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Portage Park, Chicago

Portage Park
Community area
Community Area 15 - Portage Park
The southwestern entrance into Portage Park at the intersection of Irving Park Road and Central Avenue
The southwestern entrance into Portage Park at the intersection of Irving Park Road and Central Avenue
Location within the city of Chicago
Location within the city of Chicago
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Illinois
County Cook
City Chicago
Neighborhoods
Area
 • Total 3.98 sq mi (10.31 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 64,124
 • Density 16,000/sq mi (6,200/km2)
Demographics 2010[1]
 • White 53.54%
 • Black 1.33%
 • Hispanic 38.77%
 • Asian 4.63%
 • Other 1.72%
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP Codes parts of 60630, 60634, 60641
Median household income $52,356[2]
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services

Portage Park is located on the northwest side of the City of Chicago, Illinois and is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas. Portage Park is bordered by the community areas of Jefferson Park and Forest Glen to the north, Dunning and the suburb of Harwood Heights to the west, Irving Park to the east and Belmont-Cragin to the south.

The area is notable for its Six Corners outdoor shopping district, centered at the intersection of Irving Park Road, Cicero Avenue and the diagonal Milwaukee Avenue, the Portage Theater and for its namesake - Portage Park. The name of the park was taken from the major portage linking the Des Plaines and Chicago rivers along what is today Irving Park Road. The area was so swampy that in wet weather, Native Americans and trappers were easily able to paddle through the area in either direction without leaving their canoes.[3] In those days, the Des Plaines was perhaps the most significant way to the Illinois, and then on to the Mississippi (and to return).

Portage Park has the largest Polish community in the Chicago Metropolitan Area according to the 2000 census. Portage Park is home to the Polish American Association, the Polish Jesuit Millennium Center, the Polish Army Veterans Association in the beautiful building of the former Irving State bank, in addition to the multitude of Polish shops and businesses throughout the district. One of the area's parks is named Chopin Park after Frédéric Chopin, Poland's most famous pianist and composer.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Transportation 2
  • Neighborhood 3
  • Portage Park (Chicago Park District) 4
  • Other parks 5
  • Education 6
    • Public Elementary Schools 6.1
    • Public High Schools 6.2
    • Private Elementary Schools 6.3
  • Public libraries 7
  • Culture 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

In 1850, along with construction of the Northwest Plank Road (present Milwaukee Avenue), Jefferson Township was incorporated at the legendary Dickinson Tavern. Jefferson Township was part of a large swath of land annexed to the city in 1889[4] in advance of the World's Columbian Exposition. Much of the area was still largely rural in the early 20th century until the extension of streetcar lines into the area along Milwaukee, Irving, and Cicero lured in immigrants from the overcrowded tenements of the city's ethnic enclaves. Soon Scandinavian, German, Italian, Polish and Irish families from the industrial areas by the Chicago River such as Polish Downtown and Goose Island were buying lots in the vicinity to build their homes. Area developers such as Szajkowski, Schorsch as well as Koester and Zander subdivided what had been farmland into subdivisions of what became part of Chicago's famous "bungalow belt".

OK some of that might be true but in reality the area was a big swamp grass land until the Metropolitan sanitary District drained it, while Indians and trappers did live in the area there is no noted settlement or tribal area of large lodge housings that I can find it it's history, only the lost would've portage through the area it was a mosquito malaria swamp, the real portage is down by Grand Ave and the Des Plaines River in Elmwood park The one Indian trail that barely goes through Portage is Milwaukee. it is walking/wagon trail to the north not a portage. Irving Park is not an Indian trail it is a straight street parallel to Madison Avenue by 5 miles on the Chicago grid system.

Portage Park name is made up because it's easier to sell land in an area called Portage Park than formally a big swampy area,, The name came because the city of Chicago is a portage area between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi Just as the community north of us is call Jefferson Park, President Thomas Jefferson never live there and Washington Irving never lived in Irving Park,,

The people of Portage Park historically have been of Scandinavian German Polish and Irish ancestry, however since the 1980s a lot of immigrants from the same countries settled here along with a large growing Hispanic population,

This is one of the best integrated middle-class neighborhoods in Chicago,, everybody gets along, there is very little gang activity in the area

Transportation

A Portage Park two-flat

The Portage Park neighborhood is accessible via mass transit through the CTA's Blue Line. The Montrose station is located on Portage Park's northeastern edge next to the Kennedy Expressway. Metra's Milwaukee District North Line Mayfair stop is located just to the west of the CTA station.

To find the stations the actual location of the Montrose CTA station is on the bridge over the Kennedy Expressway, the Metra station is located just east of Cicero Avenue House on the southside of Montrose there's a small wood stairway to climb to get to the stop.. Most trains do not stop there and it's not a good stop at night as the stop is in a very remote area

If you live in the north east section of portage this could be a 5 to 10 minute walk, the rest of us take the north-south bus on Austin or Central in the morning to Jeff park where you can hopefully get a seat on the CTA train, leaving you get off it the closest stop on the East-West streets since you got your seat downtown, bus service on East-West streets is excellent getting to the stations usually is a 20 to 30 minute ride via bus no public day parking is provided by the station

Neighborhood

The neighborhood of Portage Park is a primarily residential area. The area's building stock is composed primarily of bungalows and two-flats. There are two large business districts in Portage Park; one, Six Corners, at the intersection of Irving, Cicero, and Milwaukee, and another at Belmont and Central extending south into Belmont-Cragin.

