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Prince Arthur of Connaught

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Subject: Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone, Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Governor-General of the Union of South Africa
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Prince Arthur of Connaught

Prince Arthur
Prince Arthur in the robes of the Order of the Garter
Born (1883-01-13)13 January 1883
Windsor Castle, Berkshire
Died 12 September 1938(1938-09-12) (aged 55)
London
Spouse Princess Alexandra, 2nd Duchess of Fife
Issue Alastair, 2nd Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
Full name
Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert
House House of Windsor
House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Father Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
Mother Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia
Occupation Governor-General of South Africa, military officer

Prince Arthur of Connaught GCMG GCVO GCStJ CB PC (Arthur Frederick Patrick Albert; 13 January 1883 – 12 September 1938) was a British military officer and a grandson of Queen Victoria. He held the title of a British prince with the style His Royal Highness. He served as Governor-General of the Union of South Africa from 20 November 1920 to 21 January 1924.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Military career 2
  • Marriage 3
  • Later life 4
  • Titles, styles, honours and arms 5
    • Titles and styles 5.1
    • Honours 5.2
    • Medals 5.3
      • Military record 5.3.1
      • Honorary military appointments 5.3.2
    • Arms 5.4
  • Ancestry 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Early life

The Duke and Duchess of Connaught with their children in 1893.

Prince Arthur was born on 13 January 1883 at Windsor Castle. His father was the Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, third son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. His mother was Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia.

The prince was baptised in the Private Chapel of Windsor Castle on 16 February 1883, and his godparents were Queen Victoria (his paternal grandmother), the Duke of Cambridge (the Queen's cousin), and the Duke of Edinburgh (his paternal uncle, whose brother the Prince of Wales represented him).[1]

Prince Arthur was the first British royal prince to be educated at Eton College.

Military career

Prince Arthur in uniform.
His Royal Highness
Prince Arthur of Connaught
GCMG GCVO CB GCStJ PC
3rd Governor-General of South Africa
In office
1920 – 20 January 1924
Monarch George V
Preceded by The Viscount Buxton
Succeeded by The Earl of Athlone
Military service
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1901-1922
Rank Colonel
Unit Royal Scots Greys

After attending finishing school, Prince Arthur was educated at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, from where he was commissioned into the 7th (Queen's Own) Hussars in 1901. During the Second Boer War, he saw active duty with the 7th Hussars and spent several months stationed at Krugersdorp. In 1907, he was promoted to the rank of captain in the 2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys). He became the honorary Colonel-in-Chief of this regiment in 1920.

During the King George V.

Since the king's children were too young to undertake public duties until after the First World War, Prince Arthur carried out a variety of ceremonial duties at home and overseas.

Marriage

The wedding day of Prince Arthur of Connaught and Princess Alexandra of Fife.

On 15 October 1913, Prince Arthur married Princess Alexandra, 2nd Duchess of Fife (17 May 1891 – 26 February 1959) at the Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, London.[2]

The royal couple were attended by five bridesmaids: Princess Mary, Princess Maud of Fife, Lady Mary Cambridge, Lady Helena Cambridge, and Lady May Cambridge. [3]

Princess Alexandra was the eldest daughter of the late Duke of Fife and The Princess Royal, the eldest daughter of King Edward VII. As such, the couple were first cousins once removed. Princess Alexandra held the title of Duchess of Fife in her own right.

After their marriage, Arthur and Alexandra were styled Their Royal Highnesses Prince and Princess Arthur of Connaught.

Together they had one child:

Later life

British Royalty
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Victoria and Albert
Grandchildren
Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Marie, Queen of Romania
Victoria Melita, Grand Duchess of Russia
Alexandra, Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Princess Beatrice, Duchess of Galliera
Margaret, Crown Princess of Sweden
Prince Arthur of Connaught
Princess Patricia, Lady Ramsay
Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone
Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

After the accession of his cousin, Counsellor of State during periods of the King's absence abroad.

In 1906, by order of the King, he vested the Middlesex Hospital. Like his father, the Duke of Connaught, he was active in the Freemasons, becoming Provincial Grand Master for Berkshire in 1924.

Prince Arthur of Connaught died of

Prince Arthur of Connaught
Cadet branch of the House of Wettin
Born: 13 January 1883 Died: 12 September 1938
Government offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Buxton
Governor-General of South Africa
1920–1924
Succeeded by
The Earl of Athlone
German royalty
Preceded by
The Duke of Albany
Heir to Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
as heir presumptive

30 July 1900 – 2 August 1906
Succeeded by
Hereditary Prince Johann Leopold

External links

  1. ^ Yvonne's Royalty Home Page — Royal Christenings
  2. ^ "Royal Wedding Group".  
  3. ^ "Royal Wedding Group". National Portrait Gallery. 
  4. ^ Hackett, Robert; Kingsepp, Sander (2001–2009). "IJN KIRISHIMA: Tabular Record of Movement". Combined Fleet. CombinedFleet.com. Retrieved 14 October 2009. 
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27454. p. 4509. 15 July 1902. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d The London Gazette: no. 34473. p. 291. 14 January 1938. Retrieved 22 June 2013. (Last reference to Prince Arthur's full titles)
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28384. p. 4164. 14 June 1910. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 30953. p. 12120. 15 October 1918. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27083. p. 3335. 26 May 1899. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33284. p. 3836. 14 June 1927.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27822. p. 5219. 28 July 1905. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  12. ^ Redesdale, Lord, The Garter Mission to Japan. London: Macmillan, 1906.P. 26.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31377. p. 7006. 3 June 1919.
  14. ^ Quarterly Army List for quarter ending 31st December 1919 (London, 1920) Part I, p. 2002.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 32099. p. 10369. 26 October 1920.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 32626. p. 1797. 1 March 1922.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 23523. p. 9220. 18 November 1921.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 34396. p. 3073. 11 May 1937.
  19. ^ Heraldica – British Royalty Cadency

References

Ancestry

[19] As a male-line grandchild of a British Sovereign, Prince Arthur was awarded, for his twenty-first birthday, the use of the royal arms, with an inescutcheon of the shield of Saxony, and differenced by a label argent, of five points, the outer pair and central point bearing crosses gules, and the inner pair fleur-de-lys azure. In 1917, the

Arms

Honorary military appointments

  • Hon Maj-Gen: Honorary Major-General (27 October 1920)[15]
  • Col: Colonel, Reserve of Officers (1 March 1922[16] to 13 January 1938[6])
Prince Arthur's coat of arms
  • 2Lt: 2nd Lieutenant, 7th (Queen's Own) Hussars (8 May 1901)
  • Lt: Lieutenant, 7th (Queen's Own) Hussars (14 January 1903)
  • Capt: Captain, 2nd Dragoons (The Royal Scots Greys) (27 April 1907)
  • Bvt Maj: Brevet Major (14 October 1913)
  • Maj: Major, 2nd Dragoons (The Royal Scots Greys) (19 August 1915)
  • Bvt LtCol: Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel (3 June 1919)[13]
  • Retired from active service (31 December 1919)[14]

Military record

Medals

Honours

  • 13 January 1883 – 12 September 1938: His Royal Highness Prince Arthur of Connaught

Titles and styles

Titles, styles, honours and arms
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