World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Province of Cádiz

 

Province of Cádiz

Cádiz
Province
Flag of Cádiz
Flag
Coat of arms of Cádiz
Coat of arms
Map of Spain with Cádiz highlighted
Map of Spain with Cádiz highlighted
Coordinates:
Autonomous community Andalusia
Capital Cádiz
Government
 • President José Loaiza García (PP)
Area
 • Total 7,385 km2 (2,851 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 34th
  1.47% of Spain
Population (1 January 2014)
 • Total 1,240,175
 • Rank Ranked 8th
 • Density 170/km2 (430/sq mi)
  2.68% of Spain
Demonym(s) Spanish: gaditano
Official language(s) Spanish
Website dipucadiz.es

Cádiz is a province of southern Spain, in the southwestern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia, the southernmost part of continental Western Europe.

It is bordered by the Spanish provinces of Huelva, Seville, and Málaga, as well as the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, the Strait of Gibraltar and the British overseas territory of Gibraltar. Its area is 7,385 square kilometers.

Its capital is the city of Cádiz, which has a population of more than 128,000. The largest city is Jerez de la Frontera with 208,896 inhabitants (as of 2010), and another important city is Algeciras with just over 114,000 inhabitants. The entire province had a population of 1,240,175 (as of 2014), of whom about 600,000 live in the Bay of Cádiz area. Its population density is 167.93 per square kilometer.

Contents

  • Political and traditional subdivisions (comarcas) 1
    • Bay of Cádiz (Bahía de Cádiz) 1.1
    • Campiña de Jerez (Countryside of Jerez) 1.2
    • Campo de Gibraltar (Countryside of Gibraltar) 1.3
    • Bajo Guadalquivir (Northwest Coast; also called Costa Noroeste) 1.4
    • La Janda 1.5
    • Sierra de Cádiz (Cádiz Mountains) 1.6
  • Climate 2
  • Economy 3
    • Primary sector 3.1
    • Major industrial facilities 3.2
  • Tourism 4
    • Beaches 4.1
    • Culture 4.2
    • Nature 4.3
      • Doñana National Park 4.3.1
      • Natural parks 4.3.2
        • Bahía de Cádiz Natural Park 4.3.2.1
        • La Breña y Marismas del Barbate Natural Park 4.3.2.2
        • La Doñana Natural Park 4.3.2.3
        • Los Alcornocales Natural Park 4.3.2.4
        • Sierra de Grazalema Natural Park 4.3.2.5
        • Straits of Gibraltar Natural Park 4.3.2.6
      • Natural reserves 4.3.3
      • Natural sites 4.3.4
      • Natural monuments 4.3.5
  • Transportation 5
    • Roads 5.1
    • Airports 5.2
    • Railroads 5.3
    • Ports 5.4
  • Notable sports teams 6
  • Notes and references 7
  • See also 8
  • External links 9

Political and traditional subdivisions (comarcas)

Map of the distinct areas that comprise the Province of Cádiz

The province encompasses 44 municipalities; besides its capital, other important cities are Jerez and Algeciras. (See the list of municipalities in Cádiz.) According to a roster developed by the Council of Tourism and Sport of Andalusia on 27 March 2003, there are officially six traditional or touristic comarcas (provincial areas or counties) in the Province of Cádiz:

Bay of Cádiz (Bahía de Cádiz)

This area comprises towns and cities on the shores of the Bay of Cádiz on the west-central coast of the province:

Campiña de Jerez (Countryside of Jerez)

This fertile area only includes two municipalities, both large in area:

Campo de Gibraltar (Countryside of Gibraltar)

The towns that extend into the rural hinterlands north of Gibraltar are:

Bajo Guadalquivir (Northwest Coast; also called Costa Noroeste)

The towns of this area called the "Bajo Guadalquivir" (lower Guadalquivir valley), are:

La Janda

Towns included in La Janda, an area in the southwestern part of the province, are:

Sierra de Cádiz (Cádiz Mountains)

