World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Pha̍k-oa-chhi romanization

Article Id: WHEBN0025633947
Reproduction Date:

Title: Pha̍k-oa-chhi romanization  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Romanization of Chinese, Gan Chinese, Taiwanese Language Phonetic Alphabet, Foochow Romanized, EFEO Chinese transcription
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Pha̍k-oa-chhi romanization

Pha̍k-oa-chhi (白話字) is a Latin alphabet based orthography for the Nanchang dialect of the Gan language. Pha̍k-oa-chhi is based on Pe̍h-ōe-jī for Min Nan, and it is also related to the orthographies of Pha̍k-fa-sṳ for Hakka, Bàng-uâ-cê for Min Dong and Pêh-uē-jī for Teochew.



Pha̍k-oa-chhi Examples IPA
p 不丙八 [p]
ph 便坡平 [pʰ]
m 名卯免 [m]
f 夫火話 [ɸ]~[f]
t 丁典丹 [t]
th 天土大 [tʰ]
l 乃六男 [l]
ch 中主九 [ts]~[tɕ]
chh 七丈出 [tsʰ]~[tɕʰ]
s 細司西 [s]~[ɕ]
gn 年元女 [ɲ]~[nʲ]
k 各光交 [k]
kh 可口共 [kʰ]
ng 哀安恩 [ŋ]
h 下何合 [h]
∅ (null) 一也雲



Pha̍k-oa-chhi Example IPA
a 下三人 [a]~[ɑ]
i 一丁世 [i]~[ɨ]
u 中公共 [u]
主雲於 [y]
e 冊則然 [ɛ]
不政珍 [ə]
o 上何作 [ɔ]


Pha̍k-oa-chhi Example IPA
ai 介代 [ai]
au 交保 [au]
ia 也且 [ia]
iu 久九 [iu]
ie 幹便 [iɛ]
ie 葉折 [iə]
io 享亮 [iɔ]
oa 凡刮 [ua]
oi 久九 [ui]
oe 國或 [uɛ]
oe - [uə]
uo 亡光 [uɔ]
ṳo 全元 [yɔ]


Tone Example Pha̍k-oa-chhi
陰平 Yin Ping 妻欺溪 chhi
陽平 Yang Ping 其器奇旗 chhí
上聲 Shang Sheng 啟氣豈起 chhî
陰去 Yin Qu chhī
陽去 Yang Qu chhì
入聲 Ru Sheng 七極疾 chhi̍+p, t, k

External links


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.