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Phi Capricorni

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Title: Phi Capricorni  
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Subject: Theta Capricorni, Iota Capricorni, Zeta Capricorni, Eta Capricorni, Lambda Capricorni
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Phi Capricorni

φ Capricorni
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Capricornus
Right ascension 21h15m37.9s
Declination −20°39′06″
Apparent magnitude (V) +5.17
Distance 690 ± 120 ly
(212 ± 37 pc)
Spectral type gG9
Other designations
28 Capricorni, HR 8127, HD 202320, BD−21°5974, HIP 104963, SAO 190173, GC 29722

Phi Capricorni (φ Cap, φ Capricorni) is a star in the constellation Capricornus. φ Capricorni is an orange K-type bright giant with an apparent magnitude of +5.17. It is approximately 690 light years from Earth.

Chinese Name

In Chinese, 十二國 (Shíer Guó), meaning Twelve States, refers to an asterism which is represent twelve ancient states in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States period, consisting of φ Capricorni, ι Capricorni, 38 Capricorni, 35 Capricorni, 36 Capricorni, χ Capricorni, θ Capricorni, 30 Capricorni, 33 Capricorni, ζ Capricorni, 19 Capricorni, 26 Capricorni, 27 Capricorni, 20 Capricorni, η Capricorni and 21 Capricorni.[1] Consequently, φ Capricorni itself is represent the state Chu (),[2] together with ε Ophiuchi in Right Wall of Heavenly Market Enclosure (asterism).[3][4]

R.H.Allen had opinion that φ Capricorni, together with χ Capricorni, were represent the state Wei (魏).[5]


  1. ^ (Chinese) 中國星座神話, written by 陳久金. Published by 台灣書房出版有限公司, 2005, ISBN 978-986-7332-25-7.
  2. ^ (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 4 日
  3. ^ (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 24 日
  4. ^ Richard Hinckley Allen: Star Names — Their Lore and Meaning: Ophiuchus
  5. ^ Richard Hinckley Allen: Star Names — Their Lore and Meaning: Capricornus

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