Towns included in the Cádiz Mountains area, in the northeastern part of the province, include:

Climate

The entire province of Cádiz has a mediterranean climate, but with large differences in summer temperatures between the three official stations in Cádiz, Jerez and Tarifa depending on position relative to the coastline. Tarifa is exceptionally cool for such a southerly parallel in Europe, but winter temperatures are mild throughout the province with less difference between localities than in summer. Average yearly rainfall is 521 millimetres (20.5 in) in Cádiz, 573 millimetres (22.6 in) in Jerez and 603 millimetres (23.7 in) in Tarifa.[1] This is comparable to much cloudier climates further north in Europe, in spite of the high number of sunshine hours in the province. The Cádiz region is also much wetter than the arid Almería province further east in Andalusia.

Average daily maximum and minimum temperatures for cities in Province of Cádiz[2]
Location Coldest month April Warmest month October
Cádiz 16.0 °C (60.8 °F)/ 9.4 °C (48.9 °F) 19.9 °C (67.8 °F)/ 13.7 °C (56.7 °F) 27.9 °C (82.2 °F)/ 22.0 °C (71.6 °F) 23.4 °C (74.1 °F)/ 17.3 °C (63.1 °F)
Jerez 16.2 °C (61.2 °F)/ 5.2 °C (41.4 °F) 22.2 °C (72.0 °F)/ 9.8 °C (49.6 °F) 33.5 °C (92.3 °F)/ 18.7 °C (65.7 °F) 25.5 °C (77.9 °F)/ 13.7 °C (56.7 °F)
Tarifa 15.1 °C (59.2 °F)/ 10.9 °C (51.6 °F) 17.3 °C (63.1 °F)/ 13.0 °C (55.4 °F) 24.5 °C (76.1 °F)/ 20.0 °C (68.0 °F) 20.6 °C (69.1 °F)/ 16.7 °C (62.1 °F)

Economy

Primary sector

Major industrial facilities

The main industry is tourism, mainly from non-coastal Spanish cities, Germany and the UK.

Its once-important shipbuilding industry (Astilleros) is now in crisis due to competition from South Korea and China.

There are factories of Airbus and Delphi.

It also exports sherry as well as alimentary products.
Sector
Main activities
% GDP
Agriculture, Animal husbandry and fishing. 4%
Industry (energy, industry and construction) 28%
Services (tourism, hostelery and public administration) 67%

Tourism

Beaches

The province of Cádiz has many kilometers of beaches and (as of 2005) the highest number of Blue Flags of all coastal provinces in Europe.

Baelo Claudia

Some of these beaches are relatively wild and far from big urban areas due to the closeness of natural reserves. One of the attractions of the area is the contrast to the mass tourism of other areas on the Mediterranean coast.

The area near Tarifa is known to be an important windsurf area and similar sports due to the almost permanent wind near the Strait of Gibraltar.

Notable beaches:

Culture

Nature

Doñana National Park

Doñana National Park is one of two national parks in the autonomous community of Andalusia. A small area of the park extends into Cadiz Province, just north of Sanlucar de Barrameda and on the south bank of the Rio Guadalquivir. This area is primarily marismas. The public have access to a recreational area and a short walking trail. There is no direct access to the bulk of the park that lies on the north bank of the river in the provinces of Seville and Huelva.

