Presbyterian Church of India

Presbyterian Church in India
Classification Protestant
Theology Reformed Evangelical
Polity Presbyterian
Moderator Rev. Dr. L.S.Khawbung
Associations World Reformed Fellowship, World Communion of Reformed Churches, Council for World Mission, National Council of Churches in India
Region India
Founder Rev. Thomas Jones and D. E. Jones
Origin 1841
India
Branched from Presbyterian Church of Wales formerly Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Church
Congregations 2,931 (2012)
Members 1,271,473 (2012) currently well over 1,3 million[1]
Ministers 899[2]

The Presbyterian Church of India (PCI) is one of the mainline Protestant Churches in India, with over one million adherents, mostly in Northeast India.[3] It is one of the largest Christian denominations in that region.[4][5]

Origin and history

In 1799 Serampore was a protectorate of Denmark. The early British rulers of India were not in favour of Christian missionaries being active in India, but Wlliam Carey (1761-1834) established a mission at Serampore in 1799 which became known as the cradle of Modern Missions. Two Khasi were converted through the ministry of Krishna Chandra Pal,who was deputised by William Carey in 1813, and worked at the trading outpost of Pandua, situated in the Sylhet Plains. The same year a mission station was opened at Jowai in the Jaintai Hills. William Carey, heartened by the efforts of Krishna Pal, began a translation of the Bible into Khasi using Bengali script. In 1832 Carey sponsored Alexander B. Lish as a missionary at Cherrapunjee. Lish stayed six years, learning the language, opening schools, and translating the New Testament into Khasi, using Bengali script. This script was unknown to the Khasi at that time, which perhaps accounts, in part, for Lish's lack of converts. So began the history of the missionary efforts of the Welsh in Khasiland. The Secretary of the Welsh Mission, the Reverend John Thomas Jones from Aberriw in Wales who had a strong desire to work in India had applied to the LMS on medical grounds. Reverend Jones managed to obtain support from his congregation and incorporated The Welsh Missionary Society and they sent him to work in the Khasi Hills[6]

The Foreign Missions enterprise of the Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Church (later known as the Presbyterian Church of Wales) began at Liverpool in 1840. Earlier this church had supported the work of the London City Missionary Society both in terms of home support and also in overseas agency—four Calvinistic Methodists were sent out by the LMS in the years up to 1840. However, there arose a feeling among Welsh Calvinists, especially those in North Wales, that the Welsh Calvinists were not being sufficiently represented in the LMS and that, moreover, the Methodist Churches had not done what they ought to have done in evangelising the Heathen world. A former London City Missionary by the name of Jacob Tomlin had toured the Khasia Hills before 1840 and recommended that the Welsh Calvinists adopt this area as its first mission. The area had been brought under British domination with a military satation at Chrrapunji. In 1874 the Khasia and Juntia Hills and the plains of Assam were designated the Province of Assam. The first missionary, Rev. Thomas Jones, left with his wife for Cherrapunji in November 1840. They arrived at the reputedly rainiest plain on earth in June 1841. The Rev. Jones learned the Khasi language and after one year opened schools with his publication: First Khasi Reader. The Reverend was aided by a number of other Welsh missionary workers and the first two converts to the Christian faith from Khasiland were baptised in March 1846. [7]

The Presbyterian Church in India was founded in 1841.[4] by missionaries from the Synod of the Presbyterian Church of Assam was created in 1926.[10] The highest church court, the Synod was renamed to Assembly in 1956. In 1968 the name Presbyterian Church in Assam was changed to the Presbyterian Church in North-East India.[11] Geographical spread and the merger of several (though not all) Presbyterian groups made the original denominational names obsolete,[12] and the name 'Presbyterian Church of India' (PCI) was adopted as an official name in 1992, the Assembly was renamed to General Assembly by the highest court of the church in 2002.[13]

Structure

Jowai Presbyterian Church, India

PCI is an apex body comprising eight Synods such as Mizoram Presbyterian Church Synod, Cachar Hill Tribes Synod, Manipur Presbyterian Church Synod, Biateram Presbyterian Church Synod, Ri Bhoi Presbyterian Church Synod, Khasi Jaintia Presbyterian Synod Sepngi (KJP Synod Sepngi), KJP Synod Mihngi, and Zou Presbyterian Church Synod. The PCI has its headquarters in Shillong, the capital of Meghalaya state in Northeast India.

