 8 September 2010. 
  15. ^ Eder, Bruce. "Pater B's Looners". Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f "Peter Green Biography". Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  17. ^ "John Mayall A Hard Road". Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  18. ^ a b "Peter Green: The Green God with the Holy Grail Guitar". Boles Blues. 3 October 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  19. ^ "Bassplayer (05/06/1995), A life with Fleetwood Mac – John McVie", Blue Letter Archives. URL last accessed 20 February 2007
  20. ^ "Fleetwood Mac Compilations". Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  21. ^ Rawlings, Terry (2002). Then, now and rare British Beat 1960–1969. Omnibus Press. p. 77.  
  22. ^ John McVie – "Peter Green: Man of the World", BBC TV, 2009
  23. ^ Dawson, Dinky & Alan, Carter, "Life on the Road", Billboard, 1998, pp. 131–132.
  24. ^ "Peter Green: Man of the World", BBC TV, 2009
  25. ^ SPL 1046 Stony Plain records LP "White Skies" 1981 liner notes
  26. ^ Larkin, Colin. The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Guinness. p. 947.  
  27. ^  
  28. ^ "The Penguin Q&A Sessions: John McVie Q&A Session, Part 2". The Penguin. January 2006. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  29. ^ Celmins, Martin. Peter Green: Founder of Fleetwood Mac. Castle. p. 143.  
  30. ^ "BBC4 Peter Green: Man of the world". 6 February 2011. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  31. ^ Celmins, Martin. Peter Green: Founder of Fleetwood Mac. Castle. p. 145.  
  32. ^ a b "1996 Gibson Howard Roberts Fusion". Retrieved 17 September 2009. 
  33. ^ Green, Peter. "The Penguin Q&A Sessions". FleetwoodMac.Net. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  34. ^ "Rock Legend Told to Ditch his Band". The Mail on Sunday (03/28/04). Retrieved 9 February 2011. 
  35. ^ Bacon, Tony. Electric Guitars: The Illustrated Encyclopedia. Portable. p. 124.  
  36. ^ "Gary Moore Biography". Retrieved 3 April 2010. 
  37. ^ "Joe Perry Biography". Retrieved 3 April 2010. 
  38. ^ "Classic Rock Magazine: Andy Powell Interview". Retrieved 3 April 2010. 
  39. ^ "Peter Green – The Sixties Remembered – Sixties Music". Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  40. ^ Celmins, Martin. Peter Green: Founder of Fleetwood Mac. Castle. p. 169.  
  41. ^ "Peter Green". Retrieved 3 September 2010. 

Further reading

  • Bacon, Tony. Electric Guitars: The Illustrated Encyclopedia. Portable (2006). ISBN 978-1-59223-053-2
  • Celmins, Martin. Peter Green: Founder of Fleetwood Mac. Castle (1995). ISBN 1-898141-13-4
  • Larkin, Colin. The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Guinness (1992). ISBN 978-1-882267-02-6
  • The circumstances surrounding Peter Green’s experience at the Highfisch-Kommune are explored in Ada Wilson’s novel Red Army Faction Blues ISBN 978-1-901927-48-1

External links

  • Peter Green and Friends on Facebook
  • Peter Green Biography
  • Inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame – 1998

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