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Plaza de Mayo

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Title: Plaza de Mayo  
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Subject: Buenos Aires, Teatro Colón, Pirámide de Mayo, Avenida de Mayo, Florida Street
Collection: Squares in Buenos Aires, Visitor Attractions in Buenos Aires
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Plaza de Mayo

Plaza de Mayo
Wide angle view of Plaza de Mayo towards the Pirámide de Mayo and the Casa Rosada.
Location Buenos Aires, Argentina
Created 1580

The Plaza de Mayo (Spanish pronunciation: ; English: May Square) is the main square in the Monserrat barrio of central Buenos Aires, Argentina. It is flanked by Hipólito Yrigoyen, Balcarce, Rivadavia and Bolívar streets.

Since being the scene of the 25 May 1810 revolution that led to independence, the plaza has been a hub of political life in Argentina.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Surroundings 2
  • Political significance 3
    • 1940s - 1960s 3.1
    • 1970s - present 3.2
  • Today 4
  • Gallery 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

The modern plaza took form in 1884 when the colonnade separating the Plaza de la Victoria and the Plaza del Fuerte was demolished. Its origins, however, can be traced back to Juan de Garay's foundation of Buenos Aires itself, in 1580.

Newly arrived to the dusty riverbank settlement, Jesuit clergymen in 1608 secured a title to much of the 2 hectares (4.9 acres) lot, on which Garay's earlier plans for a central plaza had been abandoned. In 1661, the local governor purchased the eastern half for inclusion into the grounds of the city's new fort; this section soon became the Plaza de Armas

Following over a century of overuse and neglect, the local colonial government attempted to give a semblance of order to the plaza by having a colonnade built across it from north to south. Completed in 1804, the Romanesque structure became the plaza's market and the lot to the west of the colonnade became the Plaza de la Victoria.

The area continued divided between these two plazas until 1883 and with only minor changes in landscaping, chief among them the 1811 addition of the May Pyramid, a monument put up to commemorate the newly independent "Provinces of the Rio de la Plata". That year, however, Mayor Torcuato de Alvear ordered the space modernized, resulting in the demolition of the colonnade and the creation of the modern Plaza de Mayo.

Surroundings

Location of buildings surrounding the Plaza de Mayo
Eastern side
Northern side Southern side
Federal Administration of Public Revenue
Bank zone
Western side

Political significance

Bombing of Plaza de Mayo

The Plaza de Mayo has always been the focal point of political life in Buenos Aires. Its current name commemorates the May Revolution of 1810, which started the process towards the country's independence from Spain in 1816.

1940s - 1960s

On October 17, 1945, mass CGT trade union federation forced the release from prison of Juan Domingo Perón, who would later become President of Argentina; during his tenure, the Peronist movement gathered every October 17 in the Plaza de Mayo to show their support for their leader (and October 17 is still "Loyalty Day" for the traditional Peronists). Many other presidents, both democratic and military, have also saluted people in the Plaza from the balcony of the Casa Rosada.

In an attempt to overthrow President Perón, the plaza was bombed during one of the populist leader's many rallies there on 16 June 1955, killing 364.[1]

1970s - present

The white shawl of the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, painted on the ground in the plaza.

Years later, in 1974, Perón, then president for the third time, expelled from the Plaza members of the coup d'état.

Crowds gathered once again on April 2, 1982 and several occasions thereafter to hail de facto President Leopoldo Galtieri for Argentina's invasion of the Falkland Islands, which launched the Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas/Guerra del Atlántico Sur).

The plaza, since 1977, is where the December 2001 riots when five protesters were killed and several others injured by police as they rioted around the Plaza de Mayo.

Today

daytime skyline of a square
A panorama of Plaza de Mayo. On the center you can see the May Pyramid

Today, Plaza de Mayo continues to be an indispensable tourist attraction for those who visit Buenos Aires.

Several of the city's major landmarks are located around the Plaza: the Cabildo (the city council during the colonial era), the Casa Rosada (home of the executive branch of the federal government), the Metropolitan Cathedral of Buenos Aires, the May Pyramid, the Equestrian monument to General Manuel Belgrano, the current city hall or municipalidad, and the headquarters of the Nación Bank. The Buenos Aires financial district (microcentro), affectionately known as la City (sic) also lies besides the Plaza.

Gallery


See also

References

  1. ^ 1955 bombardeo en plaza de mayo - Nocturnabsas.com.ar

External links

  • Grandmothers of the Plaza
  • Tourism
  • Buenos Aires
  • Casa Rosada
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