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Philip Francis Thomas

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Title: Philip Francis Thomas  
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Subject: James Pearce, John Adams Dix, Howell Cobb, Enoch Louis Lowe, Governors of Maryland
Collection: 1810 Births, 1890 Deaths, Buchanan Administration Cabinet Members, Comptrollers of Maryland, Democratic Party Members of the United States House of Representatives, Democratic Party State Governors of the United States, Dickinson College Alumni, Governors of Maryland, Maryland Democrats, Members of the Maryland House of Delegates, Members of the United States House of Representatives from Maryland, People from Easton, Maryland, United States Commissioners of Patents, United States Secretaries of the Treasury
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Philip Francis Thomas

Philip Francis Thomas
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1841
Preceded by James Pearce
Succeeded by James Pearce
28th Governor of Maryland
In office
January 3, 1848 – January 6, 1851
Preceded by Thomas Pratt
Succeeded by Enoch Louis Lowe
23rd United States Secretary of the Treasury
In office
December 12, 1860 – January 14, 1861
President James Buchanan
Preceded by Howell Cobb
Succeeded by John Adams Dix
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1877
Preceded by Ephraim King Wilson II
Succeeded by Daniel M. Henry
Personal details
Born (1810-09-12)September 12, 1810
Easton, Maryland, US
Died October 2, 1890(1890-10-02) (aged 80)
Baltimore, Maryland, US
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Sarah Maria Kerr Thomas
Clintonia (Wright) May Thomas
Alma mater Dickinson College
Profession Politician, Lawyer

Philip Francis Thomas (September 12, 1810 – October 2, 1890) was an American lawyer and politician.

Born in Easton, Maryland, he graduated from Dickinson College in Pennsylvania in 1830. He studied law and became a lawyer in Easton. He was a delegate to the Maryland's constitutional convention in 1836 and a member of the Maryland House of Delegates in 1838, 1843, and 1845. He was elected as a Democrat to the 26th Congress in 1838 from the 2nd Congressional district of Maryland, but declined to run again in 1840. He went back to his law practice, but returned to politics eight years later when he was elected the 28th Governor of Maryland, a position he held through 1851.

From 1851 to 1853, he was Comptroller of Maryland and then collector of the port of Baltimore from 1853 to 1860, and United States Commissioner of Patents for a fragment of that year (February through December). He was appointed United States Secretary of the Treasury in the Presidential Cabinet of President James Buchanan and served from December 12, 1860 to January 14, 1861.

Bureau of Engraving and Printing portrait of Thomas as Secretary of the Treasury.

When Howell Cobb, the 22nd Secretary of the Treasury resigned in 1860, Buchanan appointed Thomas the 23rd Secretary. Thomas reluctantly accepted the position. Immediately upon entering office, Thomas had to market a bond to pay the interest on the public debt. There was little faith in the stability of the country due to the threat of secession by the Southern states, and war appeared inevitable. Northern bankers refused to invest in Thomas's loan, wary that the money would go to the South. Following Interior Secretary Jacob Thompson, Thomas resigned after only a month in response to his failure to obtain the

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