Doctrine and theology

The PCI subscribes to the Westminster Confession of Faith and maintains relationships with related denominations such as the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), the Presbyterian Church of Korea, and the Uniting Church in Australia.[8] It is also supported by its Welsh parent church.[14] Locally, it has ties with the Council of Baptist Churches in North-East India (CBCNEI) and the Church of North India.[14]

Founders

Rev. & Mrs. Thomas Jones from the Welsh Presbyterian Church arrived in the Khasi Hills on 22 June 1841. By 1901 there were over 15,000 Christians in this area.[15] The Rev. D.E Jones began working among Mizo people in 1897,[15] and a century later, over 85% of people in Mizoram were Christian.[15]

Many other Presbyterian missionaries also served in India, for example Samuel H. Kellogg, translator of the Bible into Hindi.

Recent issues

The PCI started partnership with the Presbyterian Church (USA) in 1999. This cooperation was dissolved in 2012 when the PC(USA) voted to ordain openly gay clergy to the ministry.[16]

Membership and statistics

According to 2008 statistics the Presbyterian Church of India had a total strength of 1,206,737 members(675,251 communicant) and 2,931 local churches, 8 synods and 105 presbyteries and 827 ministers and more than 2,000 mission field workers.[17] The Mizoram Presbyterian Church Synod is the largest with 562, 867 members in 43 presbyteries, which has its headquarters in Aizawl, India. This Synod has 14 departments and 465 active ministers.[18][19] The Khasi Jaintia Presbyterian Synod Sepngi has 310, 000 members in 655 churches and 25 presbyteries.[20]

As of the statistics of the 40th General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of India in 2012, it had 1,271,473 members (711,192 communicants) and 111 Presbyteries, 899 ministers. It had 984 churches and 984 branch churches.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ www.unitingworld.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/Presbyterian-Church-India.pdf
  2. ^ a b http://pcigenassembly2012.wordpress.com/pci-assembly-2012/
  3. ^ Council for World Mission web site.
  4. ^ a b Erwin Fahlbusch and Geoffrey William Bromiley, The Encyclopedia of Christianity, Volume 4, Eerdmans, 2005, ISBN 0-8028-2416-1, p. 538.
  5. ^ www.christiantoday.co.in/articles/presbyterian-church-of-india-decide-not-to-join-wcc/7268.htm
  6. ^ http://www.mundus.ac.uk/cats/51/1042.htm (created 5 Jan 2012 - viewed 5 Jan 2012).
  7. ^ Khasi and Jaintia Hills Missionary Minute Book 1869-1913, Fonds - 2 Volumes: University of Wales Bangor, Department of Manuscripts and Archives Reference - code: GB 0222 BMSS KJ
  8. ^ a b Reformed Ecumenical Council web site: Presbyterian Church of India.
  9. ^ www.reformiert-omline.net
  10. ^ www.pciga.org/sub.php?sub=aboutus.php
  11. ^ http://www.pciga.org/sub.php?sub=aboutus.php
  12. ^ Shaji Joseph Puykunnel, Christianity and Change in Northeast India, Concept Publishing Company, 2009, ISBN 81-8069-447-X, p. 150.
  13. ^ www.pciga.org
  14. ^ a b D. Ben Rees, Vehicles of Grace and Hope: Welsh Missionaries in India, 1800-1970, William Carey Library, 2002, ISBN 0-87808-505-X, p. 173.
  15. ^ a b c Noel Davies and Martin Conway, World Christianity in the Twentieth Century, Hymns Ancient & Modern Ltd, 2008, ISBN 0-334-04043-4, p. 131.
  16. ^ http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-06-12/guwahati/32194538_1_gay-priests-usa-church-church-employees
  17. ^ www.pciga.org/sub.php?sub=pci-statistics.php
  18. ^ http://www.mizoramsynod.org/index.php?phek=bawm&bid=45
  19. ^ www.pciga.org/sub.php?sub=mizoram.php
  20. ^ http://www.kjpss.org/sub.php?sub=aboutus.html

Affiliations

External links

  • Khasi Jaintia Presbyterian Synod:Official website
  • Mizoram Presbyterian Church Synod:Official website
  • Presbyterian Church in India: [1]
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.