The area was home to a number of movie palaces, among which were the Portage, Patio, and Belpark theaters. While the Belpark is now closed, the Portage Theater has been renovated with public TIF funds and is now home to a performing arts center showing arthouse and silent films. The Patio was privately restored and showing first-run movies.

Portage Park is also home to a cluster of architecturally significant churches, and is one of the few neighborhoods on the city's North Side highlighted in Marilyn Chiat's The Spiritual Traveler: Chicago and Illinois. The spires and steeples of these monumental edifices such as St. Pascal's, St. Ladislaus, St. John of Rila the Wonderworker, St. Bartholomew, St. Ferdinand, and Our Lady of Victory tower over the neighborhood, giving the area much of its charm.

Portage Park (Chicago Park District)

A footpath in Portage Park

Portage Park served as the focus that brought together the different communities in the area and created the neighborhood.

The field house at Portage Park was designed by Clarence Hatzfeld. Hatzfeld's architectural firm of Hatzfeld and Knox would later design many of the Prairie and Craftsman-style bungalows just east in the Villa District in Irving Park[5] near historic St. Wenceslaus.

The park in Portage park originally had a dirt bottom pond that blended into a cement bottom pool. The hill to the east of the pool that exists now, was the dirt that was removed when the pool was first created when the park was first established. The pond portion of the pool extended to the western edge of this 'hill'. The earliest building in the park is the gymnasium, followed by the field house. The staircase to the field house was a circular affair, supported by several cement posts under the platform that was created by a large landing at the second floor.

The WPA was very involved in the creation of the long gone Rock House at the south end of the Park. This Rock House had a small pond area that had goldfish and flower basins. Until the polio epidemic, the water was kept at a substantial depth to support the fish over winter. The flower planters to the north and east of the main entrance off Central at Irving Park Road will give an idea of just what the Rock House looked like. There were seats throughout the half circle structure of flagstone. Except for the overhead wooden canopy, every where you looked there was white flagstone - walls, seats, floor, support pillars. The Chicago Park District has WPA photos of the structure. The park predates all of the buildings that surround it.

The swimming events of the Pan-American Games were held here in 1959 in the second pool constructed in the park, as were the US swimming trials for the 1972 Summer Olympics.

Other parks

The neighborhood of Portage Park has a number of other greenspaces aside from the neighborhood's namesake park:

  • Chopin Park
  • Dickinson Park
  • Dunham Park
  • Grace Zwiefka-Thuis Playlot Park
  • Lucy Gonzales-Parsons Playlot Park
  • Wilson Park

Education

Portage Park residents are served by Chicago Public Schools, which includes neighborhood and city-wide options for students. There are also a number of private parochial schools run by Roman Catholic and Lutheran congregations in the area.

Public Elementary Schools

  • Peter A. Reinberg Elementary
  • Chicago Academy Elementary
  • William P. Gray Elementary
  • Portage Park Public School
  • Prussing Elementary School
  • Smyser Elementary School

Public High Schools

  • Edwin G. Foreman High School
  • Carl Schurz High School

Private Elementary Schools

  • Our Lady of Victory School
  • St. Pascal School
  • St. Bartholomew School

Public libraries

Chicago Public Library operates three branches located in the Portage Park community area: Portage-Cragin, Austin-Irving and Jefferson Park.

Culture

  • Portage Park is the childhood home of O.M.I., the late Cardinal Archbishop Emeritus of Chicago (1937-2015; served 1997-2014; cardinal, 1998; president of the U.S. bishops, 2007-2010; formerly, Bishop of Yakima, WA, and Archbishop of Portland, OR). He grew up in a working class area of the neighborhood in a small red-brick house. There is a street, near Byron Street, named for him.[6]

References

  1. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Demographics Data". Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  2. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Census Data". Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  3. ^ Keating, Ann Durkin (Ed.) (2004). Chicago Neighborhoods and Suburbs: A Historical Guide, p. 254. University of Chicago Press.
  4. ^ Pogorzelski, Daniel, & Maloof, John (2008). Portage Park, p.7. Arcadia Publishing.
  5. ^ Skerrett, Ellen (2003). "It's More Than a Bungalow: Portage Park and the Making of the Bungalow Belt". In The Chicago Architecture Foundation, The Chicago Bungalow, p. 104. Arcadia Publishing.
  6. ^ http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/breaking/ct-cardinal-george-dead-20150417-story.html#page=1

External links

  • Official City of Chicago Portage Park Community Map
  • PDF file on Portage Park Bungalows from the Historic Chicago Bungalow Association
  • Chicago Landmarks
    • Peoples Gas Irving Park Neighborhood Store
  • Chicago Park District
    • Chopin Park
    • Dunham Park
    • Portage Park
    • Wilson Park
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