Natural parks

Bahía de Cádiz Natural Park
100 km², located at the mouth of the Guadalete river, consists of marshland, beaches, reed and sand dunes.
Bird watching. Sailing, windsurfing, hiking.
(Ocean) Pine. Many types of shrubs and bushes.
Gannet solan goose, storch, cormorant, great crested grebe, (sea)gull, flamingo, tern, sea eagle, avocet.
La Breña y Marismas del Barbate Natural Park
Cliffs
37.97 km², high cliff rock formations covered by pine trees.
Bird watching, archaeological and botanical excursions, diving, windsurfing, sailing, hiking.
Strandpine, black juniper tree, black spruce, juniper, small palm tree, rosemary.
Herring gull, chatfinch, greenfinch, cattle egret, little egret, crested tit, woodpecker, kestrel, peregrine falcon.
La Doñana Natural Park
This natural park is shared by three provinces, Cádiz, Huelva and Seville. It is an area to the east and northeast of the national park.
Home of the Iberian lynx, a protected species.
Los Alcornocales Natural Park
View from the top of El Picacho peak
Information center in Alcalá de los Gazules; visitors centers in Algeciras and Cortes de la Frontera (Málaga).
1,700.25 km² in area.
Low mountain range, densely covered by cork oak trees ("Alcornoques").
Bird watching, archaeological and botanical excursions, hiking, mountainbiking, speleology.
Cork oak, olive tree, gall oak, pink rock rose, small palm tree, alder, rhododendron, holly, bracken (fern), cherry tree, laurel.
Sparrow hawk, short-toed snake eagle, booted eagle, goshawk, eagle owl, tawny owl, culture, kestrel, peregrine falcon, wild boar, deer, weasel, (sea)otter, wildcat, mongoose.
Sierra de Grazalema Natural Park
Administration in El Bosque; visitors center in El Bosque.
516.95 km² in area.
Limestone formation, transformed to ravines, declines and caves. Large colonies of Spanish fir ("pinsapo").
Bird watching, archaeological and botanical excursions.
Hiking, climbing, mountainbiking, speleology, paragliding.
Spanish fir, cork oak, holm oak, gall oak, carob, oleaster.
Imperial eagle, golden eagle, fish hawk, vulture, Egyptian vulture, mountain goat, deer, mongoose, (sea)otter, fox.
Straits of Gibraltar Natural Park
Cetacea in the strait
Is the most meridional national park of Europe.
Its location at the southernmost point of mainland Spain, and of mainland Europe, at the point where the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea meet in the Strait of Gibraltar, places it on the migratory route for many birds.

Natural reserves

There are eight natural reserves in the province: Complejo Endorreico de Chiclana, Complejo Endorreico de Espera, Complejo Endorreico de Puerto Real, Complejo Endorreico del Puerto de Santa María, Laguna de Medina, Lagunas de las Canteras y el Tejón, Laguna de la Paja, and Peñón de Zaframagón (which straddles the border with the province of Seville.)

Natural sites

There are seven natural sites in the province: Cola del Embalse de Arcos, Cola del Embalse de Bornos, Estuario del Río Guadiaro, Isla del Trocadero, Marismas de Sancti Petri, Marismas del Río Palmones, and Playa de Los Lances.

Parques Periurbanos: Pinares y Dunas de San Antón La Suara La Barrosa

Natural monuments

There are five natural monuments in the province: Corrales de Rota, Duna de Bolonia, Punta del Boquerón, Tómbolo de Trafalgar, and Escarpes del Río Trejo en Setenil.

Transportation

Roads

Airports

Railroads

Ports

The main ways to enter the province are by road from Seville or Malaga and by the Jerez Airport.

Notable sports teams

Football

Rugby Union

Notes and references

  1. ^
  2. ^

See also

External links

  • Grazalema Natural Park tourist information in Spanish, English, French and German
  • Excma. Diputación Provincial de Cádiz
  • Official Website of Tourism in the Province of Cádiz
  • Libro de Estilo de Canal Sur (anexo 4, pg. 417, comarcas andaluzas). Listado comarcal definido por la Consejería de Turismo y Deporte de la Junta de Andalucía.
  • (Spanish) Bahía de Cádiz Natural Park
  • (Spanish) Del Estrecho Natural Park
  • (Spanish) Doñana Natural Park
  • (Spanish) La Breña y Marismas del Barbate Natural Park
  • (Spanish) Los Alcornocales Natural Park
  • (Spanish) Grazalema Natural Park
  • bajoguadalquivir.org
  • Google Maps satellite view
  • YasHan Gallery More photos of Cádiz.


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.