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Pingfang District

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Title: Pingfang District  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Harbin, Yilan County, Heilongjiang, Acheng District, Shangzhi, Shuangcheng District
Collection: Districts of Harbin, Military History of Japan During World War II
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Pingfang District

Pingfang is located in Heilongjiang
Location in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: [1]
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
Sub-provincial city Harbin
 • Total 98.0 km2 (37.8 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 190,253
 • Density 1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Harbin district map

Pingfang District (simplified Chinese: 平房区; traditional Chinese: 平房區; pinyin: Píngfáng Qū) is one of nine districts of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, forming part of the city's urban core. The least spacious of Harbin's county-level divisions, it borders the districts of Xiangfang to the north, Acheng to the east, Shuangcheng to the southwest, and Nangang to the west.

It was the headquarters of the Japanese Biological Warfare Unit 731 during the Japanese invasion of China and World War II. It had an airport, railway and dungeons. Most of Pingfang was burnt by the Japanese to destroy evidence but the incinerator where the remains of victims were burnt remains and is still in use as part of a factory. Pingfang is an industrial center of Harbin now. Hafei (a factory producing helicopters, small airplanes, minivans, and cars), Dongan (a factory producing aircraft and automobile engines), and Northeast Light Alloy Processing Plant are the three major manufacturers there.


Harbin Aircraft Industry Group (Hafei) has its headquarters in the district.[4]


  1. ^  
  2. ^ Harbin Statistical Yearbook 2011 (《哈尔滨统计年鉴2011》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  3. ^ 2010 Census Harbin primary statistics report (《哈尔滨市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  4. ^ "Home" (English). Harbin Aircraft Industry Group. Retrieved on August 8, 2014. "ADDRESS: NO,15, YOUXIE STREET, PINGFANG DISTRICT, HARBIN." - Chinese address: "地  址:哈尔滨市平房区友协大街15号"

External links

  • Unit 731, a half century of denial
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