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Prince Frederick Augustus of Anhalt-Dessau

Prince of Anhalt-Dessau

Spouse Marie of Hesse-Kassel
Adelaide, Duchess of Nassau, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Bathildis, Princess William of Schaumburg-Lippe
Princess Hilda
House House of Ascania
Father Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
Mother Amalie of Hesse-Homburg
Born (1799-09-23)23 September 1799
Dessau, Anhalt
Died 4 December 1864(1864-12-04) (aged 65)
Dessau, Anhalt

Frederick Augustus of Anhalt-Dessau (German: Friedrich August von Anhalt-Dessau) (23 September 1799 – 4 December 1864), was a German prince of the House of Ascania from the Anhalt-Dessau branch.

Birth and family

Frederick was born in Dessau on 23 September 1799 as the fourth (but third surviving son) of Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, by his wife Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Homburg, daughter of Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg.

Marriage and issue

In Schloss Rumpenheim in Offenbach am Main on 11 September 1832, Frederick Augustus married Landgravine Marie Louise Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel (b. Copenhagen, 9 May 1814 - d. Schloss Hohenburg, 28 July 1895). She was a daughter of Prince William of Hesse-Kassel by his wife Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark, a sister of King Christian VIII of Denmark). Marie was an older sister of the later Queen Louise, wife of King Christian IX of Denmark.

Frederick and Marie had three daughters:[1][2]

  1. Adelaide Marie (b. Dessau, 25 December 1833 - d. Schloss Königstein, 24 November 1916), married on 23 April 1851 to Adolphe, last Duke of Nassau and first Grand Duke of Luxembourg. The current Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Henri, is her direct descendant.
  2. Bathildis Amalgunde (b. Dessau, 29 December 1837 - d. Schloss Nachod, Bohemia, 10 February 1902), married on 30 May 1862 to Prince William of Schaumburg-Lippe. Her eldest daughter, Charlotte, was the wife of William II, the last King of Württemberg and, through one of her younger daughters, Adelaide, she was the grandmother of the last head of the Wettin branch of Saxe-Altenburg, George Moritz.
  3. Hilda Charlotte (b. Dessau, 13 December 1839 - d. Dessau, 22 December 1926).


Prince Frederick died on 4 December 1864 in Dessau. Princess Marie survived him by 30 years and died on 28 July 1895 in Hohenburg Castle in Lenggries in Bavaria.


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