World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Preservationist

Article Id: WHEBN0002005882
Reproduction Date:

Title: Preservationist  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 19th century, William Craft Brumfield, Alexandre Benois, Pyotr Baranovsky, Hope Park
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Preservationist

Preservationist is generally understood to mean historic preservationist: one who advocates to preserve architecturally or historically significant buildings, structures, objects or sites from demolition or degradation. Historic preservation usually refers to the preservation of the built environment, not to preservation of, for instance, primeval forests or wilderness.[1]

Other uses of the term

Persons who work to preserve ancient or endangered languages are called language preservationists. [2]

  • Clarification: Ethnologue, a reference work published by SIL International, has cataloged the world’s known living languages, and it estimates that 417 languages are on the verge of extinction.[3]

Preservationist is also sometimes used in the natural environmentalist field, but while the natural environment conservationist movements preserve ecosystems and the natural environment, this movement is widely known as conservation or environmentalism.

  • Clarification: A key difference between the Preservationist and Conservationist environmentalist schools is this: Preservationists view the environment as having intrinsic value that should be preserved by making as little change to it as possible. Conservationists view the environment as having instrumental value that can be of help to people,[4] and generally accept Gifford Pinchot's notion of sustainable yield: that man can harvest some forest or animal products from a natural environment on a regular basis without compromising the long-health of the ecosystem.[5]

Preservationism has been defined by Richard Heinberg in his book Powerdown: Options and Actions for a Post-Carbon World as distinguishing survivalist groups who wish merely to survive a collapse of civilization from preservationist communities who wish to preserve as much of human culture as is possible in the event of collapse.

  • Clarification: The idea of preservationist communities is part of a broader strategy in which individuals achieve independence from the centralized power grid, forming sustainable communities that could provide mutual support in the event of critical depletion of non-renewable resources.[6]

Notable historic preservationists

Some of the notable historic preservationists who are or have been advocates for the protection of the built environment include:

  • Michael Henry Adams (American, Harlem historian, writer, activist)
  • Ann Pamela Cunningham (1816–1875) American pioneering activist)
  • James Marston Fitch (1909–2000) American architect, teacher, activist)
  • Margot Gayle (1908–2008) American journalist, activist)
  • Jane Jacobs (1916–2006) American-Canadian writer, activist)
  • Carolyn Kent (1935–2009) American, Upper Manhattan activist)
  • Charles, Prince of Wales (British activist)
  • Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis (1924–1994) American activist, writer)
  • W. Brown Morton III (American governmental and international historian, writer, activist)
  • William J. Murtagh( American governmental historian, writer)
  • Lee H. Nelson (1927–1994) American governmental administrator, writer, teacher)
  • Charles E. Peterson (1906–2004) American seminal activist)
  • Halina Rosenthal (1918–1991) American activist, Upper East Side of Manhattan)
  • George Sheldon (1818–1916) American Senator, farmer, writer)
  • Arlene Simon (American activist, Upper West Side of Manhattan)
  • John Ruskin (1819-20-1900) British art critic, watercolorist, social thinker, philanthropist)
  • Eugène Viollet-le-Duc (1814–1879) French architect, theorist)
  • Walter Muir Whitehill (1908–2008) American author, historian)
  • Les Beilinson AIA (1946-2013) American architect, preservationist, South Beach Miami)

Notable conservationists

Notable environmentalists

See also

References

  1. ^ Maryland Association of Historic District Commissions, Handbook (1997).
  2. ^ "Language Preservation: UNESCO-CI". Retrieved 2007-06-10. 
  3. ^ "Ethnologue: Languages of the World". Retrieved 2007-06-10. 
  4. ^ Charles Earle Funk, What's the Name, Please?, Funk & Wagnalls, 1936.
  5. ^ W.N. Sparhawk, "The History of Forestry in America" in Trees: Yearbook of Agriculture,1949. Washington,D.C.
  6. ^ Powerdown: Options and Actions for a Post-Carbon World (ISBN 9780865715103) (2004; British edition 2005)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.