World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Philipp Nicolai

Philipp Nicolai
Seal of the minister Philipp Nicolai

Philipp Nicolai (10 August 1556 – 26 October 1608) was a German Lutheran pastor, poet, and composer. He is most widely recognized as a hymnwriter. [1][2]

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • See Also 2
  • References 3
  • Other Sources 4
  • Related Reading 5
  • External links 6

Biography

Philipp Nicolai was born at Mengeringhausen in Waldeck, Hesse, Germany where his father was a Lutheran priest. His early education include studies at Kassel in Hesse, Hildesheim in Lower Saxony and Dortmund in Westphalia. He studied theology at the University of Erfurt where he was a pupil of Ludwig Helmbold.[3]

In 1583, he was ordained to the Lutheran ministry and was appointed minister at Herdecke. He was subsequently expelled during the Counter-Reformation. In 1588, he became pastor at Altwildungen in Hesse. He graduated with a Doctorate Degree in Theology from the University of Wittenberg in 1594. In 1596, he became the minister at Unna in Westphalia. In 1601, he was elected chief pastor of St. Katherine’s Church (Katharinenkirche) in Hamburg.[4][5]

He was the author of two famous Schübler Chorales, has become world famous. Nicolai is supposed to be the last example of the Meistersinger tradition, in which words and music, text and melody stem from one and the same person.[7][8]

Philipp Nicolai is commemorated in the Calendar of Saints of the Lutheran Church on 26 October together with hymnwriters Johann Heermann and Paul Gerhardt.

See Also

References

  1. ^ (justus.anglican.org)Philipp Nicolai, Hymnwriter
  2. ^ (Hymns Ancient and Modern: Historical Edition William H. Frere, 1909)Philip Nicolai (1556-1608)
  3. ^ (STEM Publishing)Philipp Nicolai, 1556-1608
  4. ^ (Hymns and Carols of Christmas.com)Philipp Nicolai
  5. ^ (Hymnary.org)Nicolai, Philipp, D.D.
  6. ^ Lyon, James (2005). Chorals. Editions Beauchesne. p. 73.  
  7. ^ Wake, Awake, for Night is Flying, translated by: Catherine Winkworth as Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme
  8. ^ (Christian Classics Eternal Library)King and Queen of Chorales

Other Sources

  • Glover, Raymond F. (1990) The Hymnal 1982 Companion, Volume One (Church Publishing Inc) ISBN 9780898691436
  • Crump, William D. (2013) The Christmas encyclopedia (McFarland & Company, 3rd ed.) ISBN 9780786468270

Related Reading

  • Wolff, Christoph (2000) Johann Sebastian Bach: The Learned Musician (W. W. Norton & Company) ISBN 0-393-04825-X

External links

  • (The Cyber Hymnal)Philipp Nicolai 1556-1608
  • Wittenberg Trail)Philipp Nicolai Society
  • by Hilton C. Oswald, Edited by Bruce R. BackerStudies In Lutheran Chorales
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.