World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Pistol offense

Article Id: WHEBN0009837025
Reproduction Date:

Title: Pistol offense  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Shotgun formation, Tyler Thigpen, Offensive philosophy (American football), 2010 Indiana Hoosiers football team, 2011 Nevada Wolf Pack football team
Collection: American Football Formations
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Pistol offense

Chris Ault's "pistol" formation

The pistol offense is an American football formation and strategy partially developed by Chris Ault in 2005 while he was head coach at the University of Nevada. It is a hybrid of the traditional shotgun and single back offenses.[1] In the pistol offense, also commonly referred to as the "pistol formation", the quarterback lines up four yards behind the Center (American football), which is much closer than the seven-yard setback in a traditional shotgun formation. The running back then lines up three yards directly behind the quarterback, which is in contrast to the shotgun, where they are beside each other. It is argued that the position of the quarterback in the pistol formation strikes an advantageous compromise: the quarterback is close enough to the line of scrimmage to be able to read the defense, as with run situation sets such as the I Formation, but far enough back to give him extra time and a better vision of the field for passing plays, as in the shotgun.[2] The pistol formation is thus very versatile, particularly if the quarterback himself is a threat to run the ball, which makes it difficult for the defense to correctly anticipate the play.[3] This flexibility is enhanced by the Read Option, where the quarterback reacts to the response of the defensive players to the snap, and makes a rapid decision whether to hand off the ball to the running back, keep it and complete a pass to a downfield receiver, or keep it and run himself.[4][5]


  • History 1
  • Advantages 2
  • Usage 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Michael Taylor of Mill Valley created and developed the Pistol Offense (called the "Shotgun I" at that time) in 1999 while playing softball. Michael's teammate was a college football coach at Division III Ohio Northern University named Tom Kaczkowski, and during a conversation, he mentioned that his team needed to go into a new direction because his running back was quick, but his quarterback was tall and slow. Armed with this new idea of Shotgun I, Michael spent weeks developing new formations and schemes as a way of maintaining a downhill running game, while allowing his quarterback to be comfortable in the pass game. The plays worked; the backfield set was exclusively two back and included a full complement of runs to both the I back and the offset back (aligned next to the quarterback).

University of Nevada head coach Chris Ault popularized the single back alignment (and renamed it the "Pistol") in 2005.[6][7] While the pistol offense has been experimented with by dozens of college football teams such as LSU, Syracuse, Indiana, and Missouri, Ault's Nevada Wolf Pack is most strongly associated with the formation. Using the Pistol Offense, during the 2009 season, Nevada led the nation in rushing at 345 yards a game and were second in total offense at 506 yards. The Wolf Pack also became the first team in college football history with three 1,000-yard rushers in the same season: quarterback Colin Kaepernick and running backs Luke Lippincott and Vai Taua.[8]

Football Championship Subdivision team James Madison University used "The Pistol" to help beat #13 ranked Virginia Tech on September 11, 2010. The pistol has also made the transition to the NFL, mainly being used by the Carolina Panthers with Cam Newton and Robert Griffin III of the Washington Redskins, as well as the aforementioned Colin Kaepernick with the San Francisco 49ers, who in the NFL Playoffs versus the Green Bay Packers set the all-time single game rushing record for a quarterback with 181 yards. Along with the wildcat, the pistol has added more of a college "playmaker" aspect to the professional game.

On December 5, 2010, the Pittsburgh Steelers used the Pistol offense so quarterback Ben Roethlisberger could play with a bad foot.[9]


The pistol formation can be used in a variety of ways, because the quarterback is closer to the line of scrimmage than a traditional shotgun formation. This allows him to see more easily over the line and make downfield reads. He will also get the ball snapped to him faster, which can alter timing patterns greatly for a preparing defense. The pistol offense can effectively use draw plays, counters, and options using three-wide receiver formations or multiple tight ends combined with a fullback for pass protection. In a pistol formation, handoffs occur 2-3 yards closer to the line of scrimmage than in the shotgun. In the traditional shotgun, run plays are most effectively run to the side opposite the running back, without a cutback to the other side. In the pistol, they can be effectively executed to either side of the QB, opening up more options for the offense. This can make for a more effective running game, but may limit pass efficiency due to quicker recognition of play action by linebackers and defensive backs. This formation works well with dual threat quarterbacks who can both throw and run and is also used when quarterback's mobility has been limited by injury.


The Kansas City Chiefs (right) line up in a pistol formation against the New Orleans Saints (left)

The following American college football teams have used some aspect of the pistol offense:

The following NFL teams have used some aspect of the pistol offense:


  1. ^ Charean Williams (February 1, 2013). "Read Option". Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ Old Timer (February 2, 2013). "My Two Cents: Terelle Pryor and Darren McFadden". Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  4. ^ Tony Lee (February 3, 2013). "Pistol Here To Stay". Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  5. ^ Tom Silverstein (February 3, 2013). "Out on video: defending the ‘pistol’ offense". Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  6. ^ Javier Morales (December 14, 2012). "Friday Fix: Some Arizona defenders faced UCLA’s Pistol offense that shot blanks in 2011". Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  7. ^ Pete Thamel (October 10, 2010). "Nevada’s Runaway Offense". The New York Times. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  8. ^ Associated Press (August 4, 2010). "Hall of Fame to honor Nevada trio". Retrieved October 16, 2010. 
  9. ^
  10. ^ Rosenthal, Gregg (August 8, 2013). "Peyton Manning, Denver Broncos use pistol formation".  
  11. ^ Barnwell, Bill (January 9, 2015). "NFL Divisional Preview: Sunday Edition".  

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.