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Politics of New South Wales

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Politics of New South Wales

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Australia

New South Wales politics takes place in context of bicameral parliamentary system. The main parties are the governing Liberal Party of Australia/ National Party of Australia Coalition and the Australian Labor Party. Other minor political parties include the Shooters and Fishers Party, The Greens, Christian Democratic Party and Family First Party.

The New South Wales Government is often referred to as both the 'Bear Pit' and 'Macquarie Street', a metonym of the street of that name where the Parliament House, Sydney is located in Sydney.

Government

The Australian state of New South Wales has a bicameral parliament. The Legislative Assembly (lower house) is composed of 93 members of parliament, each of whom represent a single electorate. The voting system is preferential. Until the mid-1990s, Members of the Assembly served for between three and four years, until the Greiner Government made terms a fixed length of four years. The Legislative Council (upper house) has 42 members. The Queen of Australia has a representative called the Governor who formally appoints the elected Premier. In practice the Governor has no real power.

Politics

Currently the formal chief executive of the State of New South Wales is the Governor, who is appointed as HM The Queen's representative on the advice of the head of the governing party of the day. The current governor is Marie Bashir. No real power is invested in the Governor, who holds limited reserve powers; with few exceptions, the governor is required by convention to act on the advice of the government.

The Premier of New South Wales is currently The Hon. Mike Baird MLA of the governing Liberal Party. Baird succeeded O'Farrell, who served as Premier after a landslide election win at the 2011 New South Wales state election succeeding The Hon. Kristina Keneally. O'Farrell was forced to resign following an unfortunate appearance at the NSW Independent Commission Against Corruption. The Deputy Premier of New South Wales, currently Andrew Stoner who has held this office since succeeding Carmel Tebbutt at the same election.

Opposing the New South Wales Government officially is the Opposition of New South Wales made up of the Australian Labor Party currently led by the Leader of the Opposition.

Other parties not aligned with the Government but residing in the parliament include the Christian Democrats, Greens and the Shooters and Fishers.

The government is decided every four years by election. The next New South Wales State election is due to take place on 26 March 2015.

'Blue Ribbon' and 'Hard Labor' seats

Out of the 93 seats in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, many remain from the re-introduction of single member representation for each electorate. Of the remaining districts from the 1927 redistribution which removed proportional representation in the State of New South Wales, eleven remain which have never been held by the opposing party. The Australian Labor Party has always held 6 Legislative Assembly seats or otherwise known or referred to as 'Hard Labor' seats. The Liberal Party of Australia and its Coalition partner the National Party of Australia have always held 5 seats often referred to as 'Blue ribbon' or 'Liberal/National stronghold'. The following lists each parties representation stronghold electorates:

Notable New South Wales political figures

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.smh.com.au/opinion/politics/tripodi-was-the-dead-wood-that-had-to-go-20101111-17nw4.html?comments=88|Retrieved 2010-11-15
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